Some gardeners prefer to grow seedlings for cabbage at home or in a greenhouse, for fear of using the seedling method. Others believe that both methods are good, and their effectiveness depends on the type and variety of the vegetable. Consider when it is best to plant cabbage for seedlings and how to do it correctly.
- Landing time selection
- Planting of different varieties
- Recommended dates
- Lunar calendar
- Adverse days
- Preparing for sowing
- Seeds <
- Care <
- Transplant rules
- Useful information
Sowing cabbage for seedlings should take into account the ripening period of each species and variety of ov Of great importance is the ripening time of the seedlings themselves: they achieve the optimum age for transplanting into open ground or in a greenhouse. You need to sow cabbage in accordance with the climatic conditions characteristic of the region. It is resistant to cold, but some of its varieties and types are heat-loving.
The timing of sowing cabbage seeds for seedlings depends on the place of cultivation. The heat-loving variety feels good in the apartment, but the cold-resistant variety is too hot – it needs to be planted at a later date, and then taken out of the house to the street, to the greenhouse or to the balcony.
Planting of different varieties
Early ripening varieties of white and red-headed (purple) cabbage yield 3 months after sowing seeds.Mid-season varieties need about 5 months to reach maturity. Late – about 6 months.
Seedlings of red cabbage varieties are usually ready for planting 1.5-2 months after sowing seeds.
Early white cabbage is also transplanted after 1.5-2 months, mid-season – in a month and a half, and later – in a month.
Brussels gives a crop in 4 months. After sowing cabbage seeds, seedlings need 1.5 months to ripen. Different varieties of broccoli give fruit after 3-5 months, and young plants can be transplanted into the open ground after a month and a half.
Kohlrabi fruits ripen in 3 months, and seedlings can be planted a month after sowing. The Beijing variety produces crops in 3 months, and the seedlings of this cabbage become strong and ready for planting in 3 weeks.
Planting cauliflower seedlings is carried out a month and a half after germination, and this species matures in 3-6 months, depending on the variety.
Sow cabbage seeds in mid-April, it is better to go directly to the greenhouse under arcs. This is the easiest way in which you do not need to transplant plants and carry boxes from home to the street once again. Suitable temperature conditions are created in the greenhouse: before seed germination – 20 ° C, after germination – 15 ° C, and then – 8 ° C. The advantage of this approach is the good coverage of young plants.
Some gardeners prefer to plant cabbage seeds for seedlings at the end of March and at first (before germination) keep a box or peat cups at home. Oktyabrina Ganichkina, known to all gardeners, uses this method: she plants seeds in an ordinary box, and after germination takes it out to the street and shelters it. An exception to the rule is the planting of cauliflower on seedlings. This thermophilic vegetable prefers a temperature of 20-22 ° C throughout the entire seedling period: he does not like either too high or too low temperatures. Cauliflower is planted in seedlings from the last decade of March until mid-April, and planted in the ground in the first half of May.
Cabbage seedlings will grow healthy and strong if sown on favorable dates of the lunar calendar.
Given the influence of the phases of the moon on the movement of liquids, vegetables with an aerial part are sown on the growing moon.
If necessary transplant or transplant vegetables, also choose the period of the growing phase.
In March 2018, it is better to plant seeds 18, 20, 21 but. In April, seeds can be sown on the 4th, 5th, 6th, and also 8, 9, 10. In the second half of April, seeds can be sown on the 20th, 21st, 22nd, and 23rd (these days are suitable for transplanting young plants into the greenhouse). In May, plants can be planted 8, 12, as well as from 19 to 24 number.
A vegetable does not rise and grow well if it is sown or planted on unfavorable days according to the lunar calendar. It is not necessary to sow March 16 and 30, April 15, 16, 17, 29 and 30. In May, unsuccessful days for transplanting and sowing are 14, 15, 16, and the vegetables are not sown or transplanted on May 28, 29 and 30.
Preparing for sowing
Prepare a container, seeds and ground in advance. In order to save space, you can use a wooden box, but some gardeners plant plants separately: in pots or cut bottles, peat cups, tablets, snails. (The latter allows the root system to be protected as much as possible during transplantation.) An earthen substrate can be prepared from ordinary garden soil, compost and peat (2: 1: 1). It is useful to add sawdust (to improve the structure) and wood ash (to increase the nutritional properties of the earth).
Using a purchased substrate, make sure that the soil is not acidic. To reduce acidity, slaked lime is added to the soil. The earth mixture, prepared independently, is pre-treated with a manganese solution in order to reduce the risk of pests and diseases during the growing of vegetables.
First of all, the seeds are checked, then the treatment .They are checked in salt water, rejecting the pop-ups. Treatment-disinfection is carried out with a weak solution of manganese for half an hour. The scheme of planting seeds in a box implies maintaining a distance between grooves of 3 cm, between seeds – 2-3 cm. Each seed is sown to a depth of 1 cm.
The correct air temperature for planting during this period is 20 ° C. After 3-5 days, the seeds give the first seedlings. After the bulk of the seeds has germinated, the temperature is lowered to 8-15 ° C. Since this is problematic in the apartment, the boxes are transferred daily to the balcony or to the street under shelter.
Caring for sprouted cabbage seedlings includes additional highlighting, as well as moderate watering , proper feeding, diving (if necessary) and hardening. Growing seedlings requires moderate watering as the top layer of the soil dries.
Lack of moisture at this stage slows growth and reduces yield, increases the risk of black leg disease.
Dive after the appearance of the second leaf.
Top dressing is performed 2 times: during the development of the second leaf and 2 weeks before the planting date. 10-12 days before the alleged transplant into the garden, the plants are tempered. They are left longer and longer outdoors, and in the last 5 days they have been taken outside for the night.
Young cabbage is planted only after it appears 3-5 leaves.Delaying with a transplant is also not worth it, because overgrown plants do not give a good harvest. blockquote>
Usually in early varieties the head of cabbage is small, so the correct distance between holes is 45-50 cm, and between rows is 60 cm (for mini heads, the distance can be reduced). For medium late and late varieties giving large heads of cabbage, the distance between the holes should be 60 cm, and between the rows – 70 cm.
Plants are transplanted on a cool cloudy day, morning or evening. They dig a hole to the depth of the shovel, fill it with water, put a seedling in it together with an earthen lump. It is easy with plants in peat pots or tablets, and with those that have grown in a box, care should be taken not to damage the fragile roots. Caring for seedlings after transplanting involves thorough watering and mulching: the soil is well watered, covered with a layer of dry earth, compost, wood ash.
This vegetable is possible and winter th sowing. Seeds are sown in late autumn for winter, using special varieties of winter cabbage. In spring, the awakened seeds are carefully covered, monitoring the access of light and air. Vegetables grow resistant to frost and ripen a month earlier than spring counterparts.
Beijing the variety is valuable with tasty leaves, but sometimes it goes in color, not having time to form a full head out. The reason for this is too early planting in open ground, and therefore the plant falls under a period of low temperatures and long daylight hours. Vegetables often bloom if sown in the summer.
The best predecessors for white varieties are cucumbers, tomatoes and potatoes, for kohlrabi – corn and beets, for cauliflower – onions and potatoes, for Beijing, Chinese, Brussels and broccoli – legumes, cucumbers and carrots.
In recent years, decorative cabbage has become especially popular, seedlings for which can also be grown in a greenhouse or on a windowsill. It is recommended to sow it in late March or early April, and a month later – to plant in open ground. This vegetable looks very impressive, resembling large exotic flowers of various shapes and colors.