The main purpose of quail breeding is to obtain dietary testes. Egg production is directly related to the regimen and diet. Often, inexperienced farmers ask when quailing begins and how often they do it.
- Onset of puberty
- What can cause a decline in productivity?
- Methods for increasing production indicators
- Selection of the most profitable variety
- Which should there be a shell structure?
Onset of puberty
Among the benefits of quail breeding experienced farmers note the early maturity These birds puberty occurs in quails in 1-2 months, when their weight is 100 g. You can determine the onset of puberty if you have already bought adult chicks by their behavior. Females begin to whistle quietly, and males scream loudly.
How the quail is carried and how long the active clutch lasts depends on the breed and age. Initially, the production indicator is only 8 testicles per month, but the pace is gradually increasing and over the next 6 months their number is 25 pieces per month. The annual production rate of laying hens is 300 eggs.
Quails are carried at certain times of the day. The breed plays an important role. For example, Japanese quail lays eggs immediately after eating.The female is carried according to a certain pattern that every poultry breeder needs to know:
- for 5-6 days, the bird carries 1 egg per day;
- then there is a break for a day or two.
If the bird does not rush for a long time, there is a completely different reason, therefore it is advisable to consult a veterinarian. A drop in egg production can be triggered by an infectious disease or improper care. Before starting a quail, you need to find out everything about the proper care of them, about the optimal conditions and features of the maintenance.
What could cause a decrease in performance?
If the quail has stopped laying eggs, the farmer’s primary task is to find out as soon as possible what is the reason and eliminate it.When the egg production begins to decline, it is necessary to revise the diet and conditions of detention:
- illumination plays a big role: prolonged stay in a room with artificial light leads to the bird becoming irritable, which reduces productivity;
- temperature changes affect the appetite and the state of health of the birds: increased reduces appetite, as a result of quail, they lose vitamins and calcium; during hypothermia, the bird’s body immediately begins to redirect energy resources to heating, so the bird stops laying eggs;
- a draft can not only cause a drop in egg production, but also loss of plumage;
- changes in indicators humidity.
Diet is the main reason for the decline in performance. The nutrition of the layers should include proteins, protein, calcium and all the multivitamins necessary for the normal development. Egg production begins to fall, not only if the feed is improperly selected, but also when the diet is disturbed. Planting density is another important factor affecting egg laying.
When buying for keeping birds at home, the livestock has to be transported, which negatively affects the ability to lay eggs. The period of adaptation to a new place is from 14 to 21 days. In addition to transporting stress, quail sounds are too loud. During the molting period, any laying hen is calm.When a male in a herd is changed, the females begin to rush only after a week, it is impossible to influence this process.
The first alarm bell indicating that the birds have an infectious disease is a decrease in the productivity and quality of the products. Changes in the structure of the shell are a serious reason for seeking help from a specialist. The quail is actively carried for 2-3 years, when this age is reached, the birds should be sent for meat.
Methods for increasing production indicators
An unmistakable reason for the decrease in egg production is not always determined , because there are a lot of provoking factors. Even if the bird is flying normally, then for any poultry farmer an increase in production data is an end in itself. To ensure that the quality of eggs in quail remains at a high level and increases the growth of average indicators, it is necessary to add products such as:
- bone or fish dust;
- gravel and shellfish.
The right diet can be selected using the videos recorded by experienced farmers for beginners, where they share their secrets. It is very important not only to keep the birds in optimal conditions, to feed a full-fledged feed, but also to observe the regimen. During the day, an adult quail should consume 30 g of animal feed, divided into 3 doses. The quail cage should always be clean.To obtain eggs with higher quality indicators, females can be kept without a male.
The optimum indoor temperature should be up to 20 ° С. Artificial daylight hours should last about 17 hours. With an increase in this indicator, quail egg production slightly increases, but they quickly lose strength and begin to hurt, and in the long run may even die. It is important to remember that underfeeding or overfeeding birds equally affects egg production.
Selection of the most profitable variety
As mentioned above, the smallest representatives of the chicken family are valued for their precocity and high egg production. Among the most prolific species, 2 leading breeds are distinguished: Estonian and Japanese. Most often, the Japanese breed comes first.
The female rushes most actively, reaching 2-3 months of age. Throughout its life, such an individual is able to produce up to 1000 testicles, so the breed is in first place in popularity among our farmers. Relatively high competition can make English quail. Upon reaching the most productive age, the female is able to lay 20-22 eggs in 4 weeks.
Among the meat breeds, representatives of the Pharaoh breed, Texas white, Manchurian quail are highly valued. Individuals have a relatively low egg productivity, but they quickly gain quite a lot of weight. The meat of such individuals has excellent taste.