The composition of the pumpkin and its calorie content

The composition of the pumpkin and its calorie content

Pumpkin is a healthy and nutritious product that is well known in dietetics. This vegetable was brought to Russia from Mexico in the 16th century, and he immediately fell in love with all the townsfolk. In ancient times, it was cooked, languished in a Russian oven, and cereals and soups were prepared from it. Nowadays, the product is widely used to maintain immunity and as a healthy diet. But you need to consider that the calorie content of pumpkin varies from the method of preparation and variety.

The composition of the pumpkin and its calorie content

Composition of the pumpkin and its calorie content

How many calories are in the pumpkin

Pumpkin is 10% organic acids and food it (fiber), so it is great for eating with inflammation of the digestive tract, as well as with anemia with persistent iron deficiency.

The calorie content of raw pumpkin is low: only 28 kcal per 100 g.

But this indicator is not constant, because There are many varieties of this useful vegetable that differ in taste, properties and calorie content.

Consider the most common:

  • Butternut is an early ripening variety, bred in 1960. This is a product with an oily texture and a pleasant nutty flavor. Calorie content per 100 g is 45 kcal.
  • Muscat is one of the most delicious varieties, but in our country it grows only in the southern regions, because is a very heat-loving culture.This name was received for its peculiar taste and aroma. The calorie content is the same as the Butternut variety.

In the baked

Baking is the most common way of cooking. This process takes place at a temperature of 180 °, just 15 minutes in the oven and a tasty healthy dish is ready.

Nutritional value: 27 kcal. But if you add a little sugar, the figure can increase significantly and range from 60 to 120 calories per 100 g.

Tip! If the pulp of the pumpkin is soft, it can be eaten raw (with the addition of honey) or put in the microwave for 5 minutes and bake. The energy value of the dish will be 55 kcal, besides it is very good for health.

In boiled

Boiled pumpkin has a minimum calorie content of 25 kcal. The pulp is subjected to heat treatment, for this it is dipped in a pot of water and boiled for half an hour.

In the stewed

Not all pumpkins can be consumed in their pure form, so many stew, calorie content of such a product: 30 kcal per 100 g.

What is included in the composition

Inside the pumpkin seeds contains essential and fatty oil, which includes acid glycerides:

  • oleic;
  • linoleic;
  • polymethine;
  • stearic.

The chemical composition of the pumpkin (per 100 g) is presented in the table:

Namemg
Vitamin PP0.5
Vitamin A (ER)2, 50
Beta-carotene1.5
Vitamin B1, B2, B5, B6, B90.05-0.06-0.4-1.6-1.4 respectively
Vitamin E (TE)0.4
Vitamin Ceight
Other vitamins1.6

Vitamin C, which is quite large in pumpkin, is needed by the body in late autumn and winter.

Vitamin B group allows you to deal with stressful situations, mouth awn, irritability. A nervous breakdown was taken aback – drink pumpkin juice, it will perfectly calm the nervous system.

Vitamins E and A – not only relieve skin diseases, but also help fight wrinkles and early aging, while hair and nails will strong and healthy.

A substance such as Carotene, contained in the product, improves vision, prevents the spread of cancer cells. Vitamin K is a natural antibiotic that is much more beneficial than synthetic drugs.

Macronutrients

Namemg
Calcium25
Sodiumfour
Potassium204
Sulfureighteen
Chlorinenineteen
Phosphorus25
Magnesiumfourteen

Microelements

  1. Iron 0.4 mg
  2. Zinc 0.24 mg
  3. Iodine 1 mcg
  4. Copper 180 mcg
  5. Manganese 0.04 mg
  6. Cobalt 1 mcg
  7. Fluorine 86 mcg

BJU

The vegetable is suitable for dietary nutrition

Vegetable suitable for diet

  • Proteins 1.0 g.
  • Fats 0.10 g.
  • Carbs odes 4.40 g.

This kbzhu confirms that fresh pumpkin can be used in dietary nutrition.

In addition to this, the composition contains the following substances :

  1. Water 91.8 g.
  2. Starches 0.2 g.
  3. Organic acids 0.1 g.
  4. Disaccharides 4.2 g.

Useful properties

Pumpkin is a real pharmacy that contains medicinal components for many diseases, it:

  • dilates blood vessels;
  • has anti-inflammatory properties;
  • promotes wound healing;
  • cleanses the body of toxins and toxins new.

In addition, regular use of raw pulp contributes to:

  • normalization of the digestive tract;
  • improve metabolism;
  • normalization of water-salt balance;
  • beneficial effects on the nervous system.

In recent studies, it was found that this product prevents the spread of tubercle bacillus, removes toxins from the body and minimizes the presence of harmful cholesterol in the blood. It is also a means to slow aging.

Interesting fact! Pumpkin seeds help get rid of parasites in the body.

Pumpkin is useful in the following diseases:

  • gout;
  • atherosclerosis;
  • diseases of the intestines and biliary tract;
  • kidney disease;
  • diseases of the MPS;
  • various kinds of infections;
  • constipation and hemorrhoids;
  • diabetes;
  • overweight;
  • skin diseases and acne;
  • dandruff;
  • tonsillitis and acute respiratory infections ;
  • cardiovascular diseases.

Glycemic index

Coefficient on the action of which the concentration of sugar in the bloodstream when used Use by product, called the glycemic index

The highest rate of 100 units -. is the index of pure glucose. Pumpkin contains 75 units. At the same time, this indicator does not decrease from heat treatment.

This means that you should not eat a vegetable daily, especially for patients with diabetes. You should limit yourself to 1 time per week, use in small quantities.

To summarize

So, we found out that such indicators as useful the composition of the pumpkin and its low calorie content make it possible to consider it a dietary product (and a high proportion of proteins is also nutritious).

But at the same time, you should pay attention to the glycemic index of the vegetable – it is quite high, so diabetics need to consult a doctor before eating.

The chemical composition of the pulp speaks of many healing properties for the body. Pumpkin dishes are indispensable in the winter: they will increase immunity and will be the prevention of many diseases.

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Anna Evans

Author ✓ Farmer

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