The principle of operation of disk hills for walk-behind tractor

Modern technical equipment allows you to accelerate the pace of agricultural work and facilitate human labor when planting vegetables. Choppers and other hand tools require a lot of physical effort and time. A disk hiller for a walk-behind tractor is an indispensable assistant for a vegetable grower who grows fruits of potatoes and other crops in large areas and wants to improve the planting process.

Принцип работы дисковых окучников для мотоблока

Principle of operation of disk hills for the motoblock

Varieties of hills

Okuchnik is intended for sprinkling of moist soil to the stems of the plant and its loosening. The device serves as a weed weed in the cutting and backfilling of the furrow for the tractor before planting potatoes. The quality and quantity of the future harvest depends on the literacy of the hilling work.

The farm uses several types of devices: with a fixed and selective working width, a propeller type and a disk hiller. Which one is better depends on what you need it for. The former do not allow you to adjust the width of the furrow, having installed 25-30 cm. Suitable for combined use with small and not too powerful cultivating devices. Due to the fragile design, such models are not suitable for working with hard and wet soil.

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Adjustable aggregates are loved by potato growers, suitable for large fields, and have a high energy consumption.

The type of disk hiller for walk-behind tractor is widespread among potato seeders, suitable for large fields, and has a high energy consumption. There are multi-disc ones.

Propeller devices are able to cut the ground with their paws, spur the furrows of the plant and weed the weeds from the potatoes. They are comfortable in operation, but are suitable only for devices with dual gear and without disks.

About the device

The mechanism of the disk hiller for a walk-behind tractor consists of a leash, a pair of racks, disks and tensioning devices. The latter adjust the angle of attack of the parallel tilt of the discs. Comfortable use of the device is ensured by the correct installation of these disks: the distance between their lower circles should be equal to the distance between the rows. The desired diameter of the hiller itself is 340-390 cm, its wheels are 75 cm, width is up to 10 cm. Observing such parameters, it is possible to protect plants from mechanical damage.

Appearance of the disk hiller for a walk-behind tractor is a two-wheeled frame with a suspended chain a pair of drives. Among its functions are pre-sowing and post-harvest soil cultivation, inter-row cultivation and use as a cultivator.

Terms of use

Оборудование позволит получать удовольствие от работы

The equipment will allow you to enjoy the work

In operation, the hiller disk for the walk-behind tractor is simple. It is important to properly configure it before hilling.The distance between the lower and upper angles is increased by 2 times, rearranging racks and bolts from the disks in the recesses of the leash. To maintain the balance of the unit, turn the single-row clamp at the same angle.

  • Sets the width between the discs. To simplify the rotation of the clamps, a large washer is laid between their ears and the strap of the leash. A bolt is threaded through it, and an angle of attack is tightened with another washer. The second is lowered by half a turn and covered with the third.
  • Attaching the clamp and strap to the disk hiller. The device is connected to the walk-behind tractor via the hitch fastener without a longitudinal beam. The leash is held, thanks to the stopper and the flat bolts on which the fastener pipe is mounted, while the bolts press the leash against the outer pipe. So the bracket along the longitudinal line rotates to the required level.
  • Attaching a disk hiller to the walk-behind tractor. Optimum gearing is carried out at reduced speed. Craving increases. To prevent the wheels from slipping, they are pre-mated.

The work of an automatic disk hiller is based on the principle of soil capture by disks during their movement and the formation of a roller in the process of hilling and sprinkling vegetables with soil. The advantage is compactness, comfortable operation, less energy consumption when hilling potatoes, even processing of ridges.The price of the device varies, depending on the size of the disks, the material, the adjusting mechanism, the equipment with either a cascade-shaped hole or rolling bearings.

Self-made

The agricultural market provides a wide selection of hillers, among which there are models of a disk hiller for the motoblock LAN, Neva, Standard Tselina 010409, Bulat, MTZ, Patriot, Cascade, Salute, Sungarden. This useful device is expensive (this applies to the widespread Neva), so not every owner can afford it. Having minimal skills in assembling mechanisms and armed with drawings, it is easy to make a hiller yourself.

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To assemble the homemade product you will need 4 main components: a disk (2 pcs.), A two-row rack (2 pcs.), A screw tensioner (2 pcs. .) and a T-shaped leash. As a material, you will need a steel metal template with a thickness of 1.5-2 mm.

The role of tensioning devices is to adjust the rotation of the discs. Facilitating the process helps the installation of discs at a distance identical to the wheel gauge and the width between the rows.To ensure balance and adjustment, the discs are installed as symmetrically as possible:

  • the hilling machine is attached to the walk-behind tractor using a sliding bracket;
  • with adjustable bolts and a stopper, the hiller is connected to the edge of the bracket;
  • the stopper is placed in a square tube, a clamp is made outside;
  • the console is unfolded with bolts;
  • the leash is screwed on the leash along the longitudinal axis of inclination.

Also, a disk hiller for a walk-behind tractor is made from covers from old pots or seeders. Their diameter should not exceed 60 cm.

The covers are ground around and bent with a hammer. One side should be convex, the other should be hollow, so that the disk touches the soil and sprinkles nearby bushes. Lids are connected to each other by adapters and welded to the stand, leash and lanyards. Next, the actions are performed as described above.

Disc hiller on the NEVA MB walk-behind tractor
DIY hoe for a walk-behind tractor
DIY hoes for a walk-behind tractor

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Conclusion

It is easy to make a disk hiller on a walk-behind tractor at home. A clear drawing of the device and step-by-step instructions help to construct this simple, irreplaceable vegetable dstve device and optimize potato hilling.

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Anna Evans

Author ✓ Farmer

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