One of the most famous houseplants is ficus. Today there are more than 20 varieties of this plant, and the most famous of them is the triangular ficus. It is famous for its unusual characteristics and interesting design.
- Origin of the flower
- Plant care at home
- What are the “preferences” of Triangularis
- Indoor temperature
- Soil category
Origin of the flower
Ficus The triangular, or ficus Triangularis, comes from a family of mulberries, which can be found under the name Ficus triangularis in the reference books. it is very different from relatives. The flower belongs to evergreen shrubs with small and glossy leaves.
The triangular ficus has unusual leaves, their shape resembles the circles that are inside the triangle, while creating an interesting shape. The maximum length of the leaves is 6 see. The leaflet is very thin; the veins always have a gray color with a slightly greenish tint. The main characteristic of the species is that it can grow by more than 11 cm in a year.
Home conditions are great for bush fertility. Sometimes there are representatives of this species with bright spots on the leaves.
In nature, ficus Triangularis is found in the warm climate of Africa.It is very difficult to recognize, since it grows at least up to 30 m in the wild, while at home such a ficus can grow up to a maximum of 1 m.
Caring for the plant at home
Most people believe that the ficus triangularis is an absolutely unpretentious flower and growing it at home will not be difficult. Nevertheless, the florist is required to constantly look after this “handsome”, water it in time and observe the temperature. Care must be taken immediately after purchase. The pot and soil in which the ficus Triangularis was, is not suitable for continuous cultivation, so you must immediately replace it. It is best to take care of the future pot and earth in advance. Land must be bought specifically for ficus, but the usual one with natural additives for growth is also suitable.
Before you purchase, you must carefully examine the flower. Its leaves should be saturated green, strong and strong. There should not be any holes on the leaves or dried parts. When the time comes to transplant the plant, the roots should be well cleaned from the ground, and then they should be examined well: if the rotten end is visible, it is best to cut it off immediately. Then you need to wash the plant and let it dry a little.
At the first time after purchase and transplantation, the ficus can become a little sick and fade. But do not worry, this is normal, and within a few weeks with good care the plant will quickly return to normal.
In hot periods, ficus triangularis must be watered regularly. Optimum watering 2 times for 10 days. On especially stuffy and hot days, you need to water the plant every day, but pour a little water. When a cooler period comes, the flower should be watered once every 7 days. There should be holes in the pot so that the water cannot stagnate in the soil and the root system of the ficus does not rot. For irrigation of ficus, it is necessary to use only water that has been standing for at least 5 days. If you water the flower immediately with tap water, then there is a chance that the plant will grow poorly, because the water will be hard in structure.
What are the “preferences” of Triangularis
Ficus Triangularis is very fond of warm and cool temperatures, it all depends on the season. In summer, it is necessary to pour cool water so that the plant does not die from sudden changes in temperature, and in winter – warm, but not boiling water. The temperature should be moderate, 1 or 2 ° above room temperature (20-22 ° C).
Ficus Triangular, or Triangularis, loves moist air, unlike other bushes. It is necessary to constantly spray the leaves with spray water. This procedure is useful not only for the plant, but also for the health of the apartment inhabitants themselves. In the photo you can see the uniqueness of this species.
In winter, the pot should be kept away from the battery, since the root system of the flower can dry.If there is not enough moisture, you can add wet expanded clay to the soil or put any container with water next to the pot. Ficus is a variegated plant species.
Proper care is the key to success. Triangular ficus in the warm period loves temperatures no higher than 26 ° C and no lower than 19 ° C, and in winter – 17 ° C. It is also necessary to avoid places where there may be a draft and very sharp jumps in temperature. In winter, it is necessary to protect the flower from severe frosts, and in summer – to take the pot out to fresh air: the plant will pick up useful substances and also absorb the rays of the sun, which will allow the flower to grow well.
A representative of the Mulberry family is one of the few who loves the shadow. It can be kept and grown even on the north side of the window. The flower does not like direct sunlight – in summer it must be removed from direct sunlight or rearranged in a warm place, but in the shade. The leaves are very tender, and from the direct rays of the sun, the plant may appear burns, which will be very difficult to tighten. It will not be difficult to care for the flower.
The soil should be loose, light in structure. Also, the earth should pass air well to the root system and saturate it with useful microminerals, which are necessary for growth. You can buy ready-made land in a flower shop, it is perfect for ficus. Before planting, a small amount of sand and crumb drainage must be added to the ground.You can also make the soil with your own hands. There are 2 options.
- Soil from sheet and soddy soil, everything should be in equal amounts. You can also add coal and some sand.
- Mix the peat, leaf, turf, and sand. It is also necessary to adhere to the acidity of the soil: it should not be higher than 6.5%.
Be sure to have drainage soil at the bottom of the pot, it will be able to cope with a lot of water and help the flower develop correctly and in time and its root system. At home, the plant every day will delight with its flowering. The flowers of this species are small, have a round shape, brown in color and look like small berries. In the warm period, they can fall.
It is best to transplant ficus in February or at the end of March. Flowers that are no more than 5 years old should be replanted every year, but older plants should be replanted every 2 years.
If the pot for the plant is larger than 30 cm, you can simply replace the first layers of the earth with a new type of soil . But this is only if a flower transplant is not possible. In order to maintain a good appearance of the plant, constant and regular pruning, as well as the formation of the crown of the plant are necessary: this will also have a good effect on the health of the flower. In order to correctly create a stump, on the main stalk, remove all the side shoots until that moment until everything reaches the required height. Then the top of the stem must be attached.New shoots will very quickly begin to emerge from the axillary buds.
In subsequent years, the shoots that have grown have to be cut again and not let them sprout around crowns.Also, do not forget to remove branches that look weak, since the plant can send a lot of strength and vitamins to it to recover, while other branches will not receive the necessary minerals in sufficient quantities. If the branches suddenly bleed, they must be treated so that the infection does not get inside.
Ficus can multiply in three ways:
- by air movements.
Reproduction is best done in the spring. Good propagation cuttings should be at least 17 cm high and have three pairs of leaves. The length of the stalk should be two, or even three times longer than the leaves. The temperature should be more than 24 ° C, then you can transplant into a container with peat, so that the roots take root. It is necessary to grow bushes only in a warm place.
Also, the container must be covered with something, you can use a jar or film. Once a day, the blanket needs to be opened so that the plant can get clean air, and then moistened with a spray bottle.
Ficus with original triangular leaves is an unpretentious and unique plant that can become a good decoration for the home. Caring for it at home is simple. The main thing is not to forget to root the plant before planting.