Zucchini is one of the most sought after vegetables by agronomists. It is almost impossible to imagine any garden without it. flax demand for its culture of high productivity, simplicity of cultivation, shorter ripening times and, of course, excellent taste. The best varieties of zucchini are represented by a rather voluminous list from which the most successful ones can be selected taking into account the type of terrain, climatic conditions and the expected collection period.
- How to choose the seeds to plant
- The best varieties
- Belogor <
- Sosnovsky <
- Varieties for the Moscow Region
- Iskander F1
- Tsukesh <
- Delicate marshmallows
- White Bush
- Gold F1
- Varieties for the Urals
- Cavili F1
- Ball <
- Varieties for Siberia
- Gribovsky 37
- Roller <
- Early ripe varieties
- Dry F1
- Hare’s ear
- Amjad <
- Tintoretto <
- Searcher <
- Dream of the mistress
- Orange Miracle
- Exotic <
- Little Kid
- Vanyusha <
- Boatswain <
- Black zucchini
- Middle-ripening cultivars
- Late varieties
- Nevira <
- Maestro <
- Izumrud <
- Patio Star
- Daphne <
- Negro <
- Egyptian strength
- Varieties of foreign selection
- Salvador <
- To summarize
How to choose seeds for planting
The question is which zucchini is best planted on the plot , especially acute for beginners of agricultural work.
The assortment of stores offers a wide selection of seeds (both domestic producers and imports). But is there any significant difference?
- The main distinguishing feature of local seeds is their resistance to low temperatures. Imported from abroad are also adapted to cold, but still remain more susceptible to climate change.
- Imported varieties are characterized by excellent appearance and taste, high productivity.Among the minuses is the need to follow agrotechnical requirements during the growing period without deviations from the established norms. Such “capricious” specimens need special attention of the gardener.
An important aspect when choosing seed is the determination of the place and date of the expected harvest. Therefore, you should first decide on exactly when you want to treat yourself to a vegetable. According to this criterion, early-ripening, mid-ripening and late varieties are distinguished.
Another subtlety in choosing a zucchini is its purpose. If you want to feast on them not only in the summer period, but also to keep it fresh in winter, preference should be given to seasoned varieties that can maintain their taste for several months.
Based on the opinions of experienced gardeners, among a large list of seeds, several recommended species can be distinguished.
An excellent unpretentious option for planting. It combines several basic criteria of vegetable culture. It is considered early ripe and bush. The latter allows you to plant the plant quite compactly, without occupying a large area on the beds.
The Astronomer is unpretentious to the soil properties. However, it is better to plant a seed in the substrate where legumes, potatoes or onions were grown last season.
Fruits with dense pulp weighing up to 1 kg. They have a light green color with white spots. Collected in bunches.
Allowed to grow in greenhouses and outdoors. Resistant to powdery mildew. After the illness, he does not need additional agrotechnical “therapy.”
Designed for both cooking and preserving for the winter.
Early ripening bush hybrid. Mature zucchini cylindrical in shape, weigh up to 1 kg, have a dense fibrous pulp. Differ in unsweetened, slightly fresh taste.
This species loves fertile and well-lit soils. The growing season is average in duration. During the season, you can collect up to 14 kg of fruit with 1 m2. It is susceptible to attacks by whiteflies and various fungi.
Good for canning. It can be stored fresh for up to 6 months. Winter-hardy.
An early-ripening variety with German “roots” was approved by many gardeners due to its good taste and resistance to excess or moisture deficiency.
The pulp is juicy, dense structure. It is covered with dark green skin with small light patches.
It is considered high-yielding – in the summer the bush can bear up to 20 fruits. They grow diamonds both in open ground and in greenhouses.
Designed for cooking, not suitable for conservation.
Self-pollinating ultra-early variety with a non-standard bush shape. The green mass has compact dimensions.
The period from planting seeds to the first fruiting is 35 days.
The zucchini Medusa f1 is characterized by a club shape. The peel is thin, delicate, light green in color. The pulp with a light green tint, sweetish in taste, dense. Inside, there is practically no seed chamber. The average weight reaches 800 g with a length of 25 cm.
Another shrub plant of the Pumpkin family. Appreciated for its high commercial quality. The fruit has a smooth surface with a slightly noticeable ribbing. Color from white to light cream.
The pulp is juicy, fleshy. Zucchini can weigh up to 1.6 kg.
An early ripening, high-yielding variety (up to 13.2 kg per 1 m²). Resistant to angular spotting, rot, powdery mildew.
Varieties for the Moscow Region
Agricultural technology of the Moscow Region is practically no different from the generally accepted throughout the northwest strip.
There are a lot of varieties of vegetables suitable for cultivation in this area. Consider their main characteristics.
Bred by Dutch breeders, is one of the earliest.The period until the first crop is harvested is from 40 to 45 days.
The main advantage of the crop is the yield from one bush, subject to all agricultural work, you can get about 17 kg.
The fruits are presented in a standard cylindrical shape. The color is pale green with a waxy coating. Mature zucchini rarely exceed 500 g in weight and 25 cm in length.
Unlike other imported varieties, it is more resistant to adverse climatic conditions.
It is a variety of zucchini. The advantages of the variety include:
- unpretentiousness to the composition of the soil and the method of cultivation (suitable for both greenhouses and open ground);
- keeping up to several months without loss of taste;
- high yield (from a bush from 12 kg);
- versatility in use (used for raw food, after heat treatment or as an ingredient for preservation).
The variety is fully consistent with its name. It has excellent taste, delicate sweet flesh. Used for fresh salads, cooking hot dishes and pickling. After heat treatment, it does not lose its taste.
It stands out from the rest with its double color, but because of this quality, the species can be confused with the Zebra variety.
A hybrid was developed by Danish breeders. Given the approximately identical location of the “homeland” and the Moscow Region relative to latitude, it perfectly survives in the Central region of Russia.
Refers to early ripening varieties. The average weight of fruits is 900 g, length – 20 cm. The color is white, the vegetable itself resembles a cylinder. Universal in use.
Resistant to disease, fruiting for a long time (up to 2 months), characterized by high productivity.
Zucchini with a powerful green mass, decorated in the form of a bush, and fairly large fruits. The length of a mature vegetable can reach 50 cm, weight – 1.5 kg. It is better to eat relatively young specimens weighing 0.4 kg and a length of 20 cm.
The variety is considered medium early. It takes 45-50 days from the time of planting to harvesting the first fruits.
Varieties for the Urals
The Urals, when compared with the climate of other regions, are characterized by severe conditions, which cannot but affect the cultivation of vegetables. Despite this, getting a good crop of zucchini is quite realistic if you choose the right variety.
Zucchini of Russian selection. He gained popularity due to its unpretentiousness in growing.It is characterized by average productivity – from 7 kg per 1 m². Resistant to local diseases.
The fruits are painted in a dark green color, the presence of small light patches on the skin is allowed.
Used for fresh preparation, for hot dishes and canning for the winter .
Parthenocarpic variety that can bear fruit in rainy cool weather. The first crop appears after 35 days from the moment of determining the seed. It grows equally in open and closed ground.
The fruits are small, rarely exceed 25 cm in length. The hue is light. The pulp is whitish, juicy.
Does not require insect pollination to form ovaries. It tolerates cold, rainy weather, resistant to local diseases of garden crops.
The color is classic for most zucchini – dark green, there are specimens with a barely noticeable spotting.
Got its name in connection with a pot-bellied shape similar to a pumpkin. It has excellent taste characteristics, noted by many gardeners.
Ripening period – 55 days. The bush is quite compact with dissected leaves.
Varieties for Siberia
Regular rains and low temperatures in Siberia are excellent conditions for the spread of rot and fungus. However, gardeners of this area successfully grow zucchini on summer cottage plantations for themselves and for sale. The secret lies in the right variety.
The fruits are elongated, of a dark green color, over time they become almost black. The length of the mature vegetable ranges from 45 to 60 cm.
Pharaoh’s flesh is yellowish, with a sweet aftertaste.
A distinctive feature is good cold resistance. Not susceptible to the disease of gray rot.
Squash is white-fruited, gradually acquires a greenish tint. Universal to use. The fruits are medium-sized, up to 29 cm in length and 1.3 kg in weight. The form is standard, it resembles a cylinder, in the area of the stalk characteristic ribbing. The pulp is medium density.
The bush is highly developed, the maximum size of the petiole is 32 cm. It is not susceptible to bacteriosis, rot and powdery mildew. The relative vegetative period is 46-57 days.
Unpretentious white-fruited handsome, perfectly tolerates long-term storage and transportation.A yield of about 9 kg per 1 m² is satisfactory for the Urals. He feels comfortable in the open ground.
Early ripe varieties
A distinctive feature is the relatively short ripening period of the fruit of the crop. These are the first vegetables that appear on the beds.
The period from planting seeds to the first fruits is 40-45 days. The plant is characterized by all the characteristics of hybrid varieties.
Fruits are light with a light green tint, with dense juicy pulp. Weight – from 0.4 to 1 kg, grows no more than 18 cm in length.
Suitable as an ingredient for hot dishes, caviar and preservation for the winter.
A distinctive feature is its high resistance to drying out of the soil. Advantages also include the property of zucchini not overgrowing due to its inability to stretch, even if the fruits have not been harvested all season.
The pulp has a light, with a beige hue. The peel is painted in a light green color with rare light spots. The shape is long, cylindrical. The surface is smooth.
The weight of the fetus reaches 1.5 kg. Taste characteristics are excellent. Casanova is used both in cooking and as a component of harvesting.
The biological maturity of the crop falls on the 45-50th day.
Fruits greenish with a brown tint, resemble a cylinder.”Inside” is quite dense, very juicy. Spreading bush.
Universal for cooking. It can be used fresh in salads.
It grows poorly on heavy and acidic soils. When all agricultural conditions are met, it is characterized by high productivity.
A variety of zucchini. It is characterized by a very early fruit ripening period. Resistant to temperature fluctuations.
Has a cylindrical-shaped fruit, painted in saturated green with white blotches. It does not exceed 18 cm in size. The flesh contains a high dry matter content and is characterized by a good texture.
An early zucchini of zucchini variety, which is technically mature after 48 -50 days. It has an unusual fruit shape resembling a pumpkin or a ball.
Has won approval among gardeners due to the stability of the crop, excellent taste, good keeping quality and portability.
Fruits grow to 2 , 2 kg. The color changes as it ripens from light green to saturated yellow with a splash.
The first harvest begins on the 35th day of vegetation. The average yield is up to 12 kg per 1 m2.The pulp is of a dense structure, creamy.
It is distinguished from other varieties by an interesting color, consisting of green spots of different saturation.
Refers to the number hybrids. It differs in good germination regardless of weather conditions. The body of the zucchini is elongated, with a slightly pronounced ribbing. Glossy skin is painted in an unsaturated green color with rare darker inclusions.
Resistant to disease and temperature changes. Suitable for any kind of processing. It is characterized by high commercial qualities.
A thin graceful zucchini, in the fruits of which there is practically no seed box due to its small diameter of 3.5 cm.
The first fruits appear after 40 days from the moment of embedding the seed material.
Suitable for eating raw.
Zucchini Embassy F1 Zedek is painted in green, has a cylindrical shape. Technical ripeness occurs when the fruit reaches a size of 20 cm and a weight of 1 kg (vegetation – 49 days).
If necessary, keep it in a suitable form for consumption until winter, it is grown up to 80 cm.
Dream of the hostess
Ultra-ripening variety (from the time of seed placement to the collection of the first vegetables – 45 days). The fruits have a matte bright surface. The pulp is dense, not without juiciness.The variety is considered dietary.
Resistant to gray rot, anthracnose, powdery mildew.
Hybrid, mass fruiting which is observed on 42 days from the moment of planting of the seed material. It features a powerful root system.
Transportable, resistant to damage during collection. The fruits are oblong, light green.
The leader in taste among zucchini. From seedlings to the first harvest 48-52 days.
By weight, the fruits do not exceed 1.5 kg. Painted green with a dark shade. The surface is smooth.
Suitable for cultivation in any climatic conditions. Ideal predecessors are nightshade, onions.
A very beautiful, completely unpretentious variety with rich yellow fruits. The maximum length is 38 cm with a weight of 1.5 kg. Harvesting begins in early July.
Ideal for fresh use and for winter conservation.
A mixture of early ripe zucchini of various shapes and colors from the famous brand Gavrish. So selected that all varieties in the composition have almost the same weight up to 1 kg.
Young ovaries can be used raw as an ingredient in salads, large mature specimens can be stored for 4 months in a cool place.
Despite in its name, associated with mini gherkins, it is characterized by rather impressive dimensions of the fruit, which can reach 60 cm in length and weigh about 1.4 kg.
The duration of the growing season is 37-40 days.
Hybrid with standard cylindrical fruits of deep green colors. It grows to 30 cm.
Designed for cultivation in the open field.
Zucchini General has a smooth plain skin saturated green color with pale spots and yellow flesh with a pleasant aroma.
Fruiting begins on day 43. Ideal for workpieces.
Designed for cooking diet foods. Growth zone Russia, Ukraine, Moldova.
The fruits are white, the flesh is a soft yellow shade of medium density. The surface is ribbed. Technical maturity occurs on day 44. Relative weight – 0.6-1.3 kg.
Aliya is a good choice for summer residents. It has excellent taste. The first ovaries appear on the 49th day. The variety is resistant to many diseases and viruses, is able to withstand damage from small hail.
Very tasty round zucchini with a diameter of up to 14 cm. The bush is small, with numerous ovaries. Beginning of fruiting starts from 40 days. The peel does not coarse for a long time.
It is recommended to collect young specimens of medium dimensions. Great for roasting in general, stuffing.
Elegant zucchini with light skin and delicate, very juicy pulp. The bushes are semi-planar. Productivity from 5 to 8.5 kg. Resistant to standard culture diseases.
The white-fruited Baby is one of the early vegetables. Ovary formation begins on the 38th day after seeding.
Fruits are standard in shape, weight in most cases does not exceed 1 kg. Used for diet food, canning.
The growing season is 47-50 days. The leaves are large, protect against overheating and sharp temperature fluctuations. The fruits are spotty, the main color is light green. The shape is elongated with a slightly protruding ribbing.
An excellent option for large-scale production.
An unusual pear-shaped fruit, something reminiscent of a bird with a curved neck. The surface of Krukneck is covered with pimples.
It is preferable to eat fruits in the ovary phase, not exceeding 10 cm. Zucchini can be stewed, fried, and pickled. It also acts as the main ingredient for delicious caviar.
The plant is light-loving, can tolerate short-term dryness. It is susceptible to temperature fluctuations and dies even from light frosts.
The variety has large pentagonal leaves located on strong peduncles. The fruits correspond to the characteristics characteristic of zucchini. The peel is thin, bright green in color with intermittent, darker stripes.
Kuand is versatile in cooking and is well preserved after collection. It is cold-resistant, immune to most pests and fungi.
Small enough squash compared to “relatives”, not exceeding 0.4 weight kg The bush is compact.
The first crop appears after 38 days.
A round hybrid of dark green color with white spots. The maximum weight of the pumpkin is 1.3 kg. It has high immunity, is transportable, and is stored perfectly in the winter in the basement.
The variety stands out with its rich malachite color. The skin is thin, delicate.Extremely fast ripening is characteristic (35-42 days). It is perfectly stored for a long time.
The fruits are quite actively gaining weight and can reach 4 kg. The pulp is very tasty, white, juicy. The bark is dark green. They are characterized by high productivity up to 11 kg with 1 sq. 2. For long-term storage, it is recommended to collect overripe fruits with a roughened surface.
Varieties of medium ripening
In order to please yourself with fresh zucchini as long as possible throughout the summer, next to the early specimens it is necessary to plant species with later fruiting, observed on average 2 months from the time of seed placement in the soil.
Mid-early zucchini with fairly large fruits, which by weight 3 kg can grow. Painted in dark green. The pulp is light on the cut.
Allowed to be grown everywhere, needs careful care.
Amazing zucchini, spaghetti type. Caruso pulp of low juiciness, breaks up into fibers when cut, outwardly resembles long pasta. The aerial part is climbing.
The first crop is 57 days after the seeds have fully germinated.
Technical maturity comes on 53-58 days. The green mass is represented by a bush with a small number of lashes and serrated leaf.
The fruit has a blue-green color; as it ripens, a lighter diffuse spotting may appear. The pulp of the fibrous structure. Weight up to 1.2 kg.
Such varieties are excellent for long-term storage and winter preservation. Moreover, if species of different fruiting periods grow on the garden, fresh vegetables will be present on the table all summer.
It is distinguished by high decorative qualities. The main lash can reach 15 m, so many gardeners plant this variety along the fences.
The fruits of the serpentine Chinese zucchini have a non-standard club-shaped or very elongated shape. In most cases, spotty.
Flowering occurs until frost. The growing season is 3 months
The notion that the parthenocarpic variety and self-pollinated is the same concept is wrong. In this case, we are talking about a culture that forms ovaries that do not require pollination, and later fruits without a seed box.
It has a powerful root system. The degree of ovary formation is high. The variety is adapted for cultivation in film shelters.Pumpkin light green color of a smooth cylindrical shape. The maximum length is 16 cm.
It perfectly tolerates temperature fluctuations and is characterized by a high degree of keeping quality. The bush simultaneously forms 3-5 ovaries. Fruits are light in color, uniform, not exceeding 0.5 kg in weight.
The variety is ultra-early, the first crop appears 40 days after germination. Productivity – 7-11 kg per 1 m².
Shade-tolerant hybrid, able to adapt to lower temperatures. The fruits are elongated, reaching a length of 45 cm with a weight of just over 1 kg. The vegetation period is 42 days.
Shrub variety with a growing season of 40-45 days. Ovary forms female. Fruits are cylindrical, dark green with dense white flesh. Saturated with vitamins, mineral salts.
Yield up to 9 kg per bush. The plant is not stressed at low temperatures.
Zucchini with an excellent taste of pulp, characterized by a special juiciness. Fruits are bright yellow in color with a maximum weight of 0.8 kg.
The plant is shaped like a bush with several short stems. Forms flowers mainly female type. Biological maturity occurs after 41-45 days.
A bush plant with a short main lash. The leaves are large, dissected.The fruit is saturated green, oblong in shape. By weight grows no more than 1.4 kg. The yield from the bush is from 1.7 to 5 kg.
The fruits of the vegetable marrow are dull, milky. Average weight 1 kg. The pulp is dense, with excellent taste. The Mountain variety is ideal for the preparation of caviar and canning. The growing season is 45 days.
White-fruited Malchugan has a rather short ripening period – 36-38 days.
Several fruits of up to 1.8 kg are tied at once in the bush. The flesh is sweetish. He feels comfortable with a short drop in temperature.
Mid-early bush variety with a height of not more than 45 cm. The fruits are fragrant, with cream-colored flesh and a thin green peel. . Zucchini in mass grow no more than 1 kg.
Recommended for planting in pots or planters both in the garden and in multi-storey buildings on the balcony.
An extremely early bush hybrid with a vegetation period of 30-35 days. Small plant, open. The fruits are light green, the flesh is white.
It is characterized by long fruiting even at low temperatures.
An early hybrid (40-45 days) with beige pulp and bark. It is characterized by high productivity. Demanding on heat, light and humidity.
Suitable for home cooking and preservation.
A powerful plant, characterized by early ripening of fruits (42-45 days). Resistant to anthracnose and powdery mildew. It has high rates of keeping quality. The fruits are striped, several green shades. The length can reach 80 cm.
Among the advantages of the variety distinguish excellent transportability and keeping quality.
The shape of the fruit is cylindrical, up to 20 cm in length . The weight of one instance is on average 350 g. The pulp has a delicate texture. It is characterized by a compact bush, short growing season (45 days) and friendly giving of ovaries.
This kind of zucchini is suitable for any culinary ideas, as well as for winter sunsets.
Ultra-early zucchini, refers to hybrids. The bush is upright, open. The fruits are green, uniform color. Preserve commercial quality even after overgrowing. The first crop appears after 35 days from the moment of seed germination. Ideal for pickles and canning.
Green zucchini with a diameter of not more than 5 cm, the size does not exceed 22. The skin is thin, smooth. The pulp is sweetish, crispy.
The growing season is 50 days. During flowering, female flowers predominate.
The high yield of the variety is associated with the delivery of several fruits weighing up to 1.2 kg at once. The color is green, saturated, with the presence of lighter spots.
Technical maturity occurs on the 50th day from the moment of planting the seeds.
Differs in compact dimensions. Fruits with dense pulp, the skin is thin, striped, light green color. The first pumpkins appear after 40 days. Collected by the very last are able to lie without loss of quality until the next season.
It is considered one of the most productive varieties. The fruits are light green, the skin is thin. The variety is one of the first generation hybrids. Technical maturity begins on day 43.
Resistant to various types of mosaics and powdery mildew.
Ideal for open ground. The aerial part has compact dimensions and is represented by strongly dissected leaves with characteristic bright spots.
Fruits in the form of an elongated cylinder, a deep green-black hue with white patches.
Yield: about 10 kg from one bush.
The name of the variety is justified by the high yield, which reaches a peak in July.
The fruits are striped. In the state of ovaries, they are used instead of cucumbers for fresh salads. Able to tolerate lower temperatures. The pulp is dense, crispy.
Varieties of foreign selection
One of the best selection results Dutch agronomists. Considered an early ripe hybrid, it is not susceptible to powdery mildew.
Fruits are medium, dark green with uniform flesh. When exposed to high temperatures, elongation may occur.
A Dutch hybrid that can bear up to 14 kg of bush. Taste excellent juicy the flesh has a delicate texture and light sweetness. Until the fruit ripens, it takes 45 days from the time of planting the seed. The average weight of one vegetable marrow is 600 g.
Considered zucchini varieties are considered the most popular. Gardeners have left many positive reviews about them. Choosing the most suitable option for yourself, you can be sure of a tasty and rich harvest.