Watering phalaenopsis differs from irrigation of other varieties of indoor plants. Orchids are representatives of the tropics and belong to the genus epiphytes. Plants collect moisture from the air, not from the substrate in a pot. That is why orchids only need water in the form of fumes.
- Ways and methods of watering orchids
- Features of irrigation
- After purchase
- Flowering plants
- After pruning or replanting
- Watering at different times of the year
- Mistakes and their consequences
Methods and methods of watering the orchids
Watering the phalaenopsis at home is done in several ways, among which are ute:
- immersion in containers;
- creation of natural conditions using an aquarium or other artificial mini -water reservoir.
Each type of irrigation has its own rules. Preference for this or that option is given depending on the situation and moisture requirements during certain periods of the life of epiphytes.
Features of irrigation
Orchid care requires a small number of operations, among which irrigation takes first place. The features of this process are standardization and regularity.
The amount of moisture depends on such factors:
- The condition of the roots and wood filler of the flower container.Darkening of shoots or moldy soil is an indicator of excess water. Dry soil is lighter than wet, and also crumbles in the hands. Dehydrated shoots become silvery.
- The behavior of the epiphyte after irrigation. Too succulent leaves, drops on aerial roots rising above the pot, or the appearance of aphids on the underside of the leaf indicates high humidity or poor quality of the liquid.
- Weight of the pot. Excess water is confirmed by the unnatural severity of the vessel.
Water the phalaenopsis correctly with water of a certain origin:
To soften the tap water, biologically active additives, which are available in flower shops, should be used. It is allowed to use filtered tap water, settled in an open container or boiled water.
The purchased flower needs quarantine measures for some time, because it can be a source of infection or a pest spreader. That is why the first irrigation after the purchase will have to be done away from other epiphytes. It is even better to withstand the “rookie” in a separate, enclosed room.
The flower will acclimatize throughout the week. All this time, the irrigation regime should be the same, but it is not worth it to water the epiphyte too often. The best solution is to spray the soil with a spray gun.In this case, it’s easy to add a little antiseptic for indoor flowers to the liquid for the first watering, but the infusion of garlic.
During the flowering period, the orchid is watered several times a week. This allows you to create a natural environment for the flower and to prevent air shoots from drying out.
During flowering, the plant is irrigated in any of the following ways:
- daily under the root with clean water;
- repeatedly during the day from the sprayer;
- constantly, immersing the pot in the water (passively).
The flowering orchid is fertilized with water-soluble compositions for flowering epiphytes. The feeding schedule should follow the system described in the annotation to the product.
After trimming or replanting
After trimming, the epiphyte needs water, so water and phalaenopsis, transplanted to a new place.
During the recovery period, the tropical flower needs to be fed with succinic acid, good light and peace. Particularly closely monitor the condition of the soil: it should be slightly moist, but not heavy, because the lack of proper ventilation threatens to damage the root system, hidden under the turf.
Watering at different times of the year
In winter and late autumn, watering a Phalaenopsis orchid differs from the irrigation process in a hot period of time. How often to water the indoor phalaenopsis, he will tell. To do this, carefully monitor the condition of the seedling and the color of its leaves. If the crown has a natural shine and turgor, and leafy rosettes are dense and without any signs of drying, the orchids are watered qualitatively.
The irrigation frequency is also reduced due to:
- Artificial heating of the premises that is not warm enough air in different parts of the room. Drying clothes and cooking with closed windows also contribute to increased humidity.
- Cooling the soil in a pot. In winter, window sills get warmer, even when the batteries are hot and are in close proximity to them. Cold glasses also reduce the need for epiphytes in moisture.
In summer, properly water the Phalaenopsis orchid from a watering can. The water temperature should be slightly higher than room temperature, and the drops shallow. After irrigation, excess water is collected in the axils of the leaves. In this case, paper towels or a foam sponge will come in handy.
Care mistakes and their consequences
Proper watering of any Phalaenopsis orchid is a guarantee of its health. For orchids, rooms with high humidity are the best choice, then often you will not have to water the phalaenopsis.
Violations of irrigation rules lead to the consequences:
- with excess water – to rotting of leaves, roots and soil;
- with a lack of moisture – to dry leaf sockets and flower shoots, underdevelopment of buds, thickening of the knees and strong overgrowth of rhizomes;
- if the characteristics of the water for irrigation do not match, alkalization of the soil, compaction of turf, and rapid decomposition of the substrate.
The environmental conditions of orchids are difficult to recreate in a room. A flower that is moisture enough has green, tight leaves and dense leaves, quickly forms aerial roots and blooms for a long time. Withering and loss of buds indicate poor care.
Excess moisture, as well as its lack, cause irreparable damage to orchids. Excessive humidity causes rooting and the development of complex diseases leading to the death of euphytes.