During the gestation period, the female rabbits require specific care. Also, after okrolya, so that the rabbit has milk, you need to provide her with a balanced diet. Rabbits are animals that are not easy to breed because of their soreness and fastidiousness in food. Many breeders often have the question of how to feed the rabbit after the bark.
- The gestation period
- The diet during pregnancy
- The diet in the postpartum period
- How to improve lactation?
- Increased lactation with medications
- How to feed females in the cold season
- Conclusion <
It is best to carry out the case in the morning in the summer. the female to the male, and not vice versa. First, the feeder and the drinker should be removed from the cage. Immediately after the end of the process, the female should be put in a separate cage.
When mating is done, you need to ensure that mating occurs. After 5 days, a control mating is performed. If the female ceased to admit the rabbit, then the first mating was successful. Succulence is checked by probing the female’s abdomen. In a pregnant rabbit, the back of the abdomen is denser.
Perform the procedure 10-12 days after mating. At this point, the uterine horns are already enlarged and gradually filled with the fluid in which the embryos are located.On palpation, you can feel the embryos, they look like grapes, elastic oval.
The gestation period
The rabbit can give healthy offspring if it was provided for all of the gestation period essential nutrients and kept in comfortable conditions. It is necessary to calculate the diet in such a way that microelements are sufficient not only for the mother’s body, but also for the embryos for full development. To change the feeding tactics in time, you need to know how to determine the pregnancy of your rabbit.
The female reaches sexual maturity in 5-6 months, depending on the characteristics of the breed. The gestation period is about a month, the term for the most part depends on the number of offspring. Naturally, you should carefully monitor the animal to understand how soon the small rabbits will appear.
Often, without consulting a veterinarian, it is not possible to determine the presence of pregnancy. After fertilization, the rabbits become nervous, try to hide, and often get scared. Due to stress, rabbits even have miscarriages. After successful fertilization, the female will not allow the male to come to her, and hide from him in another corner of the cage. Already in 1.5 weeks you can feel the embryos in the belly of a rabbit, in three weeks the movement of the babies in the womb is clearly noticeable.
Diet during pregnancy
You need to feed the expectant mother more nutritious feed.It is necessary to introduce protein, and increase the amount of feed by 220 g. It is important that the rabbit has free access to clean water. About seven days before the birthing, silage, greens and roughage are excluded from the diet. Instead, increase the number of concentrated cereal mixtures.
For the normal development of rabbits and the health of rabbits, it is also necessary to introduce:
- eggshell fried in oven, and then chopped;
- omega-3 fatty acids found in fish oil;
An important nuance in changing the diet is the age of the woman in labor . If this is a young rabbit, then her body will still be at the developmental stage, even with rabbits inside, so her diet will be very different from the nutrition of an adult female. The feed of a young individual should be given 20% more than an adult female. Often, a new pregnancy is combined with breastfeeding, in which case the feeding will also be different. At this time, the female needs to add 350 g of feed.
Protein is added 18 g for every 100 g of feed. How to feed a rabbit before a scent:
- fortified supplements 20%;
- greens in the form of meadow grass 10%;
- dried grass 43%;
- cereal mixture 45%.
Dry branches are introduced into the diet to improve the digestive system. Do not overfeed the animal, otherwise it will cause obesity.Weight gain leads to an increased risk of giving birth to young rabbits with low survival.
In order for the animal to keep its good shape and easily withstand the period of feeding small cubs, you need to know how to feed the rabbit after okroli. The diet of the newly-born mother is the guarantee of her baby’s health.
Experienced farmers say that you need to feed the rabbit after a round of more nutritious feeds. Because her body must regenerate and gain strength to feed offspring. The time of the showdown most often falls at night or in the early morning. Duration about 25 minutes. After giving birth, the rabbit must be drunk with clean water. Milk begins to arrive immediately after the basting. For good lactation, the female should be given herbs, such as:
- vegetable tops;
The menu of rabbits should be fortified mixes of various additives, dried grass, oats and bran. They add to the feed almost the same as during gestation. Feed the rabbit after childbirth is also necessary abundantly. When the young rabbits are 2.5 weeks old, they are already beginning to gradually eat adult food, so milk powder is added to the mother’s food.The average daily diet of a female weighing 5 kg in the postpartum period:
- the first day – 330 g of feed;
- up to 20 days – 440 g;
- up to 30 days – 560g;
- before weaning rabbits from mother’s milk – 700g.
How to improve lactation?
Do you need to improve lactation? provide the rabbit with the necessary care. The nutritional plan will depend on the amount of milk. Very often, in rabbit-bred rabbits, there is a lack of milk. This may be due to the age of the women in childbirth, the number of nesting, as well as insufficiently balanced nutrition. The average production of milk from a rabbit per day 200 g
To improve lactation, it is necessary to stock up with barley, alfalfa, oats and corn. You can give herbs that stimulate the production of milk: fennel, elecampane, parsley. Such herbs should be strictly dosed, otherwise the esters in them can have a detrimental effect on the female and her offspring. It is also necessary to feed the females with silage and juicy root crops. It is not recommended to milk rabbits with milk, this does not improve lactation, but digestion problems may appear.
Increased lactation with medications
Another way to increase lactation is medications . For example, they use the hormone oxytocin, which causes an increase in lactation, through uterine contractions. After its use, milk appears during the day.
Using oxytocin does not guarantee lactation. If all else fails, you need to attach the rabbits to nursing rabbits or feed them yourself from a pipette. It is very important to ensure that only babies are fed on the first day.
How to feed females in the cold season
In winter, feeding rabbits with offspring is much more expensive than in summer. In summer, various herbs can be obtained without problems, but in winter you have to be content with hay. Nevertheless, the diet of the rabbit can be perfectly varied in the cold season.In the winter before childbirth, the diet should regularly include: hay, root vegetables, boiled potatoes, cereals, bran, oilcake.
In specialized stores they sell supplements that must be put in the rabbits’ food to restore balance. You can increase the amount of feed from cereals. When the rabbits are born in the menu, the rabbits need to introduce hay from herbs, high-quality silage. It is recommended to avoid legumes, because the female may have problems with the gastrointestinal tract.
Breeding rabbits is a rather troublesome task. However, their meat is valued for its high palatability, and gourmets do not stop the difficulty. In breeding any domestic animals, a large role is played by keeping conditions and a balanced diet. Every farmer should know how to properly maintain and feed a roared rabbit.
Before changing the composition of food, you must learn to determine the succession. A case is usually carried out in the summer, in the morning. After the first fertilization, in five days you need to carry out a second mating. The first sign that the mating was successful will be that the female will not let the rabbit come in.
Already on day 12, a palpation examination can be performed. The back of the abdomen will be harder than usual. In this period, you can already feel for the embryos. On average, the gestation period lasts about a month. The time will vary depending on the breed of rabbits and the number of rabbits in the womb.After determining the presence of pregnancy, you need to start giving rabbits more food.
Vitamin complexes, as well as foods high in calcium and proteins, must be added to the diet. Feeding rabbits with legumes is not recommended; this can cause bloating. In addition to enhanced feeding during gestation, a balanced diet should be taken care of after childbirth. During lactation, the body will spend much more strength and energy, so you need to increase the amount of food once again.
It is not recommended to give rabbits fresh milk to increase the amount of milk. Of calcium-containing products, it is better to introduce sour milk or milk powder. In order for the rabbits to have more milk, you can give them herbs, like fennel and parsley, but do this by following a clear pattern, otherwise the enzymes contained in them can have a detrimental effect on the health of babies and mother.