The peculiarity of the climate of the Urals is that the weather is changeable, often cold winds blow, summer is short with an average temperature of 20-22 ° С . Such conditions do not look particularly attractive for growing a thermophilic crop. But a large list of hybrids and varieties allows you to choose peppers for the Urals, which will perfectly grow and bear fruit. And simple agricultural techniques will help to achieve good results in the cultivation of peppers even in cool summer conditions.
How to choose
When choosing varieties of sweet pepper for the Urals, you need to pay attention to the description of the culture to find out what features for her x acteristic. The following species are best suited:
- Determinant (undersized) plants will not consume unnecessary power to build up a large amount of green mass, and in case of cooling, this variety can be easily covered.
- Early ripe (100-120 days) in the conditions of a short summer period they will have time to start and mature.
- Resistant to changes in weather conditions will be able to cope with short-term weather deterioration and temperature drops.
On Urals practice growing peppers both in greenhouses and in open ground. A properly selected variety plays an important role in the successful cultivation of such a southern culture in uncharacteristic climatic conditions.
Through the efforts of breeders, a large number of varieties have been bred that will satisfy these requirements and will please the crop even in the changing weather of the Urals.
Best varieties for the Urals
Among the varieties that are suitable for cultivation in the Urals, it is worth highlighting the best. Pepper varieties for the Urals can be selected depending on the planned planting location and ripening time.
Growing in greenhouses
Often, peppers in the Urals are grown in closed ground. Greenhouses:
All of them are perfect to grow sweet bell peppers. Cultivation in the greenhouse partially simplifies the care of plants in a cool climate.
Dutch hybrid company Seminis. Bushes grow compact, 50-60 cm high with well-developed skeletal branches. This variety is ultra-early, the fruits begin to ripen after 60-70 days from the moment the seedlings are planted in the greenhouse. They have a high and stable yield. On the bush, 9-12 fruits ripen, weighing 180-210 g. The fruits have a cuboid four-chamber shape, at the time of technical ripening they acquire a cream-yellow color, when fully ripe, they have a beautiful uniform yellow color.The thickness of the pulp is 5-9 mm, the length of the fruit is 8-10 cm, the width is 7-8 cm. It has a universal purpose. Appreciated for its good taste and excellent presentation. Resistant to such a disease as tobacco mosaic.
Giganto Ross F1
Large-fruited, medium early hybrid variety (3 months after planting the seeds, you can harvest the first crop). The plant bush is mainly of medium height, develops compactly, does not require formation. Fruits grow weighing more than 250 g, a length of 20-26 cm, walls 7-9 mm saturated red in the stage of biological maturity. They have a cubic shape.
Appreciated both for large fruits and for their pleasant taste, juicy and dense structure. It is rich in vitamin C, and the amount of sugar is about 6%.
Refers to mid-early varieties. Unique long-fruited variety. The fruits grow 30-35 cm long with an average weight of 250 g, even with thick walls up to 1 cm. At the beginning of ripening, it has a vanilla-yellow color, at the moment of reaching biological maturity it acquires dark red. The multiple ovary is like a bunch of bananas. The stage of technical ripeness occurs in 120-130 days. The height of the bush is up to 0.7 m. It has a stable yield of 5-7 kg per 1 sq. M.
The taste of pepper is sweet, the structure of the pulp is uniform, juicy. Good for fresh salads, cooking and preserving.
Refers to semi-determinant varieties with an early ripening period. The height of the bush reaches an average of 90 cm.From the moment of sowing seeds for seedlings to ripening of the first fruits, 110-125 days pass. The fruits are not large, on average they reach a weight of 120 grams, but the variety is distinguished by the highest and most stable yield, among peppers similar in characteristics. With 1 sq. M. You can collect about 10 kg of the crop. The fruits are cubic in shape. The wall thickness is 6-7 mm. At the time of full ripening, they acquire a rich red color and a beautiful glossy shine. Differ in pleasant taste and juicy homogeneous pulp. It tolerates short-term night cooling. Very simple and undemanding to care. It has a high resistance to diseases.
Determinant type, plants grow compact, well developed up to 50 cm in height. The first crop of the Apricot favorite is harvested after 100-105 days. It has a high yield, from one bush you can collect 20-22 fruits weighing 125-150 g. The fruits have a beautiful orange color. The shape is cuboid with a division into four chambers. The skin is dense, but thin with a smooth surface and a wax shine. The wall thickness is on average 6-7 mm. The fruit has a pleasant taste and pronounced aroma.
Peppers of this variety have a unique chocolate brown color. Interested in connoisseurs of exotic-looking vegetables. Cornet matures in 105-115 days from the time of sowing seeds. It has high productivity, more than 3 kg of peppers ripen on one bush. Large-fruited fruits 200-230 g, wall thickness 6-7 mm.The bush is semi-determinant, slightly branched, with few leaves on the plant. This is one of the varieties that even with a bush height of 1-1.5 m mature perfectly in the Urals.
Per 1 sq. Km. m, you can plant up to 5 plants.
For growing in open ground
Despite the capricious weather of the Urals, pepper, with proper agricultural technology and seedling cultivation, grows well and bears fruit in the open
Variety of sweet bell pepper, which has proven itself not only for growing in the Urals, but also in many other regions. Early ripe type (110-120 days), with a very compact and stunted bush 40-50 cm. It has round fleshy fruits, weighing 90-130 g, the walls are thick 1 cm or more, at the time of technical ripeness of green, after 2 weeks it turns red color. Seeds are very small in a shallow seed chamber. Differs in high productivity, on 1 sq.m. ripenes 6-7 kg, which is a very high rate for pepper grown in the open field. It has a universal purpose, suitable for fresh consumption and processing. Gingerbread man is not demanding on care and growing conditions. Resistant to lower temperatures. It rarely suffers from tobacco mosaic, gray rot, and top rot.
Relate to the early ripe type.The bushes are very compact, their height reaches only 30-45 cm. You can plant densely, about 10 bushes can grow on 1 meter using the tape method of planting (between plants 15-20 cm). On a small area allows you to get a high yield. 12-16 fruits ripen on one bush. Which in the stage of absolute maturity are red with an orange tint. The fruits are cuboid, weighing 180-200 g, 10-12 cm long and 7 cm wide. Wall thickness 6 mm. Ripening at the same time, friendly.
Resistant to certain diseases characteristic of peppers:
- gray rot;
- apical rot;
- tobacco mosaic.
You can use the variety as a sealant for tall varieties of pepper, tomato, and eggplant. Eroshka bushes are planted between indeterminate plants.
A high-quality and stress-resistant early variety, from crops to ripening of the first fruits, 105-115 days pass. The bush is semi-determinant, well developed, height up to 70 cm. Planting density of 5 bushes per 1 sq. M. 15-18 fruits with a mass of 120-180 g grow on one bush. They have a conical shape, tapering evenly to the tip. The size of the fruit is 14×8, the wall thickness is 6-8 mm. The ripened fruit is sweet, red. Peppers ripen together. They are distinguished by good taste, universal purpose.
A variety that has established itself well in unstable weather conditions.Relate to early varieties, matures to the stage of technical maturity in 95-110 days, and to biological 110-125 days. It has high yields. On small bushes (up to 70 cm high) 15-18 fruits are tied. Sq. m. collect more than 10 kg of crop. Suitable for tight planting, 5-8 bushes per 1 square meter.
The fruits have a special decorative and good presentation. Sweet fruit grows weighing 180-220 g, with a size of 16×8 cm conical shape with a sharp end. The wall thickness is 5-6 mm. The color of ripe fruits is from light orange to red-orange. Suitable for fresh consumption, home and industrial processing.
Secrets of growing pepper in the Urals
The key to a positive experience in the cultivation of pepper will be:
- right seed sowing time;
- meeting the seedling planting deadlines;
- warming the beds;
- temperature control.
For the successful cultivation of pepper in the Urals, it is better to use the seedling method.
Seeds for seedlings in this region are sown in mid-March for the greenhouse, and in early April for open ground. Do not rush to sow the seeds ahead of schedule, since seedlings of sweet pepper in the Urals can be planted only at the moment when night temperatures stabilize and reach 14-15 C, and the soil warms up enough. This is approximately the middle of May for greenhouses and not earlier than the 20th of May for open ground.Seedlings at the time of planting should be 45-60 days old.
It is important when planting seedlings to warm the beds, this can be done using:
- natural stone;
- plastic water bottles.
In order for the bushes to grow better and not suffer from nighttime temperature drops, the garden is warmed up, for this they practice before planting seedlings in aisles to lay manure. 20-30 cm of soil is removed, cow or horse manure is laid out and covered with removed soil. Apply this method for greenhouses and for open ground. Consumption of 3 kg per 1 sq. M. Also, stones or bottles filled with water are laid out on the bed, which will be heated by the sun in the daytime and will give off heat to the soil at night.
Often, even in the summer, the temperature drops in the daytime below 18-20, low temperatures cause growth retardation of sweet pepper and postpone the ripening time of the fruit. In such a situation, the best option would be to cover the bushes on open beds with agrofiber and additionally insulate the greenhouse with a film or non-woven material.
Modern science in the field of selection and ag oxazolidinone, as well as proper care for growing pepper farmers harvest even in this perilous region for agriculture, as the Urals. Quality grades on the market a large number of seeds. You can plant several different varieties in one season, this will help to finally determine the favorites.