How often can one meet complaints from gardeners and gardeners that bulb plants have grown worse this year, although in gave a great harvest in the past. If the crop is sparse, onion plantings need to be transplanted to a new place. In most cases, the cause of this extinction of the plant is an improper planting, or sowing on an inappropriate bed. In this case, it is important for the gardener to know what to plant next year after garlic.
Not all gardeners know that garlic cannot be planting on the same bed for two consecutive years, it is necessary to adhere to the rules of the classic crop rotation, in which the culture every next season should grow in a strictly defined place. This order is primarily associated with substances that remain in the ground after harvesting, because often some gardeners completely impoverish the ground beneath them or oversaturated with various microelements, which negatively affects the crop.
You can whether to plant onions
Despite the fact that onions and garlic are close relatives, both belong to the onion family, they should grow separately and not occupy each other’s beds.Onions can be planted on such a bed no earlier than four years later, otherwise it simply will not grow and produce a meager harvest.
Why is this happening?
- Both plants are damaged by the same types of pests that successfully winter in the ground. Thus, the onion harvest will be doomed from the start.
- Garlic actively draws from the soil nutrients that are so necessary for the nutrition of other crops. It will take several years to restore them to the ground.
- To protect against pests, the plant releases special substances mycotoxins into the soil, a high concentration of which poisons onion plantings, preventing them from fully developing.
If a plant has traces of damage or disease during planting, it is strictly forbidden to plant such material, there is a risk of contamination of the soil with pathogenic pests, which will be very difficult to get rid of. For planting, select only the best seeds, feel free to discard small and traces of the disease. For planting onion crops, give the hottest and most lighted areas of the garden, on which nothing else grows. There are no major complaints to the soil, but the loose, loamy sandy ground, not enriched with manure, is most suitable for onions.
What can be planted after garlic? Proper plant neighborhood during crop rotation is an important topic.There are species that categorically cannot be planted with bulbous plants, but for some such an alliance would be just the thing. What else can be planted after garlic? You can plant radish, tomatoes or carrots. If you have flower seeds, then you can plant various flowers around the perimeter of the beds. The key to a good harvest of vegetables is not only competent crop rotation, but also the proper preparation of the soil for new plantings.
It is important to dig, treat with fungicides, and be sure to make the necessary fertilizers. When planting vegetables after garlic, it is convenient to use the rule of the top after the roots. After harvesting the bulbs, representatives of nightshade and amaranth crops will give a good harvest, all kinds of cabbage, between rows of which it is good to plant dill, its aroma repels many pests that are dangerous for these plants.
What can be planted after garlic? It is necessary to consider what kind of garlic grew in the garden last year. If we are talking about winter varieties, then after them the planting of cucumbers will be just optimal, because winter garlic actively saturates the soil with nitrogen. For spring varieties, it will be useful to pre-fertilize the soil with potash and phosphorus fertilizers.The main rule when planting in this case is that only those garden crops that prefer substances accumulated a year earlier by another crop need to be planted in the ground. There are crops that are most suitable for planting in garlic soil the very next year.
A wonderful crop of cucumbers is obtained precisely on garlic beds, nitrogen-filled land perfectly nourishes cucumber shoots , which directly affects the number of harvested fruits. You need to plant cucumbers observing the distance between plantings of 30-50 cm.
He also feels good on the bed after the onion early potatoes, he heals from substances left over by the year earlier, but mid-season and late varieties of potatoes, such a turnaround will only harm, since tubers can become infected with dangerous Fusarium. Thinning stripes in potatoes are an excellent defense of the latter from the annoying Colorado potato beetle. By the time the arrows are formed in July, the plant is actively preparing for self-defense against gray rot, at this time you can sow dill on greens between plantings.
The beds in which the plants are planted in a checkerboard pattern look beautiful and decorative not only are in the right cooperation with each other, but also refresh the general view of the garden. Plant potatoes in squares meter per meter, and fill the space between them with other plantings.Each season, just move suitable plants to the neighboring free square.
Perhaps the best choice for the neighborhood next year will be strawberries, beloved by gardeners. During the growth of the bulb produce useful substances volatile, which remain in the soil in the second year. Phytoncides have the best effect on the root system of berries, killing pathogenic bacteria and fungi. By planting strawberries, gardeners not only save the latter from common pests, but also spur the development of other plants adjacent to and next to the bed, provoking their development and active growth. Some gardeners grow strawberries and garlic together.
The best option is to grow bulbous plants around the perimeter of the garden, and strawberries will be the main plant. Thus, plantings will influence each other as positively as possible and visually will not take up much space.
There is still no better way to prevent the aphids from appearing in the garden come up with. After planting garlic, you need to sow this garden with tomatoes or plant tomatoes between the rows of cucumbers, beets and radishes. This neighborhood is in perfect harmony with each other.In this case, there is also a special symbiosis of bulbous plants previously growing on the bed, thanks to their smell, not only a gluttonous aphid aphid will be scared off, but also a bear with a May beetle, which can completely destroy all plantings in just a few hours. In turn, nightshade crops protect other plants from dangerous scab. Only in this case, you must observe the distance when landing. So that the plants do not interfere with each other’s growth, but complement and help, planting should be planted at a distance of at least 30-50 cm from each other.
Next year after planting the bulbous plants, you can plant carrots on this bed. Experienced gardeners also believe that co-cultivation of these two crops is only beneficial to both. Garlic protects carrots from carrot flies, which eats the upper part of the plant, while not allowing the rhizome to fully develop. After removing the arrows, carrots begin to secrete a special substance, which significantly increases the weight and size of the garlic head. Therefore, it is better to plant such crops together or in neighboring beds where the distance between plantings is not more than 65 cm.
Some types of flowers, especially favor the bulbous neighbor. Next to it, asters, roses and gladioli will be protected from the fungus that often affects them.
By planting a bulbous plant next to or after horseradish in the second year, you can significantly increase the concentration of ascorbic acid in the aerial, green part. For example, if you plant horseradish and radish after garlic, then on such a bed a pungent and specific smell will remain for a long time, but the soil will be decontaminated and rich in trace elements that are well suited for legumes. But after such caustic plantings, it is not recommended to plant delicate crops, such as fruits, on this bed.
If there is no free space in the garden
Unfortunately, our beloved hundreds are often so planted with different crops, which for a full crop rotation is simply not enough free space. In such cases, you can resort to a little trick. In the autumn, after harvesting the garlic, immediately sow any green manure that needs to be mowed in the spring and plant new ones in its place. In autumn, such a garden bed needs to be dug up thoroughly and new plantings should be planted at this place.
Many modern summer residents resort to growing garlic near household buildings, in which case a curved garden is created for it, in the center of which the garlic itself is planted, and along the edges there are various low flowers, which such a neighborhood will only benefit.To save space after the summer harvest of garlic, you can sow in its place various varieties of leaf lettuce or spinach for the remaining time they will still have time to please you with their juicy healing leaves.
Useful tips for gardeners
When choosing the most convenient neighbor or follower, it is important to know which substances a particular type of culture emits, saturates or depletes the soil, is it possible to mutually beneficial neighborhood with perennial plants already planted earlier. For convenience, you can make a table, or even a diagram of the garden, on which annually indicate what is growing. This method will allow you to most competently think over the subsequent planting of various plants, as well as calculate the rotation for a long time ahead. Experienced gardeners and gardeners have long learned how to reduce the amount of organic fertilizers applied in this way, because plants can prepare the soil for each other.
Proper selection will not only allow you to harvest a large crop, but also have a beneficial effect on his followers and new neighbors. In order for the soil to rest and prepare for the new crop year, after digging up onion plants, it is useful to sow wheat in this place in winter, it will serve as an excellent green manure.If there is no wheat at hand, take this place with mustard or rye, they quickly fill the soil with useful substances that will be needed next year.