Soil selection for Phalaenopsis orchid

The soil for the Phalaenopsis orchid plays a major role in its development. This applies to those representatives who grow at home. You need to give the plant land in which the root system does not die.

Content
  1. Ground preparation
  2. Natural conditions
  3. Soil selection
  4. Soil composition
  5. Components for the substrate
  6. Brief description of the substances
  7. Soil composition options
  8. Preparing the soil for orchids
  9. Recipe <
  10. Orchid pot
  11. Conclusion

Выбор грунта для орхидеи фаленопсис

Soil selection for the Phalaenopsis orchid

Soil preparation

For preparing the substrate at home All parameters of the culture should be studied, not only where the culture grows, but also its origin ..

Natural conditions

The root system of this flower is airy. it is attached to the rocks by its roots, and the plant receives its nutrients from the donor or in the process of getting rain moisture on it. Nutrition can be carried out through the air.

Phalaenopsis is a hybrid culture that was created for cultivation at home. The soil for orchids is different from other varieties of flowers that are grown on the windowsill. The soil must meet the growing conditions in the wild.

Soil selection

Soil is bought in agricultural stores.It is really possible to cook it at home. For this, not only the variety of culture and its dimensions are taken into account. It is necessary to pay attention to the size of the pot, the growing season and the weather conditions under which cultivation is carried out.

Depending on each variety, the soil composition will always be different, because each variety needs different nutrients and a different level of drainage.

Soil composition

The development of the plant depends on the soil (root system, flowering and stem height). If you plant them in poor-quality soil, then there is a high probability of the death of the entire bush.

There are recipes for preparing the soil for planting. You need to keep proportions, because the slightest deviation is fraught with the death of the bush.

Components for the substrate

The composition of the soil for orchids should include the following components:

  • charcoal wood;
  • coniferous bark (best pine);
  • coconut fiber;
  • fern roots;
  • vermiculite, perlite and sphagnum;
  • peat;
  • humus and pine cones.

The land contains a number of exotic components. It is prepared in different proportions, depending on the variety of culture.

Brief description of the substances

Кору можно использовать только со здорового дерева

Bark can only be used with a healthy tree

Soil for a flower involves the use of different components. Finding humus or pine bark is relatively easy, but all other ingredients are difficult.

Use bark from a healthy tree. In the forest they look for fern roots and moss from the marshland. Expanded clay is sold in building materials stores.

Vermiculite is needed to provide soil looseness. So it will be better to pass moisture and air. Also, its functions are considered to reduce the risk of fungus and prevent drying of the soil. Despite the fact that vermiculite is a mineral that is not characterized by a high content of useful components, it is used to increase the friability of the earth.

Soil composition options

It is not necessary to include primer for Phalaenopsis orchids at once all the ingredients. It is realistic to make a substrate with your own hands from those elements that were found without certain difficulties. There are several options for preparing the soil, which are based on the use of completely different elements.

1 option: mix pine bark with charcoal (1: 5). This composition enhances the moisture exchange inside the pot and increase oxygen circulation.

2 option for making soil for orchids with your own hands: mix sphagnum, charcoal and pine bark (2: 1: 5).

3 option: mix 1 part of peat and coal with 3- parts of humus and pine bark.

Prepare the soil for orchids

Features of the preparation of the substrate:

  1. Indices of humidity in the room. If it is dry, then the soil should be moisture-resistant.
  2. Pay attention to the drying rates of the prepared substrate. The optimal time for drying is 3 days. The prepared substrate must not be tamped. It must be loose.

Recipe

Moss, which was just collected, pour warm water and let it brew for 24 hours. This will destroy all parasites and bacteria. The roots of the fern are washed under running water and immersed in boiled water for literally 10-15 minutes.

The next step is to grind the roots. Slices should be 3-4 cm in size. Peat is divided into several small parts. Pine bark is crushed to such an extent that small chips are formed.

All these components are placed in boiling water, and then thoroughly dried. In the prepared pot, a drainage system is installed. As drainage, crushed gravel or broken bricks are used. Prepared soil for phalaenopsis is poured into ½ part of the entire pot, after which a drainage layer is again made. The upper part is again covered with earth.After that, you can plant the flower.

SOIL (SUBSTRATE) FOR PHALENOPSIS ORCHID. HOME ORCHID
Orchid soil, soil, landing, transplanting. For Phalaenopsis, Miltonia, Cumbria, Cymbidium.
How to transplant an orchid (Falenopsis)

Orchid pot

After preparing the mixture, you should choose a container for its placement. At home, they land in glass or plastic containers. This enhances good root exposure to sunlight.

It is better to use pots made of plastic and clay. You have the right to make a choice yourself. At the bottom of the pot there should be a hole through which excess moisture will escape.

With the help of plastic pots, it is easier to monitor the condition of the roots and their development. This container conducts light well through itself, which the plant needs. Among the disadvantages, lack of attractiveness is distinguished.

Video

It is customary to plant varieties in a clay pot that need high humidity. With its help, the plant is protected from falling, because such a capacity is characterized by a large weight.

Conclusion

The quality of the soil for Phalaenopsis orchids is determined by its composition. The proper care of the plant depends on it. Depending on the choice of components and their proportions, raw materials are obtained for different varieties of this crop.

Anna Evans

Author ✓ Farmer

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