Luba is a perennial herbaceous plant from the orchid family, widely used in folk medicine due to its healing properties.
- Botanical characteristic
- Locations of growth
- Chemical composition
- Pharmacology <
- Floriculture <
- Culinary <
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It belongs to the tuberous ornamental wild plants of the genus Luba. It is also grown as a garden crop. how many synonyms:
- wild balm,
- night violet,
- love root,
- cuckoo’s tears.
The scientific name Platanthera consists of 2 Greek words, translated “wide pollen bag”, which is associated with the appearance of the plant. The anther of the double leaf looks like a bag for collecting pollen.
Lubag to the description, the plant grows to a height of 0.2 -0.5 m in in rare cases – up to 0.6 m, has 2 connected pear-shaped root tubers. Stalk thickened towards the root end.Pairs of basal leaves are located opposite each other, light green, with their inherent gloss. The length of the leaf blade is 8-22 cm, the width is 3-6 cm. The stem leaves are small, sessile.
The length of the inflorescences is 0.2 m, they are formed in the form of an ear of 8-40 white with a slight yellow tint flowers. The plant has a pleasant aroma, the concentration of which increases in the evening and at night or on a cloudy day, hence the name – night violet. The beginning of the flowering stage is 6-7 year. The flowering period is the beginning and middle of summer.
Places of growth
Plants of growth are limited to the middle zone of central Russia, western and eastern Siberian territories. Two-leafed love is also present in the region of Asia Minor, Altai, in the Sayan and Caucasian regions.
Due to the mass collection as a decorative flower in some regions, the plantings have disappeared completely, because it is listed in the Red Book as a species of the orchid family requiring protection.
Luba prefers lighted forest glades, grows among grass on the edges of deciduous, coniferous and mixed forests, is found among shrubbery, in forest-steppes and mountain ranges, grows on not rich moist soils.
Spread by seeds carried by the wind. Depends on the fungal mycelia in the presence of which the seeds germinate.
The tubers contain a significant amount of mucus (about 50%), in the composition of which the plant polysaccharide mannan is present. Starch content – up to 27%. The remainder is sugar, protein components, mineral salts, essential oils, calcium oxalate and bitter substances.
A number of medicinal properties of night violet lyubka:
Thanks to the chemical composition of the mucus, the plant helps lower blood pressure, can protect the mucous membranes of the stomach and intestines from the irritating effects of substances that enter them, becomes an obstacle to the absorption of toxins. Two-leafed tubers (Salepa) are known in alternative medicine as a means of increasing sexual activity.
Lyubka is used in interior and landscape design, medicine and cooking.
Two-leaf love is widely used in interior landscape design as a highly decorative plant. It is grown in greenhouses and as a garden decoration. Compositions with flowers of love are used in interior decoration.
From dried tubers of the bifolia lovinga, containing many useful components, they make nutritious drinks and products:
- a drink known from Eastern peoples called kokuya consists of tubers tinned to a state of flour, boiled together with honey,
- Salep insist on wine or broth, using it as a supportive product,
- Caucasian peoples use tubers in the preparation of the first dishes, make flour and jelly on their basis.
The plant is not included in the collection of the Gosfarmakopa and the Russian Federation, therefore, it is not used in official medicine. The two-leaf love has found its main application in folk medicine.
The primary raw materials for treatment are tubers, which are harvested at the end of the flowering process or at its last stages. The most fleshy and juicy tubers are peeled, washed and placed in boiling water for 2-3 minutes, dried in a heating cabinet at a temperature of 50 ° C or in a darkened place. Ready-to-use tubers should be firm and horny, light yellow in color, odorless and bitterness.
For gastrointestinal diseases
For diseases of the stomach and disorders of the intestinal tract, decoctions based on the roots are used and tubers of bifolia luba (10 g of dry luba per 200 ml of water), including:
- in cases of diarrhea and administration of various etiologies;
- for intestinal colitis;
- against gastritis and enteritis.
Tuberous decoctions are used in inflammatory processes of the genitourinary sphere, including inflammation of the bladder, gynecological diseases.
A root-based drink with honey is recommended for diseases of the respiratory system, including lingering cough.
Tubers milled and infused with milk mixed with pork fat , traditional medicine uses as an external remedy against abscesses and abscesses.
When available in The above diagnoses and symptoms prescribe the internal use of decoctions of 1 tbsp. l 3 times a day. For children, mucus is prepared on the basis of tubers of the bifolia luba, appointing 1 tsp. 2-3 times a day. When preparing the mucus, the dried tubers are crushed to a powder state. 2 g of powder is poured into a glass of boiling water, shaken for 10-15 minutes. to form a colorless mucus of a thick consistency.
Luba bifolia, a member of the orchid family, has found widespread use in floriculture due to its simple care. aschivanii. It is used in interior and landscape design for home decoration and garden areas. Thanks to its falling within the chemical composition of useful components, night violet has become a popular remedy in folk medicine. In eastern peoples, it is also used in cooking. The plant is listed in the Red Book.