Garden orchid – a beautiful, delicate and elegant flower, occupying a place of honor in any garden. In our climate, different varieties of such overseas beauties take root well.
- Varieties of garden orchids
- Description <
- Orchid planting
- Choosing a planting location
- Flower care
- Reproduction <
- Pest and disease control
Varieties of garden orchids
Garden orchids are durable, hardy and very different from indoor ones In order not to make a mistake and plant the right plant, you need to I can figure out their varieties.
Varieties for planting in the open ground:
- Queen’s shoe (Cypripedium reginae), or Venus shoe,
- Hybrids Michael, Gisela ;
They are not capricious and weatherproof.
Garden orchids have a lush and beautiful leafy crown. Their flowers delight with refinement. Asymmetry is a hallmark of these plants. They have elongated sharp leaves with clear veins, alternately walking along the stem, a bit like a lily of the valley family.
Gizela is a type of garden orchid suitable for beginners in flower cultivation. It takes root well, withstands frosts.The bush is green, with a large number of flowers, on which a soft cream lip and 3 purplish-brown petals stand out.
Petals are light green in yellow, with a gentle cream tint. In the evening, it seems that they glow from the inside.
Sort Shoe has a bright red color “lips”. It looks impressive against the background of white flower petals.
A hybrid variety with large striped flowers and purple petals. The bush is compact and suitable for small flower gardens, combined with other varieties.
Garden orchid Tritsirtis belongs to lily species. It blooms beautifully, has a great resemblance to a tropical orchid. In height, the stem stretches up to 70 cm, flowers in diameter – up to 4 cm. People call this flower a toad lily. The color is white, pink and cream, with mandatory spots throughout the inflorescence.
From the variety of varieties, everyone will be able to choose a suitable one and enjoy the look of unusual flowers.
For flowers that can withstand the cold climate, a symbiosis with a mushroom is characteristic (like in trees). This combination helps to survive in cold weather. Large flowers of garden orchids appear in May, if planted correctly. The bright multicolor against the background of young grass enlivens the front garden.
Choosing a planting place
Garden orchids love shade. 5-6 hours of sunshine are enough for them. In nature, they live in forests.When planting, this is taken into account first of all.
Under the crown of linden, maple or elm, they will take root perfectly and will feel at home. The conifers will not interfere with them. The landing site should not be exposed to drafts.
The soil should have neutral acidity, good moisture permeability and friability, so that air can circulate freely. When the soil dries or overflows, garden orchids die.
Planting and care of garden orchids begins with the preparation of the site. To do this, you need a hole 40-50 cm deep. Expanded clay is poured into its center at the bottom 8–13 cm thick. Top with a substrate of a certain composition:
- 2 parts of peat;
- 1 part of limestone (crushed) – up to 2 cm;
- 1 part perlite;
- 1 part of forest land or coniferous and with humus of leaves;
- 0.5 parts of river sand;
- charcoal and lava chips.
Charcoal and chips are needed to improve aeration. To prevent moisture from evaporating, mulching with coniferous mortality is carried out.
The substrate for planting is selected taking into account garden varieties of orchids. A high calcium content is suitable for the slipper of the present, the Tibetan slipper tolerates humus soil better and needs shelter from autumn weather.
Garden orchids, their varieties and hybrids, differ in the length of the rhizome. It depends on how they fill the space of the flower garden over time.Spotted orchids and Yatabe have a small crown, but long roots, and grow well. Large-flowered plants are best planted closer to each other: their roots are shorter, but the upper green cover is larger.
Caring for garden orchids involves monitoring soil moisture, regular watering and preventing drought in the root zone.
Weeds should not grow in the immediate vicinity of the flower garden. They can drown them: growth will slow down and bloom will not be lush.
Fertilizers are applied in the fall or spring. Feed by any means for orchids. Tritsirtis garden loves a weak mineral solution. In spring, before flowering, during the appearance of the first leaves, this is the best time for such a procedure.
Propagation of flowering plants refers to the care. In nature, they do this self-seeding. Germination occurs due to fungi growing nearby, i.e. symbiosis of orchid seeds with mycelium.
This does not happen at home – it is impossible to grow new plants.
For reproduction, the division of the root system is done, so that in each part there are 3 buds. This is necessary for the speedy development of a new flower. A well-developed adult plant is chosen for the procedure. They are performed once every 5 years.A suitable period is in August and the first decade of September.
The buds are placed in the ground to a depth of not more than 1-2 cm. This is done in the spring season, before the start of the growing season or in late autumn, so that the sap flow is slowed down.
Pest and disease control
Care includes the control of pests and diseases of exotic flowers. Slugs and snails love to eat around the edges of leaves. Slime from them stays on the flowers and the stem and damages them after drying.
To control the pests, the needles are scattered around the stem.
When rust appears on the leaves, a fungicide solution is sprayed. Such a sore passes to a flower with a row of growing apple trees. Orchids should not be planted close to fruit trees.
If garden tricyrtis has affected aphids, an insecticide is used.
In the winter-autumn period, water stagnates in the root zone, i.e. soaking and decay of the rhizome. To avoid this, the plant is planted on a hill or make special obstacles to remove moisture.
Any species of orchids get along well with bones, low conifers, sedge, ferns, etc. Particular care is needed when transplanting to avoid problems in the future. If the roots are slightly damaged, plant growth will stop. With a large loss of the root system, the plant loses its ability to regenerate and dies.
The butterfly eats the leaves of the orchid with great pleasure.They use fungicide to fight.
Success The cultivation and breeding of orchids depends not only on the choice of the place of planting, care and pest control. The main and decisive factor is the love of these unusual colors.