Farmland – a suitable place for planting different crops. Some sit down every year, while others are perennials. When to plant onion sets in open ground? Not a single garden is complete without garlic, onions, herbs, because these are unpretentious plants that can be sold and eaten. How to plant onion sets in open ground?Compliance with certain rules will simplify the care of the plant, especially in large areas of the garden.
- Benefit for the farmer
- Features of planting and growing onions
- How the crop grows in different areas
- Features of crop care
- Sowing seeds in open ground
- Is it worth planting onions indoors
- Rules for open sowing
- What rules will help to achieve a good harvest
- Harvesting onion seeds for the winter
- Sowing care
- Harvesting in the summer
Benefit for the farmer
Every villager or landlord knows how to plant onions. The requirement of minimal care and the vitality of the crop makes it profitable to plant on vegetable gardens of any size. Sewc survives in conditions of severe summer drought and constant rainfall. On the open ground, whole rows of green “arrows” are planted, which are launched on salads, summer dishes and pickles. Onion contains many useful and nutrients that are necessary for the human body.
It is not worth planting onions at random, only a systematic planting will allow the seedling to grow rapidly, and the soil – not to suffer from the plant. Planting is carried out in the spring, when the soil warms up to the lower layers, but it is better to harvest seeds in the fall. Grain storage is a simple matter, but the wrong seed content leads to a disastrous result: the plant dies or the plant does not give full arrows.
Features of planting and growing onion crops
Growing summer plants begins with preparation. The beginning of a new season begins long before planting with harvesting seeds, cultivating the land, and fertilizing. A prophylactic for many diseases of the skin and internal organs is onions, which are best planted on open, well-ventilated soil.
- The plant loves the sun, but also feels good in the shade.
- On the open ground, it is better to allocate a plot for onions so that the culture does not interfere with the growth of other plants.
- Neighborhood with green arrows is carried by both tomatoes and other vegetables popular among gardeners.
- Planting onions does not cost without collecting seeds in the fall, when the tips of the green arrows thicken, and at their ends a “sac and ”with seeds.
It is important not to miss the moment when land needs to be prepared for the future sowing. The growth of simple plants is within the power of every gardener, even a beginner who has not previously encountered planting onions.
How the culture grows in different areas
You can plant onions on the soil, even of mixed form. Look for a special chernozem gardener to anything. Sevka takes root even on dry land, which contains a lot of salts. Outdoor planting is accompanied by abundant watering. For the winter, gardeners pickle green arrows and chopped onions, its beneficial properties are available to people all year round. Profitable and inexpensive, it does not require special care.
How to prepare sets correctly? The bulb grows faster if the crops are located on the site where there is a shadow. A sufficient amount of moisture eliminates all the imperfections of the soil. You can safely plant onions in saline soil, where other plants do not take root. The clay and sand layer and even the turf will help the culture to begin. Before planting, the gardener should evaluate the entire front of the work. If the soil has high levels of salt or clay, caring for green arrows will take a little more time and effort.
Features of caring for the crop
There are a few simple rules that will provide the bow growth and good development. In order to grow a good crop, you must remember that:
- Abundant watering of the onion is not needed.
- During fertilizing other crops, the plant is watered at the same time.
- On this basic care ends.
- The heat of the onion is not terrible, it withstands it well, and the bulbs remain juicy and nutritious.
- Onions in open ground grow until the end of warm autumn, and in the winter the plant gives a lot of seeds.
Every year experienced gardeners and beginners plant a plant that is profitable for maintenance and costs, which will become the basis of many healthy dishes. Salads, pickles, baked meat and various marinades will not do without onions. The minimum cost of landing effort pays off several times.
You can grow crops for sale, for mass production and large purchases. In such cases, the gardener is worried that the green arrows grow large and juicy. Minimal watering will help the onion grow in a short time.
Sowing seeds in open ground
Onion seeds gardeners try to plant the first in the open ground. Different types of culture react differently to the composition of the soil, so before planting, you should make sure that no problems arise in the future. Growing juicy arrows by the summer yields significant results.
In the spring, choosing a good variety is easy. . Sowing and further care (weeding the beds at least once every 2 weeks) will not become a burden and troubles for the gardener. One-year bulbs are grown from seeds that are harvested for the winter.
Is it worth planting onions in covered ground
Other methods of planting onions are less effective.Before sowing, the gardener needs to determine the necessary volumes of bulbs and arrows. Why is it needed? The plant is used for salads, for medicinal purposes, as a means for the prevention of various diseases. Transplanting a large number of onions for salads is a waste of time and effort. Cultivating a crop for mass production requires the allocation of a large area of land.
Not many gardeners know that onions contain the same amount of vitamin C as citrus fruits. For people with a deficiency of the most important vitamin for a normal life, onion salads are an essential part of the daily diet. Planting does not take much time if you carefully prepare and plan the planting of the garden in advance.
Rules for open sowing
Growing a seed set allows you to get a full juicy bulb. Diseases rarely concern a culture that does not require special care from the gardener. Sowing matures in a month, depending on environmental conditions. Proper planting of onions will guarantee a good and environmentally friendly crop:
- Planting bulbs when the gardener decides is a big mistake.
- The taste of the root crop depends on the composition of the soil and irrigation.
- An unpretentious plant will have to be fertilized at least several times per season.
- The average diameter of one bulb is from 1.5 to 3 cm.
- Seeds are planted only in spring, warm, but non-hot weather is a guarantee of a good harvest.
- First you need to grow small bulbs, and the next year they will make a full crop.
- Only some types of onions are planted a second time.
Experienced gardeners alternate sowing with the lunar calendar. The people there are beliefs that the implementation of certain rules leads to the best results. For onions, the moon landing system is as follows:
- in February, bulbs do not sit down in any case;
- in March 2017, 17, 26 and 31 (dates shift every year);
- in April, the 20th day is suitable for planting onion crops;
- in May, practically all days except the full moon will be suitable;
- it’s too late to plant the bulbs in June.
First of all, having set the date, you should decide in which place it is best to plant the crop. Neighbors for onions are selected carefully, with extreme care. With tomatoes or potatoes, for example, the plant “will not quarrel.” Planting bulbs under zucchini or corn is undesirable. Experienced gardeners advise giving the land rest after crops, so it is best to change the location of vegetables in the garden every year. You can plant seeds in the summer, but it will be more difficult for them to take root in hot conditions, especially in drought. Watering the green arrows too often is also not worth it.
What rules will help to achieve a good harvest
The first step is preparing the land for future plants. To plant any culture in unprepared soil without precautions. The preparation of the site is as follows:
- All garbage, dried branches and weeds are removed. In appearance, dry plants can maintain a living root system, which will subsequently feed on onion juices. The area before landing should be perfectly clean.
- The soil is being dug. Loosened earth is a favorable environment for one-year onions.
- The soil is fertilized. Whatever the soil, even if it is fertile, it should be carefully fertilized before planting the onions. After the bulbs shoot arrows, additional soil fertilization is not required.
Simple rules will help to make your own beds organized, and a planted plant that is economically advantageous will become an additional plus for a person to run his own farm. The gardener, who monitors the quality of the soil and cares for the plants, always gets a good and healthy crop.
Harvesting onion seeds for the winter
If you water the crop in the summer and take care of it closer to winter will be able to collect healthy seeds. Wintered seeds are ready for planting as soon as the snow melts and there are no threats of frost. Having planted a crop by the end of March and beginning of April, the gardener does not lose. Before planting, the seeds are necessarily soaked in water (at least 24 hours). A swollen seed is best established. Drying grain is better in the shade in the fresh air. After the seeds are processed, the affected grains are thrown away. It is important that there is no rot or stain of unknown origin on a dry skin. Such a seed will not take root.
After loosening the soil, the seeds are ready for planting. Next, ditches should be made (up to 10 cm in depth).The main thing is not to overdo it; the too deep position of the seeds will lead to the opposite result – the plant will not germinate. The distance between the bulbs should be at least 2 cm, so growing crops will not interfere with each other. Watering the planted seeds is optional. A densely planted bed will need a transplant of ripened bulbs. The necessary shooter growth should not harm the bulb, therefore it is better to remove excess green shoots as the onion ripens. Mulching of the soil occurs after planting, when the upper layers of soil are fertilized with humus. Not all gardeners resort to such tricks, bulbs will be taken without mulching the soil.
The main onion care is considered to be periodic cleaning of arrows from weeds that grow rapidly on fertilized soil. Onions with a small root system can die from improper weeding. Weeds should be cleaned carefully and carefully, without touching the bulbs. It is recommended to loosen the soil at least once a month: a simple procedure will provide the onion with rapid growth both in the arrow and in the rhizome. Watering ends exactly one month before the expected harvest.
Provided that the land itself is fertile, additional water is simply not needed. It is necessary to irrigate the plant in the first weeks of its active growth, while the bulb has not yet formed. Potassium and phosphorus supplements are best planned at the end of the season.During the period of active plant growth, this makes no sense.
Harvesting in the summer
After spring planting, the bulbs should be nourished with moisture, and the soil should be constantly loosened. Simple manipulations with the soil will allow for the rapid growth of leaves and plants. Disease prevention in such crops is carried out only once – in the middle of the season. Yellowed leaves indicate that the time has come for the harvest. During this period, the skin of the bulb becomes dark and dry. Harvesting occurs at the end of July or August, depending on the date of planting. In the rainy season, it is better not to delay the collection of onions, otherwise the root crop will begin to rot and deteriorate.
The desired, nutritious and tasty salad in the summer will not do without onions and parsley. For a gardener, planting plants in spring is a familiar and quick matter, but a beginner should pay attention to the onion variety, the method of sowing and further care. In appearance, an unpretentious plant will not become an annoying disappointment if you put a little effort and time into it before planting. Sevoc refers to biennial crops that are planted from seeds in the first year, and from small bulbs in the second. Lovers of the sun – green arrows will go to a salad or marinade, and will also serve to treat an adult or a child.