Spelled is a grain crop of the cereal family. Has brittle
ear, filmy grain, color – brick-red. During ripening
the spike breaks up into small spikelets with stem segments. In
during threshing, the grain is not threshed out of the films. There are such types
spelled: monocotyledonous, wild dicotyledonous, dicotyledonous monocotyledonous,
wheat Urartu, spelled, maha wheat, Timofeeva.
Spelled is distinguished by early maturity, unpretentiousness, stability
to most fungal diseases. The structure of the ear protects it
from pests, pollution, and also from moisture loss. Every three
the spelled grain is wrapped in a separate flake of inedible chaff.
Grain growers have developed special methods that allow
more efficiently cleanse the chaff from the grain without affecting
on the grain itself. That is why when harvesting and processing
all spelled are preserved completely.
How to choose a spelled
When buying spelled, be sure to consider branded packaging,
which must be hermetically sealed. Package content is not
must have foreign inclusions. You should also study the specified
the expiration date on the label.
When going to the store, it should be remembered that spelled can have and
other names, for example: spelled, emmer, kamut, two-grain.
How to store
In order to preserve the spelled better, place it in an airtight
container and, if possible, store in the refrigerator.
Reflection in culture
Spelled was used as food by people from the Neolithic era. In Egypt, and
even in Babylon, it was the most important cultivated grain. Spelled was mentioned
in his works Herodotus, Homer, Columella, Theophrastus.
In the most ancient civilizations of Sumer, Babylonia, Egypt spelled was used
as the main wheat in the daily diet. Up to XVIII-XIX
Art. … spelled cereals were very common. Her wonderful
agrarian characteristics have been the reason for its immense popularity. Ears
did not crumble, the stems did not lie down even in heavy rains or winds,
and the whole plant as a whole was not spoiled by pests and did not hurt.
But in the XNUMXth century. a rapid decline in crops began
spelled, as the production of soft and more productive
Today people are beginning to remember a useful plant – spelled.
Different countries are trying to grow it in small areas, more
pays all his attention to the United States. In commercial quantities spelled
grown in Dagestan.
Spelled is a high-protein, low-calorie product that contains
all essential amino acids. Modern nutritionists believe that
the development of most modern human diseases, we owe
abandoning plants such as spelled. Since it is in them in the primordial
the usual set of chromosomes has been preserved in the form. You can spelled
feel free to use in dietary nutrition, because its calorie content is
only 127 kcal.
Nutritional value per 100 grams:
Proteins, g Fats, g Carbohydrates, g Ash, g Water, g Caloric value, kcal 5,5 0,85 26,4 0,7 66,5 127
Useful properties of spelled
Composition and presence of nutrients
The spelled composition is very rich in various useful substances, vitamins,
macro- and microelements. This culture contains 27-37% protein. Eighteen
essential essential amino acids are found in gluten protein.
In comparison with ordinary wheat, the spelled contains several times more
the content of magnesium, iron, zinc and vitamins, such as: B1 – thiamine,
B2 – riboflavin, B6 – pyridoxine, B9 – folic acid, and also vitamins
E and PP. Spelled also contains calcium, sodium, phosphorus, potassium, copper,
selenium and manganese.
All the nutrients are found in this progenitor of wheat
in a balanced way. These substances are very necessary for humans.
for normal, high-quality life. They are present
in the shell of the grain and in the grain itself, which guarantees the preservation of nutrients
plant substances even after fine grinding.
The beneficial substances of the spelled are easily dissolved, which, in turn,
leads to their rapid assimilation by the human body.
Useful and medicinal properties of spelled
Regular consumption of spelled food contributes to the speedy normalization
blood sugar levels, strengthening immunity, improving
endocrine, cardiovascular, digestive, nervous
and reproductive systems, and also greatly reduces the risk of developing
infectious, oncological diseases and anemia.
The benefits of this cereal for allergy sufferers should also be noted.
for gluten – celiac disease. Gluten is found in wheat and barley grains
and oats. Gluten from spelled grains generally does not cause characteristic
symptoms of this disease – allergies and digestive disorders.
A large amount of coarse fibers has a positive effect on
the process of digestion. And in terms of the amount of protein, this culture is superior
Vegetable protein is rich in amino acids that are not found in animal foods.
Spelled, due to the slow absorption of carbohydrates, reduces the sensation
hunger and helps to cope with excess weight. Using this
wonderful product improves blood circulation, heart function and
stabilizes blood pressure.
After nutritionists started talking about the beneficial properties of spelled,
chefs began to actively prepare a variety of dishes from it.
Today in dietary restaurants from spelled are found not only
bread, cereals or soups, but also baked rusks, airy creams, sauces.
In Italy, the favorite risotto is prepared from it, and in Iran, Turkey and India
– interesting side dishes for poultry and fish. In addition to cereals and soups, cooks
all kinds of desserts are made from spelled flour.
Spelled, thanks to its popularity, received another name
– “black caviar of cereals».
Spelled is very useful for people suffering from overweight, because
its unique composition includes vitamin B6, which contributes to normal,
uniform assimilation of fats, as well as the removal of excess cholesterol
from the body.
Dangerous properties of spelled
To date, only one contraindication to use is known
spelled – individual intolerance to the components of the product.
One of the programs of the cycle The Honest Chef will tell you how to cook spelled with mussels and tomatoes.