Chinese potato growing technology

When cultivating vegetables, special attention is paid to the methods of this process. An interesting Chinese way of growing potatoes in various regions of the country. Only in Siberia and the North this method may not bring the desired results.

Content
  1. Features of growing
  2. Advantages of the method
  3. Disadvantages of the method
  4. Preparation of the landing site
  5. Preparation of tubers
  6. Planting tubers
  7. Growing crops
  8. Conclusion <

Китайская технология выращивания картофеля

Chinese growing technology potato

Features of growing

With the Chinese method of plant cultivation, its advantages, disadvantages and conditions Abundance of physical labor at the beginning of cultivation frightens away some people, but the end result leads to a desire to try strength in a new field.

The Chinese method of growing potatoes is based on planting only high-yielding varieties. Plants with medium yields will not produce a large amount products. Also need special soil, light and airy, because on clay and heavy soil, it is difficult for plants to develop and form fruits. The biological feature of potatoes is that stolons are formed only on the white areas of the stems. Thickening of stolons is our potato tubers.

To increase the yield, it is necessary to create conditions for the formation of stolons along the entire height of the tops.For this, it is important not to miss the moment of powdering the overgrown soil when potatoes are grown in Chinese, not allowing the stems to turn green. It is best to sprinkle when leaves appear, and the stem did not appear above the surface.

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Method advantages

The positive aspects include several conditions for obtaining an abundant harvest.

  • One medium-sized tuber can produce about 10 kg of produce.
  • A large number of fruits are grown on a small area.
  • The method completely eliminates weeding of weeds.
  • Watering is carried out less often, but more is required.
  • Plantings are practically not affected by the Colorado potato beetle.

Few planting potatoes in the usual way, few a boast that he did not have to contend with insects. Potato cultivation according to the new Chinese method is without weeding, which greatly simplifies planting care.

Wireworms, nematodes, cicadas and beetles are very capable of destroying a plant or partially damaging fruit tubers. The use of poisons and other chemical protection requires time, physical labor and financial investments, as well as getting rid of weeds. Chinese agronomists learned to do without pesticides and choppers.

Disadvantages of the method

There are also disadvantages of the Chinese method of growing potatoes:

  • The method does not give any guarantees of high yields.
  • Many people can’t dig out huge pits or trenches.
  • Even experienced gardeners do not always succeed in creating the right soil.
  • A large amount of organic fertilizers and special varieties of potatoes are required.

Often, potato growers doubt the fact that growing potatoes in the Chinese way is suitable for personal personal plots in different regions of the country. They note that it is necessary to create a special soil rich in humus with a loose structure.

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Preparation of the landing area

There are several methods of preparing the land when using the Chinese method of planting potatoes.

  • When planting pits are prepared by a small number of tubers.
  • Manually dig the ridges into which the plantings are planted.
  • The trenches can be of different widths: for one row or several rows.

Each meto d involves the creation of a landing site up to 1 m deep. All excavated land is placed along a trench or pit. According to Chinese technology, the soil needs to be improved to the state of the earth, like down.

In autumn, pits are prepared and organic fertilizers are laid on the bottom with a layer of about 10 cm. 3 cups of wood ash are added to 1 m².

When spring comes, they monitor the temperature of the soil. When it reaches 12 ° C, begin to plant planting material. Before this, create a soil for filling tubers.The earth, which was removed from the planting pits, is mixed with rotted manure, sand and ash. Sometimes rotten straw is added to make the soil looser and lighter.

Preparation of tubers

You can prepare planting material using traditional technology with a slight deviation from the norm.

  • The size of the tuber should not exceed the size of a chicken egg.
  • Germinated in the light and warm.
  • Potatoes ready for planting are cut into 2 parts.

Planting stock taken without visible damage and only super yielding varieties. If the room temperature is about 18 ° C, then germination will take place quickly and simultaneously on all tubers.

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Potatoes are laid in boxes in 1 layer. To save more space, tubers are sprouted in glass jars. At the same time, there is enough lighting for them, and a stable microclimate is created inside the container, which contributes to the rapid formation of sprouts. The tubers germinate and plant in about 2-3 weeks.

When the height of the shoots is 4 cm, the tubers are carefully removed and cut in half. The lower part of the fruit that does not have sprouts, according to the growing technology, is removed. The section is pollinated with wood ash and dried.

Planting tubers

Each half is laid down cut onto a fertilizer and ash pillow, sprinkled with a layer of prepared soil 30 cm. Emerging seedlings are treated with a solution of potassium salts and again covered with soil.New seedlings are sprayed with magnesium fertilizers, allow the leaves to dry, covered with straw mulch and soil. When the pits or trenches are full, to the soil level on the site, proceed to the next potato care procedure.

Growing the crop

The Chinese method of planting seed potatoes requires applying a large number of fertilizers.

Organics are added with each addition of soil to the trenches, and minerals are applied by spraying the leaves. This allows the plant to form more than 10 full-length lashes.

When the bush reaches a height of 30 cm, each lash is bent to the soil, leaves are removed and partially sprinkled with soil. Continue to spray with mineral fertilizers every 5 days and introduce organic matter into the soil at the base of the bush.

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Planting after the soil has dried out at a depth of 10 cm. Under each plant contribute up to 12 liters of water. The crusts formed after watering are removed by loosening, providing air access to the lower tiers of the plantings.

Leaves and tops are often pollinated with ash. This procedure not only fertilizes the soil, but also protects plants from diseases and insects. 2 weeks after the flowering of the bushes, the tops are removed to a height of 15 cm. Harvesting is carried out when the tops are completely dry. To do this, carefully remove the tubers with a shovel to the level of planting of the seed material.

Anna Evans

Author ✓ Farmer

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