Today, fingers are very popular among agricultural technicians. They are named so for a reason. Their elliptical shape looks like fingers. The variety earned its popularity due to early ripeness and high yield, the approximate ripening time is 90-110 days, after the first shoots appeared.
- Species <
- General description
- Planting process
- Care <
- What is sick
- Benefits and disadvantages
- What gardeners say about the culture
There are several varieties of tomato fingers:
- chocolate fingers;
- fingers of Malvina;
- boy with a finger;
- little fingers.
Shoko hell bears are characterized by high productivity, excellent taste. The bush is tall, the fruits are finger-shaped, ruby or dark brown. It can be grown both on open ground and in greenhouses. The variety is resistant to late blight and fusariosis. Maturing period from emergence of 80 days .
Tomatoes fingers Malvina recommended to grow in film greenhouses and open ground. The fruit is medium in size, weighs 60-80 g. The internal structure is dense, fleshy. They have the shape of a cylinder with a small nose at the end.
Boy-and-finger is the lowest grade. The plant reaches a height of 40 cm. It belongs to the ultra-ripe.
Tomato falciparum f1 or child refers to mid-ripening.Fruits are resistant to cracking, verticillosis, fusarium. Tomatoes can be transported practically without loss and stored for a long period.
Characteristics of tomatoes fingers:
- cylindrical shape;
- smooth surface with slight ribbing;
- green fruits consist of two chambers, have a light green hue;
- average weight of one fruit is from 50 to 80 g;
- are universal in application.
Bushes are determinant, they are small in size. The leaves are medium-sized, emerald. The inflorescence is simple; there are no articulations of the stalks. The bush often consists of one or two stems. Ovaries form in 1-2 leaves, each fruit has 8 fruits.
All varieties of cherry tomatoes are well preserved. They are well preserved even with a slight decrease in temperature, heat and even drought. Tomatoes do not crack, retain their presentation for a long time, and are distinguished by high palatability. In the photo, bulk tomatoes look simply charming, many gardeners today prefer this variety for its versatility.
One bush can produce from one kilogram of tomato per season in apartment conditions, when grown in open ground up to 3 kg, and in greenhouse conditions, you can collect all 8 kg from one bush. Most often they are consumed fresh, canned whole. In addition, you can cook delicious sauces, ketchup, and various pickles from them. It is often used for commercial purposes, due to its good transportability and resistance to mechanical damage. Tomatoes can be stored in a cool vegetable storehouse for up to 4 months.
Growing cherry varieties is not difficult. Even a novice gardener can cultivate them on their site, some varieties, such as a little boy, are even suitable for growing home conditions in an apartment. Seeds begin to be sown around March 15th. Before planting the seeds in the ground, they must be treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, then rinsed with clean water.
Seeds should be planted to a depth of 1 centimeter. Three seeds are planted on an area of 1.5 cm. After planting, the container must be covered with cellophane, thus creating greenhouse conditions. Capacity put in a dark place.After the first sprouts appear, the seedlings should be rearranged on a light windowsill, maintaining a stable temperature at around 15 degrees for a week. Then the temperature is gradually raised to room level.
When the plant releases at least one leaf, it can be planted in a separate plastic cup. Seedlings must be hardened ten days before planting in open ground. In the garden and in greenhouses, seedlings are planted at a distance of about 50 cm from each other. Transplanting into open ground is recommended in mid-May for greenhouses and in late May for an open area.
The height of the bushes, depending on the variety variety, varies from 40 to 100 cm. The plant does not require special care, the highest bushes need to be tied up if they grow in an open area so that the crown does not break. Regular weeding, removal of weeds near the crop, picking and loosening of the soil is required. When growing in an open area, stepsoning does not occur.
For fertilizer, mineral mixtures diluted in water are used a couple of times a month. Watering is carried out twice in seven days. In drought, the number of irrigations should be increased up to 5 times. A good growth of the plant give at moderate soil moisture, about 36%. Good yield is maintained at a temperature of 19 to 26 degrees.
What is sick
Resistance to diseases and pests is average. It is not exposed to many diseases, thanks to early maturity. Cherry tomatoes are very susceptible to mosaic damage. The ailment can develop, both when growing in an open area, and in a greenhouse. Emerald amber spots appear on the leaves.
There is a modification of the branches. The bushes look lethargic. Productivity is reduced or absent altogether. Affected branches and leaves should be removed and burned. You need to clean the affected areas with gloves and not touch the juice, because it is through it that infection occurs.
If there are several affected plants in a row, they must be completely removed and not left next to healthy bushes, otherwise the whole crop will die. As a disease prevention, the seeds are treated with special solutions or potassium permanganate before sowing. The plant is practically not affected by pests.
Advantages and disadvantages
Like all crops, cherry tomatoes have several advantages and disadvantages.Among the advantages are noted:
- early maturity;
- lack of need for pinching;
- high productivity;
- resistance to heat, slight temperature drops ;
- resistance to many diseases;
- unpretentiousness in care;
- high persistence.
Among the main disadvantages, the inability to use for making tomato juice. The fruits have a dense structure, not very juicy, so they are more suitable for fresh consumption and salting. They grow poorly in the northern regions, and also require a lot of sunlight.
What gardeners say about the crop
Reviews of those who have been growing cherry tomatoes for a long time are only positive. The variety is highly fertile. Tomatoes were bred for a long time and occupy a separate niche among their favorite plants in the ranks of gardeners. Fleshy fruits are excellent for preserving whole, various sauces, lecho and other types of pickles.
The only minus is the low juiciness of the fruits, which does not allow harvest tomato juice from them.The culture can be grown, even in an apartment. For this, a special sort of boy-with-finger was developed. The plant looks great in a pot and will become a universal decoration of any interior and a vitamin meal in the winter. Fleshy, bicameral fruits, unobtrusive taste with unobtrusive sourness.
Another advantage that novice gardeners give out, and not just experienced ones, bushes do not require pinching and special care, grows equally well, both in open ground and in greenhouse rooms. In greenhouses, the yield increase is five times higher than in open areas, which allows the use of tomatoes for commercial purposes.