Cabbage varieties for Siberia were derived taking into account the climatic features of this region. They have increased cold resistance, are resistant to constant changes in weather and have resistance to a number of major diseases.
- White cabbage
- Early varieties and hybrids
- Mid-ripening varieties and hybrids
- Late-ripening varieties and hybrids
- Movir <
- Snow globe
- Color express
- Vitamin <
- Peking and ornamental cabbage
White cabbage Ovidity is most often grown in Siberia. Vegetables are used for starter culture and salting. It is stored for a long time in this form. It is better to grow white varieties by seedlings. It is not recommended to plant varieties directly under seeds in Siberian weather conditions.
Early varieties and hybrids
The best varieties of cabbage for Siberia are early ripe. They have time to ripen before the onset of cold weather.
The precocious varietal variety June gives you the opportunity to harvest the first crop after 60-70 days after sowing. Her head of cabbage is round, weighing an average of 2.5 kg, with an average density. This cabbage grown in Siberia is considered one of the most resistant to cracking.
The selection result is an ultra-early hybrid Zarya f1 allows you to grow the first crop of vegetables in 40-45 days. Heads of cabbage are small, 1.0-1.5 kg each, round in shape, with medium density. The hybrid has excellent taste characteristics, it is most often used fresh.
This is an early high-yielding Varietal species: Nadezhda gives 5-7 heads of cabbage weighing up to 4.5 kg per 1 sq. Km. m of landing area. It perfectly adapts to the harsh Siberian climate and can withstand the low temperatures of the cool summer.
Mid-ripening varieties and hybrids
Mid-ripe white-varietal varietal species and hybrids are suitable for cultivation in open beds and in closed greenhouse conditions.
Gift – one of the best varieties of white cabbage for Siberia and the Urals, most often grown for salting and pickling. Its vegetative period from the date of planting seedlings, which are planted in June, to the collection of the first vegetables – 110-120 days. The heads of cabbage are round, slightly flattened, dense. The mass of one vegetable is 2.5-4.5 kg.
The classic white varietal variety Variety Slava-1305 became known for its high productivity. Round vegetables with a dense structure weighing 2.5-4.5 kg can be harvested after 85-100 days from the date of seedling planting.
Anniversary hybrid f1 ripens on average in 90 days . The weight of high-density vegetables is from 1.5 kg to 4 kg.The hybrid has a long shelf life and taste characteristics, therefore it is used in any form: fresh, pickled, salted.
Late-ripening varieties and hybrids
Late-ripe variety and hybrid varieties in the Siberian region are recommended to be grown in insulated greenhouses . In open beds, Siberian climatic conditions do not allow vegetables to ripen, but such vegetables have a longer shelf life.
Technical maturity of vegetables occurs after 4 months after transplanting. This late species has round-headed head of cabbage with an average weight of 3.0-3.5 kg. During the storage of Amager, its taste is not lost, but gets better.
Hybrid Kryumon-f1 is a selection product, it gives the first crop on the 125-135th day. Heads of medium size, 2 kg each, are very dense, rounded, with excellent taste characteristics. This late cultivar has established itself among Siberian gardeners due to its long shelf life of more than 6 months.
Another type of cabbage for cultivation in the Siberian region is cauliflower cabbage.It requires good illumination and solar heat, however, some varieties have adapted to short Siberian daylight, rare sunny days, and even tolerate small frosts.
Cauliflower can withstand a temperature drop of -5 ° C.
Movir-74 cauliflower variety belongs to ultra-early, ripening in 55 days, therefore it can be planted even on open ground. The fruits are white in color and weigh up to 1.3 kg. The variety, resistant to cold weather, can tolerate both cool Siberian summer and hot conditions of other regions.
The snow globe ripening in 2 months takes root well in open soil soil, withstanding frequent cooling and showing high resistance to disease. Among its distinctive characteristics distinguish a long shelf life. Vegetables grow 600 g each, dense, tuberous, of regular symmetrical shape.
The early ripe Color Express is considered one of the best in Siberia in terms of productivity and frost resistance. The vegetative maturation period is no more than 60 days from the moment of sowing by seeds. The technological period of maturity can be reduced to 55 days when cultivating the Color Express in a greenhouse. The average weight of vegetables is 0.5 kg.
A number of varietal varieties of broccoli are suitable for Siberia and the Urals.
Hybrid variety of broccoli Caesar f1 can delight you with a harvest of vegetables several times in one garden season, quickly tying new vegetables immediately after cutting the cabbage heads. He gained his fame thanks to excellent taste characteristics and the ability to stay fresh for a long period. It is resistant to most common among cruciferous diseases. The hybrid gives large yields of vegetables of 0.6-0.9 kg.
Early ripe vitamin broccoli in the growing season has no more than 65-70 days from the date of planting seedlings. its shortcomings include a small mass of heads (up to 0.25 kg) and short storage. It is recommended to use it immediately or preserve it.
Peking and ornamental cabbage
Some Siberian summer residents cultivate varieties of Beijing cabbage, suitable for Siberia.
- Vesnyanka. This early variety ripens in 35 days after planting by seeds and is ready to withstand small frosts to -10 ° C.
- Orange mandarin. The vegetative period of this cabbage variety is about 40 days and is considered one of the most This is a variety of Beijing cabbage for Siberia gives vegetables weighing up to 1 kg.
Among the decorative varieties, Siberian summer residents adapted to grow an early ripe high-yielding hybrid Victoria. Its heads in weight reach 2 kg. Unpretentious variety Victoria retains productivity even in cold conditions. The decorative varieties Sorceress and Lenok are slightly less popular.