Smelt and smelt belong to a special genus (Osmerus)
the salmon family, which is quite large
mouth, longer lower jaw, numerous
and large teeth and very delicate scales; dorsal
begins not in front of the pelvic fins, as in whitefishes and grayling, but behind; the lateral line is incomplete. Both fish
differ from each other almost only in size, and belong
to one kind.
Live smelt is very beautiful. Her back is brownish green,
somewhat translucent, since the dorsal scales are not
lined with silver pigment inside; sides are silvery
with a blue tint above and below. Males differ from
females with a more prominent lower jaw, and during spawning
– a large number of warts on the head and lower
Smelt is found in the northern seas of the Old World: Arctic,
White, Baltic and German. This is her main habitat,
but, in addition, it is found in very many large
and deep lakes of the Northwest. and Sweden.
Smelt always walks in very large herds. Usually
she lives in deep sandy places of the sea or lake,
but for spawning it enters rivers, although rarely rises
on them it is very high and avoids fast flow. Food
it consists of various small animals, exclusively
small crustaceans: daphnia, cypris, cyclops, but large
smelt almost feeds exclusively on the young of others
fish or even your own; the predation of this fish is indicated
and her sharp teeth. According to Kessler, this tendency of large
fish to devouring small fish of their own tribe is noticed
especially in such lakes where there is no other, more
suitable food, for example, in the Valdai Lake. Smelt is very
gluttonous, and happens to be found in the stomach of a seven-inch
These fish differ from all species of the salmon family.
their vitality: when taken out of the water, they remain
alive for hours, probably from what is above the gills
there are two small cavities in the form of sacs, in which
water can be stored.
Of all salmon fish, smelt is the most unpretentious and can easily
be bred in every significant lake that has sufficient
depth and fairly cold water. In England, according to Borne, this
fish are kept even in ponds (probably key ones), and there it is very
reproduces well and strongly. Breeding would be most profitable.
smelt in the lakes of Central., in which it has a relatively
pretty significant value.
Caloric content of smelt
It is 102 kcal per 100 g of product. It has good nutritional
properties due to the increased protein content. 100 g baked
smelt – 99 kcal. Moderate consumption of this fish will saturate the body.
useful substances without harm to the figure.
Nutritional value per 100 grams:
Proteins, g Fats, g Carbohydrates, g Ash, g Water, g Calorie content, kcal 15,4 4,5 – 1,5 78,5 102
Useful properties of smelt
Smelt meat contains useful minerals and trace elements,
such as iron, potassium,
Everyone should include it in their diet, especially
To old people. On sale there is ice cream, chilled,
salted and smoked smelt. The fish is very easy to clean,
she has fatty meat, she fries beautifully. Very tasty
smelt, rolled in flour and deep-fried.
Smelt is also very useful, due to the content of vitamins A,
group B and a large number of trace elements.
No wonder in the spring smelt is called “vitamin”,
maybe that’s why it smells not of fish, but of fresh cucumber.
Record holders for sodium
Dangerous properties of smelt
There is a smelt from
Neva is really dangerous – this fish feeds on sewage
and contains arsenic along with the hazardous substance PCB.
At the same time, ecologists pay attention to the fact that fish more often
everything is caught right next to the sewer collectors.