Growing eggplant in Siberia is not an easy task for a gardener, requiring a certain approach and adherence to all technologies. Since the Siberian region has a cool continental climate, with an average annual temperature of 0 ° C, you need to create growth conditions and select the appropriate early seeds.
- Preparing seedlings
- Variants of growing sprouts
- Early ripening 148
- The Nutcracker
- Dwarf 921
- Black handsome
- Conclusion <
Early ripening or mid-season hybrids have their own nuances in the preparation of seedlings, its feeding and germination.
Siberian summer and hot, but very short. Early varieties suitable for the conditions of the northern region
were bred by selection method. In the northern regions, start planting in May or early June, having preliminarily built arcs for the film. When you Understand that the seedlings have taken hold of the place, then the film can be changed to lutrasil. At night, it is advisable to leave it covered, but in the afternoon, you can open it for better sunlight. Consider the best early eggplant varieties for Siberia and how to sow them.
Variants of growing sprouts
First you need to grow seedlings.The seeds are germinated with gauze, and experienced people use wet cosmetic cotton pads or wet wipes. When shoots first appear, they are immediately planted in containers with loosened prepared soil. Usually sprouts appear on the 20th – 25th day of soaking.
There is another option for growing. After growth stimulants have been used, the seeds are washed with water and immediately planted on the site using cups of peat. If you use cassettes, then only with large cells, since they are afraid of a sharp change of soil.
In order to harden seedlings, it is worthwhile to carry out special procedures. If the sprouts are grown in a greenhouse, then several times a day they need to be taken out into the open air, or the top of the greenhouse should be removed to lower the temperature a little.
This procedure will save you from dying at large temperature differences.
Ripening 148. The fruits are purple, pear-shaped up to 8 cm in length. The ripening period is 110-148 days. Cultivation requires top dressing, watering and loosening. It can be planted in an open area and in a greenhouse.
The optimal period for planting: late February to early March. To accelerate the ripening period, germination begins in greenhouses. To plant in sowing paths with a depth of about 1.5 cm. At a temperature of 22 ° C, sprouts appear after 10 days. You can do without a dive if you replace it with transshipment when a second leaf appears on the bush.In the second half of July there is a danger of frost, seedlings are planted in the ground.
Diamond. Mid-season species with a plentiful harvest. Coloring dark purple, flesh without bitterness. The fruit reaches 18 cm, and the ripening period is 115-150 days.
Sowing seeds in finished containers at a depth of 1.5 cm, with the onset of spring. The earth should be warm enough. The bushes grow wide, so the area for one plant is about 40 by 70 cm.
The Nutcracker. High-yielding mid-early species, preferably grown under a film. Fruits reach 600 gr.
The beginning of March is the time for planting seeds, at an air temperature of 25 ° C in loosened soil that can hold moisture well. After germination in greenhouses, they are planted on the site (40 by 30 cm pattern), and after a week they use mineral fertilizers.
Epic. Early ripening variety with good disease resistance. Tall bushes bring up to 8 kg. It requires moderate watering and bears fruit up to 400 gr.
For planting, you need soil heated to 10 ° C. Bushes grow tall, a support in the form of a pin is necessarily used. Diving is not applicable.
Dwarf 921. Low-growing bushes with high productivity.Fruits weighing 300 gr. Ripen in 110 days.
The soil is loosened and mulched, cleared of weeds. Before landing in open ground, 70 days must pass. The plant does not require careful maintenance.
Black handsome. According to the description, the color is dark crimson or purple, weight up to 200 g. The ripening period is 110-145 days, high productivity. There is no bitterness in the pulp.
Sowing in the second half of February. When a second leaf appears, seedlings need to be reloaded, and transferred to the site at the end of May. The bush is formed by removing excess leaves and shoots.
Choosing the right early-ripening eggplant varieties for Siberia and observing the rules for their cultivation, you can achieve a plentiful harvest. Characterization of early-ripening species makes it possible to grow eggplants in the Siberian region.