If you plan to engage in animal husbandry or breeding poultry, then you must definitely start with chicken. The fact is that this poultry is truly considered one of the most unpretentious and easy to care for.
- General description of hen eggs
- Description of the breed Loman Brown
- Description of the breed of chicken Leggorn
- Description of the Kuchin breed
- Description of the breed Highsex
- Description of the breed of chickens Russian White
- Characteristics of the breed Iza Brown
- Tetra breed
- Egg breed Minorca
- Description of the breed Rhode Island
- New Hampshire breed
- Conclusion <
It is worth saying that chicken is a universal source of food for itself, as well as a stable source of profit. The chicken regularly lays eggs, and tender dietary meat is also eaten. It is not thrown away fluff with feather: they serve as an excellent natural filler for pillows, mattresses and blankets. Thus, it becomes obvious that keeping chickens is beneficial.
Which breeds of laying hens are most often used? The most popular are the following:
- Leggorn ;
- Loman Brown;
- Highsex ;
- Island and others
General description of the eggs of the chicken direction
There are many varieties in the catalog of laying hen breeds that differ in appearance and performance indicators. But, despite these differences, all representatives can be characterized by several common properties. For example, it is worth saying that absolutely all laying hens are of little weight. Typically, their mass does not exceed 2-2.3 kg. For this reason, all birds have a not too heavy skeleton.
The fact is that laying hens were bred for only one purpose: obtaining high-quality large eggs. For this reason, it is not customary to pay attention to meat characteristics.
These poultry quickly become sexually mature and develop rapidly. Usually, by the 130th day of life, they reach a maximum in growth, the first egg laying occurs on day 120.
There is one trait that unites representatives of all individuals that belong to laying hens. This is the look. All birds have bright plumage, while their wings and tail are lush and overall, as can be seen in the photo and video. The comb located on the head often has 7 teeth, and its color may vary depending on the breed.
Description of the Loman Brown breed
French laying hens of the Loman Brown breed have good egg laying rates. If you take a calendar year for the accounting period, you can get about 3 hundred eggs from one female, sometimes this figure is slightly larger. In any case, choosing this breed will make it possible to get large egg yields.
It is also worth mentioning that this species of breed is characterized by a rather long egg laying period, which lasts about 75 weeks, which makes it extremely beneficial to breed birds. As for puberty, the bird reaches it already on the 130th day of life. Compared with other poultry, this is quite small.
The characteristics of this laying hen’s chicken egg are as follows: the weight of one testicle is usually 60-65 g, and the color of the shell is light brown. After the end of the active period of oviposition, there is a pause, and all indicators go down. Of course, such a simple one is simply unacceptable for the farmer, so usually hens are slaughtered at this time.
Speaking about the Loman Brown breed, one can not fail to mention such an important characteristic as the percentage of chick survival. In the described breed, this indicator can be attributed to a record, because it is almost 100%.
Description of the Leghorn chicken breed
The German Leggorn chicken breed is not much inferior to Loman Brown, their description is similar. In Russian farms and farms, you can often find white (silver) or red (less often red) Leggorn.
If the previous domestic breed has puberty on the 135th day, here it happens a little later, at about 21 weeks. If all the conditions for normal life were created, then a chicken can lay up to 270 eggs a year.
Unlike the previous type of laying hens, the eggs of these birds are white even on their sides, their weight is also slightly less. is about 57 g on average. The breed shows the best indicators in the first year of life, after which the performance characteristics sharply go down.
Description of the Kuchinsky breed
This variety is distinguished by the fact that it is equally well established in different climatic conditions. This is extremely important and convenient for the farmer. A distinctive feature of the breed is a bright red color with a black tan and a bright red large comb.
Usually the first egg laying occurs at the age of 4-5 months, while you should not expect more than 180 eggs per year, this is the maximum figure that farmers have been able to reach.
In the literature there are references to record holders among this breed. So, one chicken laid about 200 eggs a year, but in practice this is almost impossible to achieve. Chickens called Kuchinsky Jubilee carry not very large eggs, whose weight is approximately 60 g, while the color of the shell is brown, light. This breed is most widespread in Ukraine, Russia, Belarus and other former USSR countries. At the same time, silver individuals are popular.
Description of the breed Highsex
This productive breed of laying hens belongs to the new hybrid, for its breeding super white Leghorn was taken as a basis, breeding and the content of which was originally engaged in in Russia. This bird has bright external differences from other hens. The most memorable thing is the shape of the comb, it resembles a leaf, and you can’t but pay attention to the weight of the bird, such hens weigh about 5 kg.
If you take the average, then the white chicken rushes about 8 dozens of weeks, after which there is a lull.Over a year, a bird brings a large number of eggs, sometimes more than 300.
It is noted that Haysex laying eggs are large, there are no eggs less than 60 g, and the shell is white. poultry farmers note that such eggs contain a low percentage of cholesterol, which makes them an ideal dietary product. For this reason, many prefer birds of this particular productive breed, and in the ranking of the best breeding eggs, they consistently occupy the first line.
Description of the breed of chickens Russian White
Russian white hens were bred in Russia, which is clear from the name. White color predominates in the plumage of the bird, although until the time of maturity the chickens are covered with a characteristic yellow fluff, this is clearly visible in photographs and videos. The head of this type of chickens is small, a distinctive feature is a yellow beak. The body is quite powerful and elongated, which refers to the characteristics of many breeds.
It is worth saying that the Russian whites were bred specifically for the harsh climatic conditions of Russia. Such birds will better adapt to cold weather and, accordingly, be less sick.
As for the egg production characteristics, Russian white can bring about two hundred eggs in one calendar year, while the weight of one egg is about 53 grams, and the shell is painted white.
Characterization of the breed Isa Brown
We now turn to the description of the breed Isa Brown, which occupies a confident place in the ranking of the best laying hens. Like the previous breed, Isa Brown perfectly adapts to a variety of climatic conditions, which makes its keeping and breeding as comfortable as possible. The breed originated in France, where the best breeders of the country worked on its creation, after which it successfully took root in Ukraine, Russia, Belarus and other countries.
Representatives of Isa Braun can produce about 300 eggs in one calendar year, their shell color is brown. One egg weighs about 60 g, looks quite large. The first clutch may appear at the end of the third month. If you keep birds in cages , you need to expect that each individual will consume about 120 g of feed.
This type of laying hen does not differ special sizes, their body size is average. A distinctive feature of the Tetra layers is the original shape of the crest, it takes on the nature of the shape of a leaf. At the same time, hens have a powerful solid beak, a relatively short tail, short legs that have a yellow color.
Only for the first year of keeping, the total number of eggs in clutches can be more than 240 pieces. It is worth saying that this breed is characterized by the fact that it starts to bring eggs very early, already at 20-2 weeks of life.
Egg breed Minorca
This is an unusual name for the breed received, thanks to its origin, because work on its selection was carried out on the island of Minorca. Further improvement of the breed took place already in England, after which the chickens gained world fame.
The maximum masonry by number of eggs occurs starting from the 5th month of bird life, usually this number does not exceed 170 pieces. The eggshell has a white tint, the weight of each egg is usually about 50 g.
Description of the genus Rhode Island
The birds have several distinctive features, the first of which is the crest, which it is colored pink, while the bird has a wide set chest and a powerful body. Otherwise, the body build of the hen is no different from other breeds from the catalog.
It is worth mentioning separately that the Rhode Island chickens have an unusual color, which distinguishes them from other laying hens. The feather is brown, reddish at the root, and darker at the tips, close to burgundy or dark red. It is from this dark tip that they determine how thoroughbred and purebred birds are.
A unique characteristic of the Rhode Island breed is the presence of a golden gene, thanks to which it is easy to distinguish males from females. Chickens have a characteristic spot on the back of their heads, which indicates the gender of the bird. In the first year of life of a laying hen, you can get about 200 eggs that are brown and weigh about 60 g.
New Hampshire breed
New Hampshire is a laying breed obtained as a result of breeding work with Rhode Island. The daughter breed is distinguished by its color, while breeders managed to improve many characteristics and properties. Now representatives of the New Hampshire breed can begin to rush from 3 months, the mass of one egg is approximately equal to 70 g, the color is brown.
In addition to good egg production, birds also adapt well to different climatic conditions, which is a positive feature for any beginner and experienced farmer.
It is worth saying that the nature of these birds is calm, they can be safely populated into cages as a house with other birds, without fear of fighting during breeding and maintenance. Another distinctive feature of this breed is that New Hampshire chickens are large, weigh at least 3 kg, which makes them high in price.
Varieties of hen eggs are enough a lot, which one is better, each poultry breeder must decide for himself, based on personal preferences. The farmer will have to make the choice anyway.