What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Natural honey is popular all over the world – it is not only a delicious dish, but also a natural remedy for colds and for recuperation. There are many varieties of honey. Their characteristics are described in ancient manuscripts. They report on the general and specific properties inherent in each variety, and give advice on how to use the natural product in different situations.

All types of honey work differently for different diseases. The properties and category of a product are identified by its color, consistency, taste and aroma. Today, there are many types of honey in the trade all year round, often with rather exotic names. Which one is the most useful? Not to be mistaken in the choice and to acquire the most useful variety will help the ability to determine the desired variety.

Types of honey

It is not easy for an inexperienced consumer without the help of specialists to correctly determine the variety of natural delicacies he needs. Now in our country there are standard requirements (GOST) only for 3 types of beekeeping products: linden, buckwheat, sunflower. Fakes are often hidden behind unusual names. To help beekeepers, experts have conducted research to streamline the variety of honey, created a typology to facilitate the choice. The product is systematized according to several parameters.

By origin

According to its biological genesis, honey can be floral, honeydew, mixed, blended. The flower is produced by bees from the nectar of honey flowers, shrubs, trees. Honey from one plant is monofloral. Usually the name indicates a honey plant:

  • lime;
  • buckwheat;
  • fireweed;
  • sweet clover and others.

However, such a product is not common: usually different honey plants grow near the apiary. More often insects collect honey from different flowers – this is polyfloral.

Mixed nectar is divided into prefabricated or honeydew, which is produced by bees not from pollen, but from honeydew. Pad is often found on pines, poplars, lindens. Honeydew is involved in this, which appears on the leaves of plants under the influence of temperature changes and changes in air humidity.

Blended honey consists of a mixture in a certain proportion of different varieties. It is produced exclusively on specialized equipment with the intention of improving the quality and presentation of honey. Often in this way, a bitter product is diluted with a sweeter one.

Depending on the terrain

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Bees are engaged in the extraction of nectar in different natural zones – from northern to southern regions. The honey collected in different geographic areas differs:

  1. Meadow, difficult to work out, is harvested on the plains from the nectar of many herbs: clover, sage, tartar, cornflower, sweet clover, etc. It has valuable medicinal properties.
  2. Field polyfloral honey is one of the best, available and most widespread varieties in our country, with a rich assortment of medicinal and dietary qualities. It is collected in forest-steppe and steppe zones throughout Russia from field melliferous plants: nightshade, chicory, valerian, mallow, thistle, etc.
  3. Mountain – one of the most expensive varieties due to the extreme conditions of collection in hard-to-reach places. The collection of nectar takes place on herbs in the mountain valleys from rare medicinal plants: leuzea, wild rose, lemon balm, bird cherry, etc. Honey is really very useful thanks to the clean mountain air in the collection zone.
  4. Forest honey belongs to polyfloral varieties. It has a peculiar bitter taste. Its bees produce from the pollen of honey plants growing in the forest: grasses (oregano, clover, strawberry), shrubs (raspberries, hawthorn), trees (linden, pine, willow).
  5. Taiga is a high-quality honey with an inimitable composition of wild forest Altai honey plants. This is a real concentration of vitamins and healing substances. However, fakes are often found due to the fact that there are very few honey plants in the taiga.

By consistency

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

The saturation of honey depends on its composition, moisture percentage, temperature and shelf life. Concentration indicates maturity. She may be:

  • liquid;
  • viscous;
  • stringy;
  • compacted;
  • mixed.

Freshly pumped out honey is a viscous substance that resembles a syrup. After some storage time, it begins to crystallize. The density of the product is due to the weather in which it was harvested: at high humidity, honey turns out to be more liquid. Candied honey is fine-grained and coarse-grained.

Mixed honey usually exfoliates: a denser substance is collected from below, a liquid layer on top of it. Most often this happens after heating or as a result of forging.

By Color

The color is determined by the color and characteristics of the flowers-melliferous plants. Usually, light and dark tones are distinguished. The light product is creamy white, as well as with a yellowish and amber tint. These varieties include lime, acacia, sweet clover and other varieties. They are considered to be healing, containing many healing ingredients.

Dark brownish varieties are richer and thicker, with a special spicy flavor with a bitter taste. Among them are chestnut, heather, buckwheat, mountain ash.

The benefits of honey

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

A person assimilates the bee delicacy completely. Traditional healers have been using it for a long time to treat various diseases, especially colds. It quickly replenishes the body’s energy supply, strengthens and rejuvenates. The product stimulates the immune system, disinfects, soothes, restores strength, cures coughs, relieves pain in arthritis, and supports the health of the elderly.

The healing qualities of honey are manifested due to the content of useful ingredients. The product is saturated with many vitamins (A, C, PP, K, E, group B), more than 300 micro- and macroelements that serve as catalysts that accelerate metabolism.

Their ratio is identical to the combination of components in the human body.

Nectar combines simple sugars (glucose and fructose), pollen and moisture, organic acids and bioactive substances that have a beneficial effect on humans.

Healing varieties

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Different types of honey differ in taste, color, aroma, as well as dissimilar properties and therapeutic effects. They are treated not only for colds, but also for a host of other diseases: sleep disturbances, stress, inflammatory processes of the kidneys, stomach, intestines. It is recommended for use in a dietary diet. The most useful varieties of honey:

  • acacia;
  • clover;
  • sainfoin;
  • May;
  • buckwheat;
  • fireweed;
  • lime;
  • sowing.

Doctors recommend using honey in accordance with the indications for the treatment of many chronic diseases, selecting each variety individually to solve a specific problem.

Rare varieties

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Industrial honey production is based on the collection of large volumes of nectar from entire fields. From honey plants that come across sporadically, they collect varieties that are not found on store shelves:

  • carrot;
  • lemon balm;
  • mint;
  • cornflower;
  • apple;
  • crimson.

Rare types of honey are obtained in limited quantities.

Elite varieties

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

The selection category includes products containing over 80% simple sugars. Monofloral honey usually has the same medicinal properties as the plant itself. Added to this are the beneficial qualities of the substance itself. From the elite varieties obtained from one plant, in our country are available:

  • buckwheat, containing, in addition to a large number of vitamins and minerals, iron and rutin;
  • heather, along with minerals containing valuable proteins;
  • clover, with an exquisite taste, curative for colds, pulmonary pathology and hypertension;
  • phacelia, effectively helping with cardiovascular diseases;
  • sainfoin, coping with breathing problems, effectively treating skin pathologies due to the content of the maximum amount of ascorbic acid, enzymes and carotene.

Different varieties of honey

The available varieties are harvested from common honey plants with a stable yield. Both rare and well-known varieties of honey are distinguished by unique features: time of collection, consistency, color, smell, medicinal qualities.

Acacia

Acacia Honey

Honey has an attractive taste and delicate, exquisite floral scent. Freshly pumped honey from yellow acacia flowers – lemon color, from white acacia – light, transparent consistency. This species gradually crystallizes, becomes grainy, changing its color to snow-white. Its peculiarity is the ability to persist for a long time in a syrupy form. This is the most liquid variety. Helps with sleep disturbances, neuralgic, gastric, intestinal problems, diseases of the genitourinary sphere. Increases hemoglobin levels.

Barberry

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

The shrub is widespread in the Crimea, in the south of Siberia. They are often used to decorate gardens and parks. The flowering period occurs in late spring – early summer, when bright yellow inflorescences attract a lot of bees with their aroma. Plantings occupy limited areas, so honey is quite rare in terms of the volume of extraction. It has a rich golden color and a pleasant, slightly sour taste with a fruity and berry aftertaste.

The barberry product has all the medicinal qualities that the fruits of the bush do.

Hawthorn

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

A rare species with exceptional therapeutic properties. It does not exist in its pure form: it contains only a few percent of hawthorn. Honey is different:

  • dark yellow with a reddish tint;
  • viscous density;
  • pleasant aroma with floral notes;
  • bitter berry taste.

The healing properties of hawthorn honey are similar to those of the plant itself. It helps to increase immunity, improves metabolism, relieves toxins and toxins, and promotes weight loss. Honey normalizes blood pressure, has a calming effect, and prevents cardiovascular problems.

Budyakov

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Elite honey from thistle (tartar) is almost never found in its pure form. Golden amber, light green or completely colorless, it attracts with aroma and taste. The weed product helps in the treatment of dermatological problems, sleep disturbances, hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, and has a bactericidal effect. Honey is effective as a natural arphodisiac for men and women.

Borage

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

This rare variety is obtained from the flowers of a medicinal plant – borage, which is considered a weed. Honey has a transparent consistency, light golden color and pleasant taste. The product improves metabolism, has healing qualities:

  • soothing;
  • reduces temperature and heat;
  • helps to cough up;
  • softens the throat for colds;
  • helps to remove toxins.

Cornflower

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

A rare polyfloral variety. Fresh greenish product. Taste with a slight bitterness reminiscent of almonds.

It has anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, diuretic and choleretic properties. Honey helps to neutralize intestinal microorganisms, supports liver function. The healing effect is manifested in the treatment of skin and eye diseases.

Heather

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

This variety is a liquid transparent product of dark yellow color with a limited sucrose content of 0,6%. In combs, it quickly hardens, so it is not suitable for winter feeding of bees. Honey almost does not smell, it has a pleasant tart taste with a slight bitterness. Long-lasting sugar-free.

An excellent antiseptic. It is used to treat rheumatism, gout, gallstone disease. Nutritionists recommend it to patients suffering from poor appetite.

Mountain

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

The environmentally friendly product is harvested in alpine meadows and high mountain slopes. It belongs to the elite varieties of honey, has a pleasant taste, has absorbed all the beneficial properties of mountain herbs – lavender flowers, mint and other medicinal plants. The taste and consistency varies depending on the set of melliferous plants, as well as the time of collection and climatic conditions. The product quickly becomes sugar-free, turning into a solid substance that must be cut off with a knife. Honey is quite expensive.

You can find this variety in a variety of yellow colors – from amber to dark. The variety of pink honey is indicative of a fake. Many consider it a panacea for many ills. The use is useful for endocrine disorders, atherosclerosis, cardiovascular, renal and gastric diseases. It is used to remove toxins, relieve stress due to its calming effect.

Pea

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Bees pollinate the plantations of fine-leaved peas, which are sown for the industrial production of popular canned vegetables. Crops are found in almost all regions of Russia. Flowering occurs in early June. Perfectly transparent honey with a slight yellowish tinge has a delicate delicate taste and smells like spring flowers. After crystallization, which is completed by the beginning of autumn, honey acquires a fine-grained consistency and a creamy shade.

This natural product copes well with colds, runny nose, sore throat and other inflammatory diseases, has antiseptic and antipyretic properties.

Mustard

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Healing honey is harvested within 3 weeks in early summer from plantations of early and very productive honey plants – unpretentious white mustard growing throughout our country. The product is golden or greenish-yellow in color and has a tart caramel taste with oily notes and a herbaceous odor. It quickly becomes sugar-free, acquiring a fine-grained, creamy consistency. Its peculiarity is the content of a large amount of iodine.

Mustard honey is distinguished not only by its pleasant taste, but also by healing qualities. It nourishes the human body with valuable amino acids, vitamins, microelements, prevents early aging, stimulates cellular regeneration, and helps to cope with endocrine problems due to the iodine content. Cosmetologists effectively use the properties of honey to cleanse, nourish and moisturize the skin.

Buckwheat

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

This type of honey is considered high-grade due to the abundance of proteins and iron. It is impossible to confuse it with another: it is distinguished by its exceptional sweetness, diluted with a tart bitterness, as well as a spicy smell of buckwheat and a very dark color. It quickly crystallizes, while brightening.

Honey is good for fatigue, gastrointestinal and cardiovascular problems. It effectively copes with dermatological diseases.

Wild

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

The uncultivated bees take an ecologically pure and valuable variety from many different honey plants. Now beekeeping is widespread in the Bashkir forests, the Ural and Carpathian foothills, in Canada. Wild honey is characterized by:

  • brownish color;
  • spicy aroma with notes of wax;
  • piquant aftertaste;
  • thick consistency.

It contains many bioactive ingredients. It is rich in propolis, pollen, wax. Honey has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, tonic, anti-cancer, soothing properties. It promotes metabolism, improves appetite.

Donnikovy

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Light lemon or white-greenish honey, rich in glucose. It is characterized by a peculiar bitter taste and an unusual floral-vanilla aroma. The therapeutic effect lies in the treatment of colds and viral diseases. Has an antiseptic, antimicrobial, healing effect.

Angelica

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

A rare variety is useful thanks to the elements obtained from the medicinal plant – angelica, growing on the shores of European and Siberian reservoirs. It is viscous, not sugar-free for a long time, its color ranges from amber to dark. The product absorbs the aroma of medicinal herbs and a special caramel flavor.

The healing substance is recommended for many chronic diseases of almost all systems of the human body. It helps to recover under heavy loads, stimulates an increase in immunity and mood, copes with the elimination of toxins in case of poisoning, eases the condition in case of inflammation and viral infection. Honey is successfully used in cosmetology for compresses, masks, wraps that improve skin condition.

Blackberry

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

It is very difficult to find this valuable natural medicine on sale. Honey does not retain the smell of blackberries, but it has absorbed all its beneficial properties. A colorless transparent product with a weak fruity taste and delicate aroma has a liquid consistency, does not crystallize for a long time.

It effectively copes with fatigue, endocrine system problems, venous insufficiency, thrombosis, atherosclerosis, and improves immunity.

Green

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Green honey can belong to honeydew varieties, as well as be a combination of a common product with propolis. It has unique healing properties due to phytoncides.

Colors – from greenish to emerald. The product is distinguished by the absence of sugary sweetness, unusual aroma and taste, delayed crystallization, viscous consistency and enzymatic activity. You can make honey with propolis yourself at home.

Snakehead

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

A rare variety of light transparent honey is collected from fragrant honey plants growing in Altai, Ukraine, and the Caucasus. The plant has a strong lemon scent that is transferred to the bee product. Honey is used as a pain reliever. It is effective for cardiac arrhythmias, neuralgia, migraine, colds and intestinal diseases,

Willow

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

The honey of an attractive golden color, when sugared, turns into a fine-grained creamy substance. It has a delicate taste and healing properties. The product has a hemostatic, antipyretic, diuretic, astringent effect. It is useful as an additive in the treatment of hepatitis, malaria, arthritis, sciatica, rheumatism, headaches.

Hyssop

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Rare high-grade honey is obtained from the flowers of a medicinal essential oil plant common in the Caucasus, Altai, Ukraine, and Central Asia. The product is distinguished by its light color, smell of ginger and sage, and a pleasant bitter taste. It has a mild anti-inflammatory, wound healing, tonic effect, and is able to reduce the separation of sweat. Traditional medicine recommends using it for bronchial asthma, neurosis, angina pectoris, chronic problems of the upper respiratory tract.

Stone

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

One of the rarest and most mysterious types of honey is produced and deposited by wild bees in mountain crevasses. An alternative name is Abkhaz. There is almost no wax in the combs, and the cream-colored honey resembles crystallized caramel. Its solid consistency allows you to move it without special packaging and store it for several years without losing its useful qualities.

The healing properties of stone honey are confirmed by ancient legends. After all, wild bees are stronger than domestic bees, they are forced to survive in difficult natural conditions without human help, and they also extract nectar in an ecologically clean region.

Stone honey is completely absorbed by humans.

Kashtanovыy

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

The transparent liquid dark product is one of the rare delicacies produced in the south of the country. It is received in late July – early August. It is tart, does not become sugar for a long time due to fructose. It contains a large amount of potassium, magnesium, iron, calcium.

Chestnut honey helps to strengthen immunity, cope with nervous disorders, has antioxidant and antiseptic properties. Its use increases endurance, copes with insomnia, successfully resists colds and inflammation, and accelerates wound healing.

Cedar

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

This is the name of different types of honey: honeydew honey mixed with cedar resin, with pine nuts, with cedar oil. The product is amber in color, with a mixed fruity-coniferous aroma without bitterness. Crystallizes in December. Honey is effective for respiratory problems, vitamin deficiency.

Kenaf

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Its bees produce it from the nectar of kenaf, which grows in the Caucasus and Asia. It has a cloudy yellowish color with an unpleasant taste. It is undesirable to use the product as a winter feeding for bees. Most of all, it is used in the confectionery and tobacco industries.

Cypress

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Ivan tea is common in Altai and Siberia. Its flowering lasts 1,5 months. Transparent honey is colored yellow with a slight greenish tint. The taste is exquisite with hints of caramel. Candying occurs after 2 months, while it becomes white and thickens.

It has healing properties: it cures colds, soothes, normalizes sleep, eliminates headaches, and increases lactation. It is advised for stomach diseases, prostatitis, chronic constipation.

Clover

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

One of the best varieties is transparent honey without color, sometimes slightly greenish, has a faint pleasant smell and an exquisite taste. Sugar quickly turns into a white solid homogeneous substance. It has an expectorant, diaphoretic, diuretic, blood-purifying, restorative effect. Recommended in dietetic food. Used in the treatment of cough, hemorrhoids, atherosclerosis, gynecological diseases, helps to increase lactation in nursing mothers. In cosmetology, masks based on clover honey are used.

Maple

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

It is a rare variety and is harvested in very limited quantities due to the short flowering period of the honey plants. There are 2 types of product. From the holly bee maple, a light golden product is obtained with an excellent caramel, slightly bitter taste and woody aftertaste. The dark brown variety is obtained from the nectar collected from the Tatar maple (black tree), which blooms for only 2 weeks in late April – early May. To collect it, beekeepers have to take out the hives to the location of the peduncles.

Maple honey is effective in treating colds, cholecystitis, hepatitis, and urinary tract disorders. Copes with depression, stress, strengthens the immune system. Well helps to increase lactation while breastfeeding.

Chernoklenovy product is recommended for anemia, atherosclerosis, sleep disorders, gastrointestinal diseases. It is successfully used in cosmetology.

Coriander

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

It belongs to rare varieties because of the sharp smell of the honey plants themselves, saturated with essential oils, which does not attract bees. It is widespread in the Crimea, the Caucasus, and the Krasnodar Territory. Golden brown honey cannot be confused with any other because of its specific aroma. It begins to crystallize in the 2nd month after extraction, while retaining all its properties.

The product has bronchodilator, sedative, bactericidal, choleretic, anticonvulsant properties.

Red

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

A rare variety of scarlet colors with a floral scent is brought by Himalayan bees, collected from rhododendron flowers. An expensive exclusive product can be purchased in the countries of the East. It contains the drug andromedotoxin. Recommended for hypertension, diabetes mellitus, sexual dysfunction. Use with caution: an overdose of a hallucinogen can lead to a tragic ending.

Lavender

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

This variety is considered one of the best, capable of neutralizing 99% of pathogenic microorganisms. Collected in the southern regions from the flowers of mountain lavender. Transparent amber honey with a pleasant smell and unique taste.

Lavender honey helps to relax, relieve tension, eliminate headaches, relieve sleep disturbances, heal sore throats and other diseases. Cosmetic masks made from lavender honey make the skin elastic and velvety, and rejuvenate it.

Swallow

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

This light golden, almost white product with a fruity quince aroma is harvested from the swallowtail. Collecting nectar continues from mid-June for one and a half months. An increase in air temperature causes an increase in the sugar level in the nectar. In hot weather, honey condenses in the combs, making it difficult to pump it out even after heating.

Forest

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Belongs to the elite polyfloral varieties with a high content of honeydew, collected from forest herbs: wild rose, hawthorn, viburnum. lingonberries, fireweed. The honey is transparent with a floral aroma, tart taste, slight bitterness and fruity aftertaste. It is effective for ARVI, bronchitis, sore throat, nervous disorders, sleep disorders, gastrointestinal problems.

Citric

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

It is made by adding lemon slices to regular flower honey. If you do not remove the citrus zest, the delicacy will turn out with a bitter taste. The product normalizes the functions of the gastrointestinal tract, speeds up metabolism. Often used to get rid of extra pounds. It is recommended to store it in a cool place.

Lime

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Belongs to the group of the most valuable types of honey, it is considered a universal medicine. Linden blooms in the first months of summer. Fragrant honey, transparent, light. The floral scent is enriched with woody notes. The taste is sweet, caramel, with a slight bitterness. After crystallization, it becomes coarse.

It treats inflammation of the digestive tract, diseases of the respiratory tract, kidneys, copes with gynecological problems, eliminates toxins and toxins, normalizes metabolism, improves blood circulation, smoothes the skin.

Burdock

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Rarely found tasty thick fragrant honey with a fragrant spicy smell is known only to connoisseurs and experts. In fact, in terms of valuable properties, it is not inferior to lime tree. The product has an olive color. Used in the treatment of colds and many other diseases.

Meadow

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Collect nectar from medicinal meadow herbs. The color of polyfloral honey varies, it depends on the ratio of melliferous plants. The product is effective in treating colds and other problems.

Onion

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

A rare variety is obtained on hot July days, when other honey plants do not produce nectar, and onions are in full bloom. The honey is golden in color and has an aroma with a barely perceptible smell of onions. The onion component enhances the healing effect of the product. Traditional medicine uses this combination in the treatment of viral infections, thrombosis, strengthening the immune system, and stabilizing high blood pressure. Onion honey accelerates the restoration of connective tissues, reduces the risk of oncology, and promotes weight loss.

Alfalfa

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Nectar is obtained from flowers on alfalfa plantations. Honey of light and dark yellowish color quickly becomes sugared, turns white and thickens. It is completely absorbed, does not cause individual intolerance, has a beneficial effect on the functioning of the liver, gallbladder, strengthens the heart muscle and blood vessels, increases the immune defense, and nourishes the body with energy.

May

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

This variety is harvested in late spring – early summer from the first spring honey plants: bird cherry, hazel, violet, dandelion, fruit trees and shrubs. The color is yellowish, sometimes with a greenish tint. Crystallizes six months after collection. Effectively tones, promotes the elimination of toxins, treats neurological pathologies, colds, furunculosis.

Crimson

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Honey harvesting occurs at the beginning of summer, when garden and forest berries bloom. Honey belongs to polyfloral varieties, although due to the convenience of location, bees usually prefer raspberries over other flowers. Light honey is delicious. It helps in the treatment of vitamin deficiency, colds and kidney diseases, is an excellent tonic.

Melissa

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Lemon mint gives all its healing properties to honey produced from its inflorescences. Insects are attracted by a strong, unique aroma.

Interesting!

The name of the plant in translation from Greek means “bee”. It is often called the honey flower.

The lemon balm product has a delicate attractive taste with a slight sourness and a wonderful smell with mint flavor. In folk healing, it is used in the treatment of gynecological, neurological diseases, to maintain the heart, blood vessels, and respiratory organs.

Carrot

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

This rare variety of dark yellow color with a mild attractive odor cannot be found on the market, although it is difficult to call it monofloral. Collect it in June from seed carrot plantings. Sometimes beekeepers get this kind of surrogate by placing sweetened carrot juice next to the hives.

Honey borrows all valuable ingredients from carrots, especially carotene, which has a healing effect on eyesight. It is recommended as an anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, soothing agent.

Mint

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

For this valuable rare species, bees collect peppermint nectar, cultivated as a medicinal plant, from July to August. Amber honey with a peculiar smell, containing a lot of vitamin C, tones up, improves mood, disinfects the oral cavity, eliminates putrefactive processes in the intestines.

Cucumber

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

One of the most rare and expensive species is from cucumber inflorescences, adored by working insects. A rich yellow delicacy with a specific aroma of freshness and excellent taste increases appetite, improves the absorption of food, acts as a mild laxative and diuretic, treats colds, strengthens the immune defense. It is successfully used in cosmetology.

Dandelion

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Viscous early, quickly sugared golden honey from a common weed with a pleasant smell and taste is used in the treatment of jaundice, hypertension, sleep disorders, hemorrhoids, anemia.

Walnut

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

There are 2 options: nectar, collected from hazel, and with the addition of nuts. Matte honey of dark brown color with a barely perceptible nutty smell and a specific aftertaste.

Valuable healing ingredients make it a prophylactic agent for the prevention of seasonal colds, heart, stomach, and oncological diseases.

Osotovy

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

The color of fragrant monofloral honey with an exquisite taste, collected from medicinal weed honey plants, varies from white to golden. The product quickly becomes sugared, turning into a creamy fine-grained mass.

It is recommended for rehabilitation after heavy loads and injuries, for fighting infection, for treating neuroses, insomnia, chronic fatigue, and with weakened immunity. This versatile traditional medicine prevents and helps heal many diseases.

Sedum

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

During the flowering of the caustic stonecrop (rejuvenated), which gives abundant bribes of nectar and bee bread, the bees work, sparing no effort, producing sweet honey of golden color. The product receives useful qualities from the medicinal herb, which once healed Hercules from a fatal wound.

Honeydew

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

In hot weather, when there is no nectar, bees process a sweetish liquid into honey, which is secreted by insects that feed on tree sap. Its color depends on the type of tree. Low quality honey is not suitable for winter feeding of bees, it is safe for humans.

Parsnip

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Light honey of excellent quality has valuable medicinal properties that are used by pharmacology in the manufacture of medicines. Honey helps to heal dropsy, muscle aches, fever, rheumatism, insomnia, kidney and urinary tract problems.

Sunflower

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Fast crystallizing light honey with a fruity taste and pleasant aroma. It has a positive effect on the endocrine, respiratory, cardiovascular system, removes toxins, improves metabolism.

Field

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

The bees take bribes from the field forbs. The color varies depending on the predominant components. It has a calming, anti-inflammatory, wound healing, rejuvenating effect. Helps in the treatment of headaches, sleep disorders, cardiac arrhythmias.

Orange

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Elite expensive honey with a pleasant taste and scent of citrus. Bees collect it on tangerine plantations in Georgia and Abkhazia. Recommended for vitamin deficiency and to enhance immunity.

Powdery

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

One of the rarest types of honey, containing a maximum of glucose and trisaccharide melicytosis. It does not absorb moisture. The conducted research did not reveal the sources of powdered honey.

Motherwort

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Straw-colored honey with a delicate aroma and specific taste retains all the beneficial properties of the medicinal honey plant. Effective in the treatment of neurological and cardiovascular diseases.

Rapeseed

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Rare, thick, yellowish honey with a sugary taste and an excellent light mustard aroma is obtained from the flowers of essential oil rapeseed. It is used for the treatment of varicose veins, stomach ulcers, has a beneficial effect on the state of the vessels of the brain.

Resedovy

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

High-grade rare honey with a delicious aroma is not inferior to linden honey in taste and healing qualities. Coloring – amber with a reddish tint. Crystallizes 3-4 months after harvest. It is considered a good immunostimulant, helps with hypertension, ischemia, angina pectoris, depression.

Rowan

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

A rare monofloral ruby-colored variety with an intense aroma, excellent taste and a long aftertaste. The collection takes place in May. It is used in the treatment of renal diseases and hemorrhoids.

With royal jelly

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

The addition of royal jelly enhances the benefits of the product in proportion to each ingredient. They are taken equally. The base is light varieties of acacia or linden honey. Recommended as a general tonic in the treatment of hypertension, atherosclerosis, tuberculosis. Helps improve memory, normalize appetite.

Sugar

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Bees make it from sugar syrup. Healing properties are absent, instead of fructose and glucose – sucrose. Used in cooking as a substitute for sugar.

Bruised

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

A rare elite variety of thick greenish-yellow color with a delicate spicy smell and exquisite taste. Crystallizes rather slowly. Prescribed for the treatment of cardiovascular and neurological diseases, respiratory problems.

Sweetheart

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

The source of nectar is the flowers of the Govenia tree, which grows in the subtropical conditions. Honey in taste and healing properties is close to linden.

Pine

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

The variety is dark brown with a greenish tint and belongs to the honeydew varieties. Due to the lack of nectar, bees collect honeydew and honeydew in pine forests. Honey has a resinous taste with bitterness and pine aroma. The abundance of potassium in its composition contributes to the beneficial effects on the heart. It has a tonic, urinary and choleretic effect. Normalizes cholesterol levels.

Cellular

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Honey in its natural packaging is distinguished by its special medicinal qualities – it copes with almost all pathogenic microorganisms. It is very expensive, but it can be stored for a long time. The color and aroma are due to the properties of honey plants. It has a tonic effect, enhances the immune defense, and treats many diseases.

Steppe

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

One of the most valuable varieties with exquisite taste and floral scent is obtained from herbs: clover flowers, dandelion, burdock, thyme. Healing properties: strengthening the immune system, treating colds, intestinal disorders, sleep disorders, gynecological problems, gastritis.

Rough

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Greenish-yellow honey with a pleasant taste and a subtle subtle odor is not suitable for long-term storage. It is quickly sugar-coated due to the abundance of glucose in its composition, which improves the activity of the brain. Honey has a balanced structure and is completely absorbed in the body. Recommended for problems with the heart and stomach, eliminates nausea, heartburn, improves intestinal motility.

Dry

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Honey is prepared by granulation, removing moisture. It is used to sweeten drinks and is in demand in the diet of astronauts. It retains all beneficial qualities for a long time – anti-aging, antiseptic, antibacterial, used in the treatment of wounds and burns. On its basis, pharmaceuticals produce ointments and balms. In cosmetology, creams, lotions, masks, and soaps are made.

Tobacco

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Low grade brown bitter honey should not be used for food and for treatment due to insufficient knowledge of its properties. It is added to flavored tobacco products, used for winter feeding of bees.

Pumpkin

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

A rare elite transparent variety with a pleasant taste, bees are collected on a melon. It is used to enhance immunity, treat obesity, treat kidney and liver, and digestive organs. Contraindications – diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis.

Tulip

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Rare honey of reddish color with an exquisite taste and delicate aroma is collected from a subtropical honey plant – a tulip tree, which gives 1 kg of delicacy.

Phacelia

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

An elite rare variety of light honey with a delicate texture and velvety aftertaste. Suitable for winter feeding of bees, which collect nectar from it until late at night. Honey is effective in the treatment of blood vessels, cerebral pathologies, heart, stomach. Helps get rid of heartburn, gastritis, restores strength after long-term illnesses, tones up.

Cotton

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

A rare elite variety with a refined mild taste and a unique smell. Place of collection – Central Asia, time – from the beginning to the end of summer. Connoisseurs highly appreciate its useful qualities, which are the same with other types of medicinal product.

Intoxicated

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

A rare polyfloral variety containing resinous substances, and hop pollen no more than 6,5%. Found in Siberia, the Urals, the Caucasus. Sweet, bitter honey of amber color with a faint smell. It has a positive effect on the digestive processes, improves appetite, contains bactericidal elements.

Floral (from herbs)

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

An analogue of meadow and mixed honey. Nectar is collected from the best honey plants: oregano, sweet clover, alfalfa, sage, St. John’s wort, dandelion. Golden honey is fragrant, sweet with floral notes. Indications are the same as for other types of product.

Tea

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Honey plant is an Australian manuka shrub, a relative of the tea tree, growing in ecologically clean areas of southern latitudes, far from settlements. Elite dark honey with a rich refined aroma and refreshing aftertaste. It is famous for the fact that the unique composition is able to lift the mood, tone up, increase the immune defense, and suspend the aging process. The bactericidal qualities of honey cope with pathogenic microorganisms in pneumonia, meningitis, furunculosis.

Bilberry

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Rare light honey with a reddish hue, a unique unforgettable scent and a pleasant characteristic taste. Places of collection – the northern regions of Russia, where the world’s reserves of honey berries are concentrated. They recommend a healing product for diseases of the kidneys, stomach, especially honey has a beneficial effect on vision.

Black

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

There are 2 variants of the gloomy color of honey: honeydew and Egyptian caraway. Honeydew is considered second-rate, although it is quite useful: it helps to improve blood formation, makes bones stronger, and enhances immune defenses. Expensive Egyptian honey with a slight bitterness in taste effectively copes with pathogenic microbes, enhances brain activity, reduces the risk of senile dementia, and normalizes reproductive function.

Sage

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

A rare valuable variety with a delicate aroma and pleasant taste with a slight bitterness is harvested from the flowers of a medicinal plant. The product has absorbed all the benefits of the honey plant. The anti-inflammatory properties of honey effectively help relieve inflammation in the oral cavity, reduce swelling and irritation.

Eucalyptus

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

The honey plant is cultivated in the subtropics, in our country – in the coastal regions of Abkhazia. Creamy honey with mint flavor with caramel notes, menthol is clearly felt in the aroma. After tasting, the throat is a little sore. Crystallizes quickly – one month after harvest. The benefits of eucalyptus lie in its foliage, and honey is considered an exquisite delicacy.

Express

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

An innovation proposed by some scientists is the production of special medicinal honey by installing trays with sugar syrup with medications added to it around the hives. The idea was that the unpleasant taste changed, but the properties remained. The experience did not find consumer support: it is difficult to talk about the naturalness of such a product.

Esparcet

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

A rare elite transparent variety with a delicate aroma, interesting taste and aftertaste of herbs. Sugared slowly, turning into a fine-grained cream or greenish mass. It is considered a good general tonic due to its diaphoretic, diuretic effect. Recommended for gynecological problems, gastrointestinal disorders, to enhance potency.

Apple

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

A rare monofloral variety almost never occurs in its pure form. Honey with a delicate hint of garden fruit and a scent with a distinct apple flavor. It has a high content of iodine, iron and rutin.

The product is a strong antioxidant, rejuvenates the body, strengthens the nervous system, helps to cope with cellulite, various inflammations.

Poisonous

What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics

Among the medicinal varieties, a poisonous (drunk) type of honey is rarely found. Bees, for which it is not dangerous, collect nectar from plants of the heather family: rhododendron, azalea, mountain laurel, andromeda, wild rosemary, containing andromedotoxin. If you eat from 20 to 120 g of such honey, a person feels fever, nausea, dizziness, weakness and other symptoms similar to intoxication. Outwardly, this look is no different from the classic samples. The toxic glycoside contains volatile substances that disappear over time and the toxicity of honey becomes less.

There are many types of honey. Among them there are rare varieties that only amateurs and experts know about, and many have not even tried. Each of them has its own healing properties, but wise consumption is always beneficial.

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What are the varieties and types of honey: medicinal properties and their characteristics
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Anna Evans

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