Keeping rabbits is a pretty difficult task. Ears are not distinguished by good immunity and very often susceptible to various infectious diseases. One of them is coccidiosis. For its treatment, special preparations are used that are added to the feed – coccidiostatics for rabbits.
- What is coccidiosis?
- Preventive action
- How do drugs affect coccidia?
What is coccidiosis?
Coccidiosis is a disease caused by simple parasites. For the most part, rabbits and birds suffer from this disease. Hiccups in the digestive system and pathological abnormalities in its work. The disease is detected during an external examination, laboratory tests. At autopsy, it was found that in people who died from this disease, the liver and intestines are covered with small white formations.
The disease is transmitted:
- from newly acquired animals that have not undergone appropriate prophylaxis;
- when food is absorbed by the causative agent of the disease;
- through contacts with rabbit coccidia vectors: flies, mosquitoes, birds;
- through milk and feces.
The presence of an ailment can be determined by such external manifestations:
- the coat becomes dry and does not shine;
- loose stools;
- causeless weight loss;
For rabbits, this ailment is fatal. If you do not provide timely help to the animal, the disease begins to develop rapidly. Coccidiostatics are powerful antibiotics that destroy pathogens.
Coccidiosis treatment involves not only taking medications, but also thorough hygiene and hygiene. To ensure that the whole herd is not infected, rabbits must be settled in separate cells. The containers themselves should be carefully cleaned and treated with an antibacterial agent. To date, various safe types of coccidiostatics for treating coccidiosis can be found on the shelves of vet shops.
The drug is used to prevent and treat coccidiosis in poultry and rabbits. The main functioning substance is diclazuril. The medicine is classified as low hazard. It destroys all varieties of coccidia that can parasitize in birds, cattle and small cattle, rabbits, pigs.
The product is one of low toxicity, therefore, repeated excess of the dose does not lead to intoxication.Solikoks is perfectly combined with other medicines. Its use is possible in any conditions and even when the body temperature rises or when the animal is under stress.
The tool does not affect development, does not provoke mutagenic reactions in the body. The substance is heat resistant and shows good results even when using small doses. Its main advantage is that it is rapidly excreted from the body and is not deposited in the liver cells. It can be given to rabbits throughout the entire period of keeping, until the slaughter.
The solution is given in its pure form or diluted in water. Dosage is calculated according to body weight and depending on the type of pet. Among the contraindications, only individual intolerance is noted. It can be used from any age. Shelf life of the drug is 2 years from the date of release, the product must be stored in a dark, dry room at a temperature of 5 ° C to 25 ° C.
The medicine is available in powder of white or light yellow color. The substance has a specific odor. The main active ingredient is amprolium hydrochloride 300. It has an inhibitory effect on coccidia in the stage of schizogony, without affecting the overall resistance of the body.
It is indicated for the treatment and prevention of infection with parasites that cause coccidiosis. The substance is added to the feed or liquid. Contraindications to the use of amprolium are individual intolerance and pathological changes in the liver and kidneys. The drug does not combine with other types of coccidiostatics and feed antibiotics.
Animals cannot be slaughtered after taking this medicine only after 2 weeks.
You can store the drug 2 years from the date of release. Storage should not be accessible to children and animals. Do not put the product near food. In dissolved form, the medicine can be kept for a day, after which it can no longer be used.
The main active ingredient is trinidazole. A synthetic agent with a wide range of effects. They are prescribed for the treatment and prevention of coccidiosis in cattle, small pigs, pigs, rabbits and poultry.
Do not give laying hens and individuals with individual intolerance to the main active substance. Slaughter can be done only after 8 days after a course of therapy. If slaughter was made earlier, the meat is fed to dogs or cats.
The main active ingredient is toltrazuril and the solvent. Effective against all types of microorganisms parasitizing in livestock, large and small, rabbits and poultry. Indications for use: treatment and prevention of coccidiosis infection.
Slaughter is allowed no less than 8 days after the end of the course of treatment. If the disease is in advanced form, it is recommended that the course be repeated after 5 days. If the drug is used according to the instructions, side effects are not observed.
When treating animals with coccidiostatic Baycox, all safety precautions must be observed. If the substance enters the skin or mucous membranes, immediately wash the affected area with plenty of water. The shelf life of the drug, subject to all prescribed recommendations, is 5 years from the date of manufacture.
The drug is available in suspension at a dosage of 5% or 2.5%. Included in the number of drugs that are aimed at treating protozoal infections. The main active ingredient is toltrazuril. It is used for the treatment and prevention of coccidiosis. The medicine has no contraindications. Coccidiostatic personnel must comply with all hygiene requirements. When working with the substance, it is forbidden to eat food, drink liquid and smoke.
In order to cure coccidiosis, in the absence of the above medicines, you can do it with a solution of iodine.The substance is dissolved in water to obtain a 0.02% solution. Iodine water is given to rabbits on an empty stomach before eating in the morning.
With this method of treatment you can not use metal drinkers. When the metal comes into contact with iodine, oxidation occurs, which can lead to rabbit poisoning.
The rabbits are given iodine solution for 10 days, and then after 5 days the course is repeated, increasing it to 15 days.
In addition to all kinds of antibiotic drugs, prevention includes adequate housekeeping and the creation of appropriate living conditions for your pets. Balanced food, clean cages, feeders and drinking bowls – all this is a guarantee of good animal immunity.
The main thing in keeping rabbits is to follow the vaccination schedule. Due to the fact that eared horns by nature are not endowed with good immunity, a person must independently take care of the health of his pets. Very often, it would seem, an elementary cold, leads to the death of an individual. To prevent this, a number of prophylactic vaccines have been developed.
The rabbit receives initial immunity with the mother’s milk, so young animals should be put away from the rabbit as soon as possible.To prevent coccidia infection 2 times a year, a therapeutic course of treatment with soloxox is carried out. The best time for this is the last days of February and the last days of December.
It is very important to observe the rules for placing pets. The increased density of the livestock in a small area significantly increases the risk of animals becoming infected with coccidia. Cells should be regularly washed with soapy water, disinfected with alcohol, dried containers, and then put the pets back. The quality of the greens that goes into the feed needs to be carefully checked.
How the drugs work on coccidia
Today coccidiosis can be successfully treated even in an advanced stage. Almost all types of coccidiostatics are synthetic drugs and are antibiotics. Most drugs are mixed in feed or in water. Once in the body, the active substance inhibits the development of parasites at the intracellular level. Pests feed on carbohydrates, and the drug reacts with them and displaces them from the cells, thereby depriving pathogenic microorganisms of food. Soon parasites die without carbohydrates. In severe cases, the course of treatment is carried out several times.
Timely intake of coccidiostatics prevents weight loss, the appearance of internal bleeding, pathology in the liver and kidneys. All drugs in this group are toxic, with the exception of soloxox.In this regard, the slaughter of animals for meat must be carried out after at least 8 days, and for some medicines – after 2 weeks. And only soloxox can be given from birth and throughout the entire time of detention, up to slaughter.
Dosages of drugs are calculated depending on the weight of the animals. The use of synthetic drugs requires compliance with all the rules specified in the manufacturer’s instructions. This applies not only to therapy itself, but also to people who work with drugs.
Anyone who comes into contact with a chemical during therapeutic activities should:
- carefully monitor their hygiene : wash hands before handling and always after;
- do not drink or drink while working with chemical m component;
- in case of contact with the dermis or mucous membranes, rinse with plenty of water and consult a doctor;
- work in tight rubber gloves.