For the ability to stop blood, relieve pain and inflammation of the yarrow
was called “soldier’s grass”. Plants are even associated with this property.
some historical legends. As a wound healing agent
it is still actively used. But in this way it manifests
only a small part of the potential of this herb that
in different herbal collections is able to normalize the work of several
Useful properties of yarrow
Composition and nutrients
What exactly is used and in what form
Yarrow herb is used in the form of infusions, decoctions, extracts.
It is a component of teas that increase appetite, healing fees.
Freshly squeezed juice of the plant is used to treat wounds, with internal
diseases. Leaves and flowering tops are part of the bitters
and herbal liqueurs. They use both freshly harvested raw materials and
dry flowers and leaves of yarrow.
Yarrow flowers contain hemostatic
bitter alkaloid achilein, volatile oils containing chamazulene,
proazulene, thujone, borneol, pinene, camphor, eugenol, pineol,
flavonoid luteolin-7-glycoside, sesquiterpene lactones (matricin,
melefolide, balkhanolide, balkhanolide acetate), organic
acids (acetic, formic, isovaleric, salicylic),
esters and alcohols, choline, asparagine.
Yarrow herb contains the bitterness of achilein, volatile
oils, sesquiterpene lactones, tannins, flavonoids,
phytoncides, vitamins C and K, carotene..
The versatile therapeutic properties of yarrow are explained
a complex of chemicals contained in the plant. Effective
the hemostatic effect of yarrow is used for
pulmonary, intestinal, hemorrhoidal and nasal bleeding, and
also with bleeding gums, with uterine bleeding (with
inflammatory processes, fibroids). Using yarrow
to stop bleeding, preference should be given to
leaves of the plant, since flowers do not give such an effect. Along with
with this, the preparations of yarrow irritate the endings of taste
receptors and enhance the secretory activity of the stomach, expand
bile ducts, increase bile secretion in the twelve-fingered
intestine, increase urine output, relieve spastic pain in the intestine;
this causes their use with reduced appetite, hypoacid
gastritis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, ulcerative
spastic colitis, flatulence, with diseases of the liver, kidneys and
When used externally as a hemostatic yarrow,
anti-inflammatory, bactericidal and dermotonic agent,
drugs are effective for nesting alopecia (alopecia),
excessively oily skin, acne, hemorrhoids and herpes, promote healing
fresh and festering wounds, ulcers, boils, scaly lichen,
stimulate hair growth.
In folk medicine, yarrow is used very extensively. Accepted
it inside as a means of regulating metabolism, with dizziness,
nausea, headache, sleep disturbances, hysteria, chlorosis, malaria
and pulmonary tuberculosis, with kidney stones, with enuresis;
Yarrow finds application in gynecology – it is recommended
to regulate the menstrual cycle; prescribed to stimulate
lactation, and as a remedy for worms.
Monotherapy based on yarrow is rarely used, more often it
combined in fees with other medicinal herbs. Yarrow
common is part of a laxative, anti-hemorrhoid, appetizing
and gastric teas..
In traditional medicine recipes, yarrow is combined with such
plants like lavender,
etc. The most popular and classic combinations: yarrow
as part of Benedict Pharmacy is often used to improve
digestion; sage and yarrow stimulate the flow of bile and
charitable effect on the functions of the liver and stomach; at
bloating, flatulence well helped by steamed yarrow
with lavender, also such an herbal collection has a calming effect;
hemorrhoids are treated with a composition of calendula and yarrow; symptoms
premenstrual syndrome is relieved by a combination of yarrow
and motherwort; harvesting from yarrow and corn silk is recommended
with urinary tract infections; peppermint combined with
yarrow help with colds, flu.
According to some authors, despite the fact that the herb yarrow
increases the number of platelets in the blood, the threat of occurrence
does not arise. The hemostatic effect of yarrow is associated
predominantly with platelet activation and shortening of the period
The anti-allergic effect of yarrow allows you to successfully
use it for diathesis, eczema, urticaria, bronchial
In official medicine
Yarrow preparations available at the pharmacy:
- 1 yarrow herb;
- 2 yarrow powder;
- 3 yarrow extract is rare.
In folk medicine
With intestinal, gastric, hemorrhoidal bleeding, dyspepsia,
with mycotic pneumonia
(sometimes developing after prolonged use of antibiotics),
and also in order to prevent the formation of kidney stones, they are prescribed
tea: a tablespoon of yarrow flowers is brewed in a glass
boiling water. Drink half a glass twice a day. Overdose
can provoke a headache..
With hyperacid gastritis
(with high acidity) recommend collection: mix yarrow herb,
St. John’s wort, chamomile flowers and celandine herb (2: 2: 2: 1).
Pour a tablespoon of such a herbal mixture with a glass of boiling water, give
brew, strain and drink a third of a glass four times a day.
Yarrow for gastritis can be recommended as part of a variety of
in combination with sleep disorder, mix in a tablespoon of the root
valerian, lemon balm leaves
and yarrow herbs. Pour a glass of boiling water over and leave for 3
hours. After that, boil for 5 minutes, drain. Drink
little by little, several times a day..
For severe pain in the stomach, yarrow is used in combination
with chamomile flowers
(a tablespoon of yarrow herb and chamomile flowers per glass
With inflammation of the bladder, manifestations of calculous pyelonephritis
and hematuria caused by stones in the urinary tract, take
2 tablespoons of yarrow, birch buds, bearberry leaves,
and a tablespoon of grass cuffs and calamus rhizomes
mix with 2,5 cups of raw water, boil for 5 minutes,
let it brew for 30 minutes, drink the broth in 4 doses per day.
With a tendency to angina pectoris,
spasms of smooth intestinal muscles advise a tincture of yarrow:
take flower inflorescences of yarrow in a ratio of 1: 5 to 70%
alcohol. Take 20 drops before meals.
measure in tablespoons a mixture of yarrow herb, cystoseira
bearded and herb hypericum
ordinary (4: 2: 2), pour a glass of water, cook for 5 minutes and
take hot in the morning for a long period.
For heart palpitations, it is useful to take 24 drops of juice
yarrow and rue juice for 2 glasses of weak homemade wine
(drink twice a day).
disease 2 tablespoons of chopped yarrow herb boil
in a glass of water for about 10 minutes and take a decoction of 0,5 cups,
three times a day, a quarter of an hour before meals, for a month.
To improve appetite and speed up metabolism, use
yarrow juice mixed with honey..
apply infusion: 60 g of a mixture of dry herbs yarrow and nettle
pour 2 cups of boiling water into ceramic dishes, cover tightly
and let it brew for half an hour. Take a cup once a day (in the morning
on an empty stomach or at night). You can divide the quantity by
2 receptions: half a cup in the morning and half a cup before bedtime.
prepare a collection of hawthorn flowers and yarrow herb
(take in equal parts). Brew a tablespoon of this collection
200 ml boiling water, drain. Drink a quarter glass three times a day
To increase the amount of breast milk (to stimulate
lactation), you can take an infusion: a tablespoon of dried herbs
Pour yarrow with a glass of boiling water, let it brew under tightly
lid closed for 60 minutes, then strain. Drink a tablespoon
four times a day before meals.
For painful menstruation, the collection is recommended: take 50 g each
herbs of yarrow, lemon balm leaves and chamomile flowers.
Pour a tablespoon of such a mixture with a glass of boiling water, let it brew,
strain. Drink a third of a glass three times a day.
With nervous disorders, nervous exhaustion and overwork
useful collection of such herbs: yarrow, St. John’s wort,
angelica root (1: 1: 1). Herbal tablespoon
pour the mixture with a glass of boiling water, leave for 30 minutes under
lid, then strain. Take the infusion one hour before bedtime.
For weight loss, it is also recommended to take an infusion of yarrow,
anise and chamomile. This drink helps to cleanse the whole body,
myositis, lumbar pain a tablespoon of dry yarrow
pour a glass of boiling water, let it brew for 60 minutes, then
strain. Drink an infusion of a tablespoon 3-4 times daily before
With hypo- and avitaminosis,
as an antipyretic and tonic for acute
for respiratory diseases, a healing drink is prepared: 20 g of dried
yarrow herbs, 400 ml cranberry juice, a glass of honey, 3
l of water. Pour herbal raw materials into boiling water, boil for 5 minutes,
let it brew for 2 hours, then strain. Combine broth with cranberry
juice and honey, mix well, pour into a storage container.
Store in a dark place..
For boils, yarrow ointment is recommended: 2 tablespoons
spoonful of yarrow herb (dry) pour a quarter cup hot
water. Heat the mixture until very hot, then give
cool down. Add 20 g of petroleum jelly, grind until smooth.
Lubricate the boil with ointment.
Yarrow poultices are useful for local anesthesia.
Pour boiling water over 4-5 tablespoons of dry yarrow herb, wrap
in gauze cloth, in a warm form, such poultices should be applied
to sore and sore spots.
In case of bruises,
wounds are helped by a compress with yarrow: you will need 30 g of floral
inflorescences of yarrow, 20 g of thyme herb and 10 g of eucalyptus leaves.
Pour boiling water over the collection of herbs and leave for 60 minutes. Then strain.
Moisten a clean cloth or gauze abundantly in the infusion, apply to the affected
place and hold for an hour.
Pour 200 g of dry raw materials with 3 liters of boiling water. Let it brew 30
minutes. Then strain, pour into a full bathroom. To take a bath
before bedtime, no more than a quarter of an hour. Then take a warm shelter. Such
the infusion can also be used in lotions for eczema, abscesses.
For stomatitis, gingivitis, bleeding gums, rinsing is useful
decoction of yarrow with the addition of sage..
Powdered yarrow leaves with leaves
nettles (in equal proportions) have a hemostatic effect
Juice squeezed out of washed, clean yarrow leaves
applied to a fresh wound, stops bleeding and heals..
boils, tuberculosis of the skin and for rubbing with
baldness use a recipe: prepare a mixture of fresh, thoroughly
pounded yarrow herb and olive oil (in proportions
The use of yarrow in oriental medicine
In its “Canon of Medicine»Avicenna highly appreciated the healing
qualities and characteristics of yarrow.
In Chinese traditional medicine, one of the representatives is widely used
genus – Arabian yarrow
In scientific research
Briton N. Culpeper, physician and botanist, in his work devoted to
medicinal plants (“The Complete Herbal”, 1653), described
properties of yarrow as follows: “ointment from yarrow
heals wounds. Drinking a decoction of white wine stops bleeding.
The plant is used both for the treatment of fresh open wounds and
to heal ulcers and fistulas,
weeping wounds … if you have a toothache, chew a few leaves
yarrow … Yarrow helps with spasms and convulsions. “.
Modern research on yarrow is diverse in topics.
The medicinal properties of representatives of the genus Yarrow are characterized
in the study of Sednia S., Gohari A.R., Mokhber-Dezfuli N. et al..
The chemical composition of essential oil of yarrow
studied in the work of Pokrovskaya I.S., Mazova O.V., Apykhtin N.N., Plemenkov
Article by Chudnovskaya G.V. dedicated to the species Asiatic Yarrow..
Biologically active substances contained in yarrow
ordinary are the object of research by Shatalina N.V., Pervyshina
G.G., Efremova A.A., Gordienko G.P. et al..
Pharmacognostic study of the herb yarrow
presented in the scientific work of M.P. Glushko..
Yarrow greens are added to soups, sauces, stews, salads, like
addition to the side dish. You should know that the leaves of the yarrow
it is better to use in recipes in the spring, in the summer the greens of the plant
becomes rougher, harsher and takes on a bitter taste. Inflorescence-baskets
find use in cooking as a spice. Seasoning for
meat and other dishes are prepared as follows: dried flowers
yarrow is ground into powder in a mortar. The resulting material
sieved through a sieve. Store in a tight-fitting jar.
One teaspoon of dried yarrow (or several fresh
leaves), 240 g boiling water, a slice of lemon,
a teaspoon of honey. Boil water, pour yarrow, insist
tea for at least 10 minutes. Add lemon and honey. Drink hot. Honey
can be replaced with sugar (cane, coconut)..
Pasta with yarrow sauce
To prepare this dish you will need: 240 g of penne pasta,
4 tablespoons finely chopped garlic
salt to taste, 3 tablespoons olive oil, 2 teaspoons
finely chopped yarrow leaves, ./. cup white
dry wine, grated cheese for serving.
Separate the yarrow leaves from the stems, rinse well and finely
slice. Boil water, salt, boil penne pasta until
readiness. Fry the garlic in olive
oil until golden brown, add wine, keep on fire,
combine with ready-made penne and chopped yarrow. Cook
another 2 minutes over low heat. Serve the pasta with lettuce
and grated cheese.
Spicy yarrow soup
Foods needed: 50 g butter, 2 medium onions,
one small head of garlic, 2 teaspoons of curry,
one teaspoon of turmeric
2 tablespoons flour, 3 cups chicken stock, 120 g chopped
yarrow leaves, plain yogurt, or sour cream for serving.
Melt butter in a frying pan, lightly fry in butter
finely chopped onion,
paired with garlic, curry and turmeric. Add flour and cook
sauce for a minute. Then add chicken broth and bring to a boil.
Add chopped yarrow leaves and cook for 15 minutes.
Serve hot with sour cream or yogurt.
Beetroot and Yarrow Salad
450 g of beets
2 teaspoons of sugar, 3 tablespoons of young yarrow leaves,
4 tablespoons sour cream, 2 tablespoons red wine vinegar.
Boil the beets until tender, peel and cut into cubes. Mix
with chopped yarrow leaves, sprinkle with sugar. Fill up
salad with sour cream and wine vinegar.
Young leaves of yarrow (5 g) soak for a minute in boiling water,
chop well, mix with sauerkraut (150 g), green
onions (25 g). Season with salt and vegetable oil (10 g)..
Organic cosmetics manufacturers actively include extract
yarrow in skin care products
body and face, hair. Yarrow has a beneficial effect on
condition of sensitive oily skin, regulates the secretion of cutaneous
fat, tones cells and stimulates regeneration processes, moisturizes,
soothes and cleanses the skin; strengthens hair, treats acne and relieves
inflammation and burns.
How is yarrow useful for hair? To speed up
hair growth and improve their condition use the following recipe:
Pour 10 g of crushed dry yarrow flower mass
a glass of boiling water and let it brew for 60 minutes (preferably in a thermos).
After that, strain and rub the infusion into the hair roots. Before flushing
and wash with shampoo to moisten hair with infusion along the entire length. Infusion
can be added to the rinse water (at the rate of 2 scoops per
litere of water)..
Face mask for oily skin (with excessive
Prepare an infusion of yarrow from 3 teaspoons of flowers
inflorescences of a plant and a glass of boiling water. Mix infusion with powder
powdered milk, starch or flour. Apply the resulting gruel
on the face, soak for about a quarter of an hour, then rinse..
The yarrow planted in the garden does an excellent job
with the role of a fighter against insect pests, it also scares off ants.
Concentrated infusion of yarrow herb – effective
a means of combating garden pests (spider mites, aphids,
scale insects, thrips).
Some birds (such as starlings) use yarrow stems
when building nests. As it turned out, the plant scares off many
parasitic insects attacking bird nests.
Yarrow essential oil is used in winemaking, distillery
industry and perfumery.
Yarrow is a good nectar plant.
We have collected the most important points about the benefits and possible dangers of yarrow.
in this illustration and we will be very grateful if you share
a picture on social networks, with a link to our page:
It is a perennial herb of the family Astrological (Compositae).
People call grass bloody, sickle cutter, mother liquor,
woodworm, goulavitsa, white-headed, carpentine grass… Latin
generic name of yarrow – Achilles
– has several interpretations. According to the most common version
the plant was named after the hero Achilles, who was the first to use
herb for healing purposes, healing bleeding wounds with yarrow
Telephus. The origin of the name is also associated with Greek words.
«achilles‘(‘plentiful feed“) And”achilles»
(in translation “one thousand“, Implying multiple excisions
Science knows about 150 species of yarrow, including:
Yarrow – herbaceous perennial plant
height from 0,4 m to 1 m. Rhizome is creeping, branched. Stems
straight, ribbed, rarely pubescent. The leaf arrangement is alternate,
leaves are linear-lanceolate, bipinnate, dissected into linear lobules.
The leaves are petiolate at the roots, and those that are located on the stems
– sedentary. Small baskets of inflorescences are collected at the top of the stems
into complex shields. Reed flowers in baskets are white or pale pink,
tubular flowers are yellow. Achene fruit. Flowering period
begins in summer and ends by mid-autumn. Achenes ripen
Occurs along roads, on hills, slopes, in fields, on
forest glades, between bushes, in meadows.[2,3]
Yarrow grows in both richly lit and shaded
plots. Well tolerates wintering under a large layer of snow, without requiring
additional insulation. Adapts to any soil, but optimally
suitable soil of medium moisture, loose and fertilized.
The plant is propagated by seed and by dividing the rhizomes. In prepared
the soil in the spring or autumn period is planted in advance dug
and roots divided into 4 parts, with an interval of 0,2 m. Between the rows
maintain a distance of 0,3 m. Subsequently, the beds are weeded and
loosen the soil. Watering is rare. The seeds are sown immediately after they are
collection. Seedlings appear in the spring next year, after which they
In the second year of life of yarrow, it is advisable to feed with ammonia
saltpeter, and with the onset of autumn – potassium salt and superphosphate.
The plant can grow in one area for up to 10 years. Easy to carry
division and transfer.[3,8]
How and when to harvest yarrow? Grass, leaves
and flowers are harvested in the flowering phase (from June to October). Tops
stems are cut to 20 cm long, ground-level thickened parts of the stems
do not collect. The inflorescences are cut off or cut off the shields with a long stem
no more than 2 cm. Raw materials are dried in the open air or indoors with
good ventilation, spread out in a thin layer. Shelf life dry
material 5 years..
Wasps, as well as numerous species of butterflies (adults) and beetles
feed on pollen and nectar collected from yarrow.