Those farmers who have chicken farming need to be prepared to counteract various diseases of their living creatures, one of which is oviduct prolapse. One of the most common feathered diseases is prolapse of the oviduct in chickens. Layers are the most susceptible to the disease, bringing farmers a large income from the eggs they receive.The ability to lay eggs is a very important and complex physiological process, it can often be impaired due to the development of pathologies of the oviduct.
- What is salpingitis
- Causes of the disease
- Signs of the disease
- Diagnosis of the disease in poultry
- Methods of treatment
- Preventive measures
Most e often such a breed is affected salpingitis. This is called inflammation of the oviduct, as a result of which it eventually drops out. Such ailments can affect the overall health of birds, including the ability to lay eggs. If there is inflammation of the cloaca and oviduct in chickens, this process will decrease in proportion to the development of the disease, if the oviduct falls out, then you need to do something, otherwise the possibility of obtaining eggs will disappear.
What is salpingitis
To date, there are no specific sources giving an idea of the origin of such a disease in birds, but there is an opinion that the disease appeared during the domestication of chickens.Among the reasons can be attributed to the environment of the animal, as well as the action of the most dangerous microorganism – staphylococcus, which is very common in places where chickens live.
Salpingitis is considered a dangerous disease that can cause huge losses to the household. The chicken productivity in terms of egg production depends on this disease. With especially neglected forms, without treatment by a veterinarian, the disease can cause the death of all chickens, which increases the losses for the farmer, since the meat of a dead chicken is considered unsuitable for consumption. For a more detailed look at what salpingitis looks like in chickens, see the photo.
Causes of the disease
When the oviduct prolapse occurs in hens, consider the causes of the disease. There are several factors that increase the risk of organ damage by inflammatory processes. These include:
- Poor feeding of hens. If there is a lack of the necessary dose of calcium, beneficial vitamins and choline in the feed, the laying hen is more likely to get this disease.
- Quite often, oviduct inflammation can develop as a result of shock, falls from a height or due to a broken channel integrity. In young laying hens, a gap can occur due to eggs that are too large in size, which simply cannot pass painlessly through the canal. Such a large egg can remain inside the oviduct for a long time, which causes ruptures and inflammation of the organ.
- Salpingitis can be caused by a completely different disease and not such as inflammation of the oviduct canal. The presence of another infection is very likely to lead to organ inflammation. Inflammation of the cloaca, for example, often develops into salpingitis.
- Complications in case of a prolapsed oviduct. This problem is widespread and widespread in layers. This can happen due to deficiencies of vitamins such as D and E in the body of the laying hen, which causes disturbances in the microflora of the affected organ. When the oviduct falls out, it will have to be in the external environment, where you can find a lot of pathogenic microscopic organisms that begin to occupy the organ, causing further inflammation.
Signs of the disease
The most obvious symptom indicating such an oviduct disease is rapid fat deposition. This process can be called unequivocal evidence that the bird does not lay eggs due to salpingitis. The first stage involves the pathology of fat metabolism. Clinical analysis in poultry revealed an elevated level of compounds such as cholesterol and choline. Over time, these elements begin the process of accumulation in the body of chickens, which becomes the cause of rapid weight gain. Treatment is best started at this stage.
The second stage of inflammation of the oviduct canal is accompanied by a violation of the metabolic process, as well as a malfunction of the internal organs of the hen. At this stage, chickens’ appetite worsens, bowel movements become difficult, and the pet becomes tired. The final stage often ends in disrepair. When opening the body of a sick individual, liver problems are detected. Such changes occur due to metabolic disorders.
Diagnosis of the disease in poultry
Diagnosis of the disease is possible by observing the birds by analyzing how the egg is laid and according to the results of the analysis. An ailment tends to occur in two forms: acute and chronic. In a smaller number of cases, the disease proceeds without pronounced symptoms, due to which certain deviations in the condition and behavior should be checked through laboratory blood tests. Mostly this can occur in the case of a chronic course of the disease.
In the case of acute forms of the disease in a bird, the number of eggs produced per day decreases. In this case, treatment should be carried out immediately if at least one sign is detected.
It happens that the egg is stuck and does not fall out, or the channel where the egg comes from in the laying hens. At the same time, the hen ceases to eat normally and looks depressed.After some time, the bird’s temperature rises by 1 or 2 ° C, and a little earlier it will be possible to notice a change in the color of the scallop: it will turn bluish. It is necessary to determine the disease as accurately as possible, for this it is recommended to carefully examine the bird.
When examining, you can pay attention to the inflammation of the oviduct exit, an enlarged stomach, due to which the laying hen moves very poorly, and with time the ability to walk completely disappears. If you do not take appropriate measures, then the disease will progress. You can see the manifestation of the symptoms of the disease in more detail in the photo.
Methods of treatment
Chickens should be treated immediately after diagnosis, otherwise the diseased individuals may die in the next few day. If the disease is at the first stage and the prolapse of the oviduct is not threatened, therapeutic measures include providing the sick bird with full nutrition with a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals. Food should be balanced and contain all the vitamins necessary at the moment.
Proteins needed to provide bird energy are no exception, and this should be part of the treatment. They will help the bird to overcome this disease. If the loss is confirmed, then the use of drug therapy is necessary. First of all, petroleum jelly is introduced into the cloaca of a sick animal in order to prevent tearing in case of delay of especially large eggs.
It is necessary to treat laying hens as follows:
- Solution of intramuscular synestrol (1 mg);
- Pituitrin (50 thousand units of action, 2 times a day, in 4 days).
If the cause of the disease in hens is the activity of microscopic organisms, in this case, the birds are treated with sulfonamides and antibiotics , which act directly on pathogenic microscopic organisms . After antibiotic therapy, it is imperative to resort to prebiotics that help restore poultry microflora to a normal level.
In order to prevent inflammation of the oviduct, the basis of nutrition is the complete and proper nutrition of the injured laying hen. In particular, it is necessary to carefully select the feed during the laying of eggs. at the end of puberty and after a break in winter. they are vulnerable to the disease and they are threatened with oviduct prolapse. For greater effect, vitamins and supplements with a high calcium content can be added to the feed. However, it is important to take into account the individual productivity of the chicken. It is also necessary to ensure an adequate period of rest by controlling the lighting regime in chicken coop .
Some of the farmers resort to the following methods of prevention: tossed iodine and potassium with food, with a calculation of 3 mg for each individual. Someone even gives 40 mg of chloride-chloran for 20 days. Thus, the hen’s body’s immunity to the effects of infectious diseases is increased.