Pregnancy and childbirth are processes, which overwhelm any living creature. During lambing, the female body experiences maximum loads, and, as a result, requires additional complexes of actions for recovery. Many breeders recommends closely monitoring the state of health of the mother during the birth of offspring. In addition to exhaustion and stress, one can also notice spotting in the goat after lambing.
Is it normal or pathology in artiodactyls? What should I do if the discharge is too plentiful and the animal weakens?
Isolation of the fluid in the body of the goat
For any living creature, the allocation of fluid from the body is a natural process. Viscous white grease in goats serves as a signal that hunting or childbirth is coming soon. It is secreted from the uterus of the animal during the process of ovulation or waste water. After lambing, the internal genital organs of artiodactyls undergo cleaning to be ready for the next pregnancy.
The duration of cleaning lasts about three weeks, but this factor may vary depending on how the birth took place. Usually the liquid flows without impurities and a pungent odor. Sometimes an active kid can twitch and damage the female’s internal organs. In this case, the discharge may last longer, and the uterus may become inflamed.If measures are not taken in time, then sepsis may begin and the animal will die.
Bleeding after lambing
The female leaves the female within three hours after giving birth. It contains amniotic fluid and mucus, sometimes with a small admixture of blood. This is considered the norm for a goat that has been soaked. In no case can the latter be pulled out by ourselves – otherwise it may break, and part of it will remain in the uterus. This can lead to suppuration and necrosis.
Usually, bleeding with a normal afterbirth stops flowing a couple of days after giving birth, but if this does not happen and the blood continues to flow abundantly, you should immediately contact a veterinarian.
Causes of heavy bleeding after lambing
Strong spotting is the first sign of a difficult birth. The causes of such discharge may be:
- mechanical injury caused by the calf;
- mastitis of the udder or cyst on the uterus;
- subinvolution of the uterus.
If the kid is not walking in the correct position during lambing, the uterus or vagina may tear. If the fetus goes backwards, or the head is tucked under the back, then most likely it will injure the female. Sometimes the baby can injure the arch of the uterus of the goat, resting on it with crossed legs. In this case, you need to help the cub to take the correct position.To do this, a gloved hand is thoroughly lubricated with petroleum jelly and poked in the goat’s vagina, laying the kid down correctly. If the calf goes with its hind legs forward, then a rope is tied to them and gently pulled out.
Mastitis of the udder or uterine cyst can also cause bleeding. In the first case, check the milk. If there is spotting in it, then, most likely, the goat has mastitis or it is bleeding. Follow sanitary milking standards to prevent this disease. Wash the udder with warm water before and after milking, do not keep the artiodactyl in the draft. This will reduce the risk of catching such unpleasant diseases. Remember that during and after childbirth, the goat is most vulnerable to lactose mastitis, therefore, prevention should be done in the first months of pregnancy.
Lack of muscle walls and poor contractility of this organ are called subinvolation. A similar pathology occurs if the goat moves too little and is kept in a tight pen. The uterine muscle tissue does not contract, which is why bleeding occurs, and in some cases, prolapse of internal organs. The second cause of subinvolution may be a large offspring – four to five kids. In this case, the organ stretches too much and cannot return to its original shape. To prevent this, drink the goat before birth with preparations containing vitamin A.
Dangerous consequences of heavy spotting
During blood loss, the work of all internal organs is disrupted due to a lack of oxygen and nutrients in the body. In the cells of the animal’s body, toxins begin to accumulate, and intoxication occurs. Long-term blood discharge is a threat primarily to the nervous system, which is why the goat weakens and may faint. Artiodactyl arterial pressure rapidly drops, pulse and breathing become more frequent. The body temperature of the animal drops significantly due to poor heart function. It is also worth noting that blood loss can be accompanied by pain shock – the goat will worry and not understand what is happening to it.
If the blood is not stopped in time, the animal’s limbs become cold, breathing is rare, and the muscles relax. General weakness is the main consequence of profuse blood secretions. If you don’t give the goat first aid, the animal will die.
Methods for treating the goat during bleeding
First of all, you should consult with veterinarians. If the lamb is the first goat, then for the adoption of childbirth it is better to call a doctor at home.However, in emergency situations, you can use certain drugs:
- Oxytociation – one ampoule twice a day 15 minutes before milking intramuscularly. This medication is aimed at improving uterine contractions. Enter for three days.
- Dicinon – one ampoule three times a day intramuscularly. This medicine improves blood coagulation and vascular health. Applying also for three days.
- Vikasol – one ampoule twice a day. This drug replaces diet, in the absence of the latter. Enter within three days.
- Bitsilin-3 (300,000 EU) – a light antibiotic that is used for prophylactic purposes. Reduces the risk of uterine inflammation with poor-quality placenta, which is an organic medium for many infections. Apply once after lambing, intramuscularly.
To prepare the injection solution from bicilin, special water for vaccination is required, which can be purchased at any pharmacy. The ampoule is dissolved in 2 ml of the base, and then injected into the muscle of the hind leg. Before injection, the injection site is treated with alcohol. Use only disposable syringes. During vaccinations, do not touch the animal’s bone, otherwise inflammation may occur.
In addition to medications, there are also effective alternative methods:
- Nettle infusion – a concentrated decoction of plants. You can also give stems in pure form.
- Onion peel decoction – half a liter of water a handful of onion peels, two tablespoons of sugar and one tea salt. The broth is infused for a day.
- Sugar water or glucose solution – 500 grams of sugar are added to half a liter of boiled water and given to the animal twice a day.
All these decoctions are rich in primarily on iron and therefore will help make up for the lack of this mineral in the goat’s body. Such treatment should be carried out if there is no abundant blood loss after lambing, but spotting continues after two weeks. This is considered the first symptom of the inflammatory process of the uterus. Other signs of active inflammation are putrefied odors, cloudy colors, fever, and general malaise of the animal. The goat can bleat at all costs, asking the owner for help, or, on the contrary, no longer have the strength to cast his voice. In this case, the animal requires a more active treatment than proposed above. Use such drugs in accordance with the instructions:
Strong antibiotics are also administered intramuscularly. The course of treatment is five days, after which the body gets used to the drugs and the medicine should either be replaced or canceled altogether.
Before using these drugs, be sure to consult a veterinarian – these drugs are difficult for the body.Be prepared to provide the goat with a special diet to support the liver and kidneys – these organs are primarily affected by antibiotics.
Treatment of blood loss in case of complications
If there is heavy bleeding for some reason reasons dragged on, you should immediately call a doctor – at stake is the life of the animal. First of all, a veterinarian will begin to restore the cardiac activity of the body. To replenish the blood level in the body of an animal, the following drugs are administered:
- Ringrer’s solution – two hundred ml twice a day;
- Saline – two hundred ml twice a knock;
- Gamavit or ascorbic acid – 1 ml twice a day.
These drugs will help restore fluid levels in the body. Worst of all, if a goat refuses to drink – in this case, artiodactyls are given droppers two to three times a day. If inflammation has begun in the animal’s body and the discharge has become purulent, then surgery is most likely needed. Therefore, treatment is best provided to the goat at an early stage of the disease, otherwise the animal may die or remain disabled. In case of complications after blood loss, the artiodactyl should be closely observed for at least six months. At this time, try not to consume the animal’s milk and take monthly prophylaxis.
So, scanty goat discharge after lambing is a natural process of cleansing the body.If the goat is noticed abundant white discharge after childbirth – this may be a sign of an early hunt or the remainder of the mucus after childbirth. Excessive bleeding for several days may be a sign of internal injury or inflammation. Watch the birth to give the animal first aid if something happens. Also, for these purposes, it is worthwhile to carry out prophylaxis to replenish the body with vitamin A and iron.