Tansy is a perennial herb of the Asteraceae family
The name itself comes from Czech or Polish
the words “pizmo”, which means “musk” in translation, that is, the smell is
organic origin. In fact, all plants of this species
have a very strong rich aroma, and the smell emits
every cell of this plant.
People call worm, wild rowan
Perennial plant up to one and a half meters high.
Inflorescences – medium baskets, collected in loose or dense corymbose
Rhizome woody, long, branching, creeping.
Stems straight, numerous, unbranched, faceted, glabrous or
Leaves with a strongly dissected leaf blade, oval odorous,
resinous, pubescent with sticky secretions, oblong-ovate,
alternate, twice pinnately dissected. With ten pairs of oblong-lanceolate,
serrate, pointed, leaflets; at the top are dark green, at the bottom –
Flowers are bisexual, small, regular, tubular, yellow, collected
into the baskets, and those, in turn, into the apical, dense corymbose
inflorescences. Tiled wrapper, multi-row, hemispherical, leaves
The fruit is a pentahedral, oblong achene with finely serrated,
The fruits ripen in late August – early September.
The plant is widespread in temperate climates
zones throughout the Northern Hemisphere.
It grows in meadows and near dwellings, on fresh, sandy, dry,
clay soils in mixed, light, deciduous forests. Meets
in the steppe, in clearings and forest edges, along river banks, along roads, along roadsides.
The inflorescences of this plant are poisonous!
Kvass and liqueurs are made from tansy. Tansy is added to
salads, muffins, puddings, used for preserving meat, vegetable
and fish dishes.
Harvested during full bloom. For medicinal purposes
use inflorescences and flower baskets. Cut them off by 5-10 cm
and dried. Drying should take place under a canopy, or in the shade, you can
in attics, in a dryer. It is not recommended to dry the tansy outdoors.
air during rain, as the plant absorbs from small droplets
rain various types of harmful impurities. When it rains, it is necessary
cover the harvested plant or bring it into the room.
Tansy is not demanding on the soil. Even small seedlings
frost resistant. Usually tansy is sown in spring, but also winter crops
just as effective. You can also propagate by root shoots,
in relation to the rest of the plant somewhere 50 to 50. It blooms well
and bears fruit from the second year of life. In the first year, the plant is very
weak and requires constant care and attention. Feed the young
plants with mineral fertilizers.
Tanacetum vulgare – Common tansy – the most famous
view. The plant is considered moderately poisonous, but also has a medicinal
Useful properties of tansy
For medicinal and medicinal purposes, leaves, flowers, grass and stems are used.
The inflorescences of tansy during flowering contain: polysaccharides, alkaloids,
proteins, organic acids, glycosides, tanacetic acid, gallic
acid, bitter and tannins, oxyflavone glycosides and vitamins.
It has a good ability to accumulate manganese in itself.
In France, Hungary, England, USA, some areas. and Kazakhstan
tansy is used in the chemical-pharmaceutical and food industries.
It is used for flavoring canned food, salads, confectionery.
Sometimes leaves are replaced with cinnamon, ginger,
nutmeg. The northern peoples covered with this plant meat
carcasses in order to protect them from decomposition.
Some popular recipes for making tinctures from tansy:
- 20 g of small
raw materials for 200 ml of boiled hot water, leave for four hours, then
strain. Reception consists of 1 tablespoon in the morning, lunch and evening.
- In 200 ml
boiling water, throw 20 g of tansy, boil for 5 minutes, insist for half an hour,
then we eat. Take three cuts a day for half a glass.
- In 200 ml
pour boiling water 5 g of seeds, wait one hour until it is infused, then
we filter. Reception consists of 1 tablespoon five times a day.
- 3 teeth
toss the garlic
in 400 ml of hot milk, add 20 g of tansy flowers, cook 10
minutes on low heat, filter. Such a decoction is used as
enemas, for worms.
Leaves and flowers in folk medicine were used for cholecystitis,
hepatitis, angiocholitis, with enterocolitis, giardiasis, anacid gastritis.
In modern medicine, preparations based on tansy are used for
diseases of the liver and intestines, to stimulate appetite, with bronchial
asthma, improving digestion, with rheumatism, as an anthelmintic,
increases the acidity of gastric juice, helps with constipation.
In foreign medicine, the plant is used for gout, rheumatism,
stomach ulcer, flatulence, dysentery, migraine, epilepsy, malaria,
hysteria, edema, stomach cramps, jaundice, with pyelonephritis, for
treatment of purulent wounds, urolithiasis, ulcers, bruises, scabies,
boils, as well as against dandruff.
Dangerous properties of tansy and contraindications
The daily dose of tansy tincture should not exceed 0,5 liters.
Contains ketone, thujone – toxic substances. May cause seizures.
The use of tansy during pregnancy is categorically contraindicated,
since it is slightly toxic it can lead to abortion.
The plant is toxic, prolonged use is contraindicated. For children
under 7 years old, the use of tansy preparations is strictly prohibited.
In case of an overdose, upset stomach, kidney damage,
depression. In such cases, it is recommended to urgently flush the stomach.
a weak solution of manganese.
Cases of poisoning, visual impairment, depression of the nervous
system, death is possible.