Many beginner gardeners care about the proper harvest of garlic. Winter and summer varieties should lie for a long time without losing their qualities. That is why experienced summer residents have their own secrets. Harvesting and proper storage of the crop will help preserve the taste and useful properties of the product.
- Why is it important to harvest in time?
- Harvesting winter garlic
- Dates of digging
- How to check the ripeness of the vegetable
- Harvesting spring garlic
- Dates of digging
- Storage rules for garlic
- How to store at home
This vegetable not capricious in growing, but requires care and timely cleaning, if you want to get a quality and tasty crop. It is necessary not only to plant and dig the garlic in time, but also to be able to store it in the right conditions.
Why is it important to harvest the crop on time?
This is a question many beginner summer residents ask. This vegetable is easy to grow and prepare, has many useful properties. But why is it important to pick the crop on time and correctly?
Harvesting any kind of garlic usually lasts 5-10 days, this is enough to guess with the weather and collect all the vegetables at a time. The main thing to remember is better to remove the vegetable unripe. It has the ability to ripen during drying. An overripe shoot will sprout a second sprout, sprouting and losing its nutritional value.
Delayed digging and pruning can lead to the destruction of scales and the formation of denticles without husks. Such a crop will not last until January. It will become dry and unusable.
Harvesting winter garlic
As a spice, garlic is very popular in various cuisines. Now it is impossible to imagine the usual and familiar dishes without this interesting, but simple ingredient. It is winter variety that is most often used as a spice. It surpasses spring in terms of storage and appearance. They also differ in taste and useful properties. Winter garlic is planted in the winter, hence the name. It is impossible to say the exact number of days after which the garlic will be ripe and tasty, but much also depends on the type of vegetable.
Duration of digging out
Early ripening varieties in 85-90 days ready to dig up. Late-ripening variety 100-105 days.
Harvesting winter garlic is a simple and at the same time complicated procedure. If you miss the timing of harvesting winter garlic or vice versa, dig out the vegetables earlier, that is, there is a high probability of spoiling the qualities of the product. The main misconception of beginning gardeners is that rains and humidity are dangerous for garlic.
The time of digging up this particular variety affects its further presentation and taste. No matter in which territories or in what land garlic has grown, it is important to be able to determine how ripe the vegetable is and choose the right time to harvest the garlic.
In the middle lane for winter garlic, the time for harvesting begins in the last days of June or in the middle of July (best of all is Petrov Feast on July 12).In the north-west, these dates are postponed by a month, that is, the end of August, the beginning of September.
The exception is single-tooth (young heads). They ripen earlier for 20-25 days, of any early ripe winter variety. And that means it quickly starts up arrows in case of overgrowing. And also garlic should be removed either in the morning or in the evening. Hot weather and strong rays of the sun at lunchtime can ruin the presentation of the crop and kill useful properties.
How to check the ripeness of the vegetable
If you are unsure of the ripeness of the vegetable, carefully dig a few heads of garlic. They should be hard to feel, the scales can be easily removed, but not crumble, the teeth should separate well. Yellowed lower leaves will be another factor in crop maturity. Then it will be a sign that all the useful elements have moved from the aboveground part to the head and the time has come to harvest.
Harvesting spring garlic
Large winter garlic is great as a spice and spring keeps its nutritional properties longer. The second one is planted later, by spring, so the crop is harvested in late August and early September.
Duration of digging
The weather in autumn is very unpredictable. Harvesting spring (summer) garlic should not be missed.Due to moisture and rains, new young roots may begin to grow, garlic bulbs will no longer be useful, and their shelf life will be reduced. Much depends on the care of the vegetable, top dressing in spring and summer, weather and variety.
The main sign of ripening is yellowing and lodging of old stems and leaves. The time of picking vegetables should be accurate, because of your mistakes you can lose a storehouse of useful properties.
Storage rules for garlic
Before you figure out the proper storage, you need to understand that do after digging the crop. You need to dig carefully, for this, the forks are best suited, mechanical cleaning is not suitable. Do not cut the tops and roots, this is the next step after drying. Make sure that there will be sunshine on the day of harvesting, without rain and damp.
After digging, carry the food under a canopy, away from the sun and closer to the draft. Without cleaning or trimming anything, you need to suspend or decompose the bundles, depending on the availability of free space. Lay out in one layer to dry better.
After two weeks, you can continue cleaning: shake off the ground, cut the tops, prepare for storage. Storage rules for summer garlic are simple: it will be comfortable both in warmth and in cool rooms (up to 1 ° C). Store winter in the cold. Dry and well-ventilated rooms are best suited for this.
When planting and harvesting garlic on an industrial scale, the shelf life of the crop in one room is significantly reduced. It is transported to shops or other industries. In the first days they give small bulbs, and only then large ones, they can be stored for longer.
How to store at home
If there is no harvest at all or not so much, but summer residents grow vegetables for themselves, there are 5 main ways to store garlic at home.
- To the bottom of the head was not infected, you need to carefully burn it and put it in an open glass jar for at least 2 months. This will prevent decay and drying.
- One of the most popular ways to store nylon tights or mesh. Harvest of any sort is folded there and suspended in a dry and cool room.
- After drying the vegetables for about 3 weeks, put them in a plastic bag and bury them in the ground to a depth of 45 cm. You can bury them in a box or at home. The main thing is that the earth is dry. Dig bulbs before the spring thaw.
- Often the crop is placed in a cloth bag (linen) and hung in a dry, well-ventilated room.
- Salt is a product that any housewife in the house has. For a long shelf life, put the garlic in a plastic box or box, and sprinkle each subsequent layer with salt. Remove to the cellar or other cool place (balcony, corridor).
It is important to remember and know, if you want to get a high-quality and healthy product, you need to follow the terms of garlic harvesting, storage rules and further planting. Each of these methods is very simple, you do not need to make a lot of effort to repeat at least one of them.
When to harvest garlic, how to dig out correctly, which seeds to plant for garlic, tricks to dig out beds, what is the time of harvesting and how to store it? These are the most common problems of gardeners. It is not necessary to know clearly the date on maintaining order, you need to be able to navigate the ripening of vegetables.
Harvesting, storing garlic and onions are somewhat similar, but still need to know the differences and not to confuse. It is important to remember that it is better to harvest the crop in dry weather, well dry and peel. Only then this vegetable will give you not only its useful and nutritious properties, but also a good profit.