Growing pigs – one of the most profitable types of business. Successful breeding of animals is based on providing the most comfortable living conditions for piglets and adults. It is recommended to use natural litter for pigs in the pigsty. This option is considered the least expensive.
- Technological side
- What is the litter material
- Features of use
- How to grow pigs using the presented method
- When to clean and where to put it
- What the lay people say
- The final part
Content when using bedding for pigs is similar to the principle of the dry closet. directly, special bacteria are placed in the layer of sawdust or other biomaterial that break down pig waste products, resulting in the generation of the necessary amount of heat.
The use of litter for pigs requires a number of rules:
- the room must be well ventilated;
- concrete flooring is not allowed;
- it is necessary to exclude the appearance of drafts;
- it is important to ensure normal drainage of the soil;
- room temperature must not drop below zero.
fermentation litter for pigs allows not build a thorough building. It can be made from a conventional metal frame and covered with an awning.An important point in the application of the method is the diet of pigs. Food should include at least 50% fiber. It is this percentage that increases fermentation, which in turn enhances heat transfer.
What is bedding material
Bio bedding for pigs is a flooring of various types of natural material, such like:
- straw with all kinds of cereal plants;
To provide the necessary effect in a dry layer of biomaterial is placed special preparations containing coprophages. These are special microorganisms that are able to process animal waste products. This method allows you to eliminate unpleasant odors from the room and heat the barn in winter without the use of additional electrical devices.
Keeping pigs on a deep litter is the safest method for raising pigs. The principle of its operation is a continuous chain of chemical reactions, as a result of which the fermentation process is activated. The non-removable bedding always remains dry.
The deep bedding for pigs is laid on a cleaned, sanitized floor. Initially, a layer of biomaterial is laid (approximately 20 cm). On top of the drug is strewed with coprophages. Fermentation non-replaceable litter is laid at a temperature of 5 to 10 ° C. As the floor gets wet, add new layers and sprinkle the drug.
Features of use
Fermentation non-replaceable litter can last about 4 years, provided that pigs are constantly in the barn. If the animals are not in the pigsty for 3 weeks, all the bacteria will die because they will not have a power source.
After laying the layers, the litter for pigs with bacteria in the pigsty begins to work after 3 days.
For growing livestock, a much larger layer of flooring is required than for poultry. In a pigsty, the layer thickness can range from 50 cm to a meter. One of the main advantages of the pig breeding method on non-replaceable bedding is its availability: you can buy drugs at any store, and their price is more than affordable.
How to raise pigs using the presented method
Growing pigs using bionastil implies their constant presence in the room, otherwise the bacteria will have nothing to eat and they will die.
The maintenance of pigs on a deep litter suggests several options:
Bred The pasture method is practiced mainly in the summer. The herd is formed from same-sex individuals of the same age. In large farms, free-range is automated. In addition to juicy green pasture in the diet of pigs should be dry compound feed containing a large amount of fiber.
The stall method is used in the cold season. With this method of keeping indoors, you need to install a dehumidifier. A ventilation system should be equipped in the barn so that waterlogging does not cause infection.
The deep litter has a huge number of advantages:
- saving financial and energy costs on room hygiene;
- dissolution of vital products within 24 hours;
- elimination of unpleasant odors, preventing the appearance of dirt and increasing air humidity;
- maximum approximation of the living conditions to the natural habitat;
- reduced atmospheric emissions of ammonia vapors and pollution groundwater.
When to clean and where to put it
When keeping on a non-replaceable bedding in pig breeding, it is also necessary to take care of stable room hygiene. It is necessary to do the cleaning of waste materials on time. On average, the bacterial litter lasts 4 years. The final stage of its use is very easy to determine by appearance.
At the end of its service life, the biomaterial does not absorb moisture well and does not process feces, resulting in an unpleasant odor in the room. For 4 years, the compost layer in the pigsty reaches a meter height. This amount of waste material needs to be put somewhere. It is not surprising that many breeders ask whether it can be used as fertilizer for the garden.
In the manufacture of drugs, a natural bacterium is used, therefore, as a fertilizer, you can use completely all the compost. Even if someone is confused by the presence of bacteria in the waste material, after 3 weeks they will still die, because they will have nothing to eat. Such compost is perfectly stored.
What the townsfolk say
The reviews of those who keep pets on non-removable flooring are mostly positive. Growing on a deep flooring offers many benefits. For example, it is not necessary to spend a fortune on the equipment of a solid building, you can build a metal frame and cover it with an awning. The size of such a room can be freely adjusted.
Litter needs to be changed every 4 years or when a new population is populated. It is not necessary to constantly clean the waste material, it is enough to lay a small layer of biomaterial when wet. The litter is always warm and dry, which helps to increase the immunity of pigs. Due to the processing by bacteria of the entire volume of feces and urine in the premises, there is no characteristic unpleasant odor. Inside the litter, a high temperature regime is constantly maintained within 40 ° C, so rodents and insect pests never start in such rooms.
On this litter you can contain not only adult animals, but also pigs. Breeders note that the price of preparations for creating a fermentation litter is more than acceptable, which is good news.The whole process is based on the natural reaction of biomaterials with bacteria, so compost, after working out the validity period, can be used as fertilizer. In addition, due to the presence of bacteria, fertilizer can be stored much longer than regular manure.
Breeding pigs often requires huge costs, especially when it comes to the creation of a pigsty and its arrangement. Not so long ago, the technology of keeping pigs on a deep irremovable litter came to us from the East, which allows us to significantly reduce costs and simplify maintenance. The essence of the method is laying on a disinfected floor covering a layer of shavings, sawdust, straw or hay mixed with special preparations containing coprophage bacteria. Reacting with feces and urine, bacteria completely break them down during the day, releasing heat into the atmosphere. In the deepest layers, temperatures from 40 ° C are preserved.
The chemical process allows even pigs to be kept indoors in winter without special heating. A warm litter can last several years before it needs to be completely replaced. The high temperature inside the fermentation litter allows you to forever forget about the appearance of rodents and other pests that carry all kinds of diseases. The main thing is that animals should be in the room periodically, otherwise the coprophages will die, and the litter will have to be replaced ahead of time.Almost all breeders who have tested the drug unanimously say that there is nothing better than keeping on a deep litter. The video details how to lay a deep floor.
Agriculture is a waste-free production in which everything can be used, but many breeders, not having enough information, worry about where to put the waste biomaterial. The answer to the question is very simple: compost can be used as fertilizer, because coprophages do not harm the environment.
When using the pig method, it is necessary to feed concentrated feeds with a high fiber content to maintain the thermal effect when the waste reacts with bacteria. A lot of advantages makes the content method more popular every day.