There was citrus in the thickets of the south … – leaving

Maniola (Maniola)

Just now I saw in a stall near the house citrus called mineola… I got interested and bought it. Here it is, in the photo at the beginning of the recording. I tried it. Tasty. The taste is quite unusual, similar to tangerine, but a slightly different aroma, different shades. It became interesting what kind of fruit it was, where it came from. I went to google – it turned out that mineola (aka “honey bell”, sometimes they write “maniola”, “minneola” on the price tags) is a hybrid tangerine and grapefruit. “Excellent,” I thought, “what is tangerine?” Went to google again – came across a couple more unfamiliar words. And, in general, I googled the whole review, which you are now reading.

Let’s start with that very mysterious tangerine. What is it? And this is just a type of mandarins growing in Morocco, Sicily, China and the United States. Tangerine is not a botanical term, and the isolation of tangerines from the total mass of tangerines is not strict. As a rule, tangerines are called red-orange bright tangerines, sweet, with easily peeling thin skin.

For example, Dancy’s tangerine. The same one, which at the beginning of the XNUMXth century crossed with the Bowen grapefruit, American citrus growers got mineola.

Dancy TangerineDancy Tangerine

Dancy was bred in Florida in 1871 by Colonel George L. Dancy.

In general, hybrids of tangerines with other citrus fruits are called tanhelo… The first tangelos were obtained in 1897, also in Florida. Strictly speaking, mineola is also tangelo. Other notable varieties of tangelo:

Curley, or sunrise tangelo (K–Early, Sunrise Tangelo). What kind of tangerines and grapefruits were used to obtain this hybrid, I could not find. But I did find information stating that this tangelo often produces fruits of such poor quality that the official rules of Florida citrus growers prohibit calling this fruit tangelo – so as not to create a bad reputation for the entire class of tangerine hybrids.

Orlando… The result of pollination of the grapefruit “Duncan” with the pollen of the same tangerine Dancy. Received by Dr. W. T. Swingle in 1911. To obtain commercially viable fruits of the Orlando tangelo, it must be pollinated with the pollen of the Temple tangor (more about tangoras later) or the Dancy and Firechild tangerines. As a rootstock, that is, the trunk on which tangelo cuttings are grafted, Cleopatra tangerine or rough lemon is used (about rough lemons below). That’s how it is all sly. Today’s consumer wants especially tasty fruits, that which itself has grown from seeds will not be eaten. So don’t tell your children that fruits grow on trees. Because, if we compare the costs of labor, then, perhaps, there are no less of them here than in the manufacture of buns, which, as you know, do not grow on trees. At least – yourself. And this is just Orlando’s tangelos do not grow on trees themselves:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

Tangelo new – This is a hybrid of clementine (about them too later) and tangelo Orlando. Received in 1942 by Dr. Jack Bellows. For the first time gave a crop in 1950. Recognized in 1964. The hybrid is self-fertile, i.e. requires external pollination. Typically, the Tangor Temple is used as a pollinator. Here is Nova:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

So I look and think: the devil only knows, I probably tried something like that, but it was sold most likely under the price tag “Mandarins”. After all, you probably know that 100% of those wonderful fruits that we eat are hybrids, and a large part of them are all sorts of triploids and tetraploids, i.e. uh … organisms with an increased number of chromosomes. In an amicable way, such simple words as “tangerine”, “apple”, “beet” should be found on store price tags much less often than they are found there. Simply, no one wants to complicate things. Does it look like a tangerine? It means a tangerine, otherwise you will have to explain to each customer what kind of fruit this is … Hmm … And then you will also explain figs. For example, there is such – tangelo Seminol (Seminole tangelo). And why he is a hybrid with what, neither in Runet, nor in the English-speaking Internet could be found. More precisely, one single source claims that all the same Bowen grapefruit with the same Dancy tangerine. But how does the question differ from mineola then? Unclear.

It still happens thornton… He’s tangelo too. Received by the already known to us Dr. Walter Tennisson Swingle from what we already know unknown. That is, it is known that from tangerine and grapefruit, but it is not known which ones. This hybrid is 110 years old this year. A lot, but not very much against the background of what you will learn from the continuation of this recording. Thornton looks like this:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

Farther. Coal fruit (Coals). Immediately picture:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

This unusual beauty happened by accident. In 1917, a certain J.J.R.Sharp, owner of Trout Hall Ltd. (now, as I understand it, Cabel Hall Citrus Ltd.), Jamaica, found such a gnarled thing in the pasture. Identifying it as a likely hybrid of tangerine and grapefruit, he took a stalk from it, grafted onto a sour orange, and proceeded to re-graft the offspring, choosing fruits with the fewest seeds. In 1934, he gave the country so much coalfruit for the first time that he was even able to start exporting to England and Canada. By the way, even though coalfruit is grown in tubs on windowsills even in Russia, in fact, Ugli is not only a tangelo variety, but also a trademark, i.e., it means that real coalfruit is only one grown in Jamaica by Cabel Hall Citrus Ltd.

There are many more Tangelo. There is, for example Bay Gold, bred in 1993 in New Zealand from Seminole and Clementine. there is Wekiwa, Canadian, with light skin, the result of repeated crossing of tangelo with grapefruit, like this:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

And that’s enough about tangelo. But what kind of beast clementinealready mentioned so many times here? And this is a hybrid of mandarin and orange-king, created by the French missionary and breeder Father Clément Rodier in Algeria in 1902. Actually, if you buy a tangerine, and it is somehow too sweet for a tangerine, it is quite possible that it is actually clementine. These are the clementines:


So, now to the tangoras. Tangor – the result of crossing a tangerine and a sweet orange. In the most general case, so to speak. Rather, it is generally accepted. It’s actually a little more complicated. The most famous tangor is Temple (Temple, Temple, Temple). Its origin is not completely clear. Like coalfruit, it was found in Jamaica, identified as a probable hybrid of tangerine and orange, transported to Florida in 1896, selected and put into production. In general, it is considered a “natural tangor”. It looks like this:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

It is also called Magnet и Piano… Indeed, today it is as tangerine as tangerine. Remember the 1970s, huh? Remember how the Abkhaz tangerines looked like in the new year? What color and size were they? Not the current ones, but the then ones, remember? This was more or less the tangerines themselves… And today “mandarin” is a very conventional name for, let’s say, a group of popular goods.

Ortanik (Ortanique) Is also, probably, a natural tangor. It was also found in Jamaica, but already in 1920. Since there were tangerine and orange trees nearby, they decided that it was a hybrid of them. The name was collected from the world on a string – or (ange) + tan (gerine) + (un) ique. Its other names are – tambor, mandor, mandora… In Russia, he is known as the last of them. Other tangoras are sometimes sold under the same name. Orthanic looks like this:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

Natural tangor of the East – tankan… This culture has been cultivated since time immemorial in the south of China, on the island of Formosa (Taiwan) and in the Japanese prefecture of Kagoshima. The tree on which the tankan grows is indistinguishable from the tangerine, however, the fruits make you suspect this citrus is a hybrid with an orange.

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

Marcot – also a famous tangor. And also of unknown origin. Florida tangoras are called Markots, about the parental varieties / species of which nothing is known for certain. The first tree was found in 1922 and built in good hands. Markot looks like this:

Tangor (Tangor Murcott)Tangor (Tangor Murcott)

And there is also a fruit that seems to be a tangerine, but not quite. It is considered a separate species, although there are suggestions that it is also a natural tangor. Called royal mandarin (Citrus nobilis, cunenbo, Cambodian mandarin). His appearance is quite memorable, it rarely happens in our stores and is sold simply as a tangerine:

Royal mandarin (Mandarin orange)Royal mandarin (Mandarin orange)

Satsuma (inshiu, Citrus unshiu) are also conventionally referred to as tangerines, although they are distinguished as an independent species. These are such special Japanese tangerines, on the basis of which many tangoras are also derived (sacuma-tangorov, to be exact). But we will not dwell on them especially, because they look predominantly like ordinary tangerines or mandoras (well, maybe some with almost red flesh), and there are already plenty of such pictures in this review. I would like exotic and sensations. For example, you know that lemon – also a hybrid? Plain lemon, which is Citrus limon, yes. The hybrid, however, is quite ancient. Genetic studies have shown that the whole variety of current citrus fruits gave rise to three types – the most common mandarin, pomelo and citron. Simply, citrus fruits cross very easily and mutate just as easily. Hence the whole carnival. Actually, there are two versions about lemon: the first is a hybrid of citron and lime (which, in turn, is a mutation of citron); the second, which seems to me more plausible, is a hybrid of orange and lime. Hybridization happened a long time ago, but when exactly and where is unknown. It is only known that when Marco Polo arrived at Khubilai in China, the Chinese already had lemons. And in 1493, Columbus had already brought lemon seeds to Haiti. Here. Everyone must have seen lemons. But about citrons, I doubt it. But the respected fruit is the primordial citrus, practically. Of all citrus fruits, citron is the most volatile. The variety of forms is simply amazing.

Here, for example, Yemeni citron:

Yemenite citronYemenite citron
Yemenite citronYemenite citron

Here Moroccan:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

Rђ RІRѕS, citron “Fingers (hand) of Buddha” (here they tell me that he looks like Cthulhu):

Buddha's Hand citronBuddha’s Hand citron
Buddha's Hand citronBuddha’s Hand citron

Please note – all these varieties have almost no pulp – one zest. And here corsican citron already even a little like a lemon:

Corsican citronCorsican citron
Corsican citronCorsican citron

Etrog (efrog, Greek citron, citron zedrat, Jewish citron):

Etrog (Greek citron)Etrog (Greek citron)

Although the pulp is, but somehow it is also not enough, and the zest is thick. It’s even strange how a thin-skinned one could mutate from such a monster lime… Outwardly, only some varieties of citron are similar camphor lime (kaffir lime, kaffir lime, Citrus hystrix, Kaffir lime, porcupine citrus):

Kaffir limeKaffir lime

And then – there is much more pulp and juice in it than in citron, and there is less zest:

Kaffir limeKaffir lime

Here is such a miracle. Its homeland, like some other varieties of lime, apparently, is Indonesia.

However, some sources attribute lime to the original citrus, like citron, pomé and mandarin. Well, you and I, probably, will not join any of these points of view, because the devil only knows how it really was there. I’d better tell you about one more citrus. Called lime (limette, Citrus limetta, Italian lime, sweet lime).

Sweet lime (Citrus limetta)Sweet lime (Citrus limetta)

Here, and in many other countries, you will not see such a name on the shelves: for some reason, limetta is almost always sold either as a lemon or as a lime. But in pharmacies, in New Age stalls with incense and in the “Everything for the bath” departments, you can easily purchase such a vial:

Limetta oilLimetta oil

As if for “aromatherapy”. In fact, it just smells good. In general, a lot of all sorts of essential oils are extracted from citrus fruits: they have a very oily and aromatic zest, and citrons have only one zest in general. True, they also make candied fruits from them.

Limetta is considered a hybrid with unknown parents and is classified sometimes as a variety of lime, sometimes as lemon.

The most typical limes are, perhaps, Persian and Mexican.

Persian (Tahitian) lime:

Persian limePersian lime

Mexican lime (West Indian lime, sour lime):

Mexican lime (Mamoncillo)Mexican lime (Mamoncillo)

It is the Mexican lime that is usually painted on bottles and cans of all kinds of lime drinks. Americans make pie filling out of it. Well, aromatic oil is also obtained from it, of course.

Indian lime (Aka Palestine, Palestinian Sweet Lime, Colombian Lime) has long been considered a hybrid of lime and lime, but attempts to cross these plants did not result in anything similar. So, today the Palestinian lime is considered an orphan hybrid. Such is the orphan, fatherless:

Indian lime (Lime douce india)Indian lime (Lime douce india)

And the freakiest of limes, perhaps, is australian finger lime (finger lime). It is also called citrus caviar… Because the pulp of an Australian lime looks like this:

Finger lime pulpFinger lime pulp

There are many varieties of them, with pulp of different colors. The origin is also unclear. The fruits are similar to multi-colored cucumbers:

Australian Finger LimesAustralian Finger Limes

Australian chefs use the pulp of finger limes as a side dish, add it to salads and soups, decorate fish and meat dishes with it:

Finger lime caviarFinger lime caviar

Here. There is also a well-known group of hybrids – limandarines (lemons) – the results of crossing tangerines with limes or lemons. Since time immemorial, limandarines have been bred in China. It is believed that the first limandarin was the result of a cross between a Cantonese lemon and a Cantonese mandarin. The Chinese red lemons that appear on our shelves are typical limandarines.

Red lemonRed lemon

Most limandarines, however, look more like tangerines than lemons, but it’s difficult to eat them, like tangerines: they are very sour.

For example rangpur – Indian hybrid of mandarin and lime:


Rangpur is sold as lemon, mandarin, lime and limandarin. In India, rangpur juice is often added to tangerine juice for its exquisite flavor. The Rangpur tree is hellishly tenacious and drought tolerant, which is why it is often used around the world as a rootstock for a wide variety of citrus crops. Rangpur fruits are used for making marmalade, in cooking, in canning. But sometimes they eat – there are amateurs.

Otahaith (sweet rangpur, Otahait rangpur, Tahitian orange). This is also a limandarin, also believed to be native to India. Opened in 1813 in Tahiti, from where the Europeans took it all over the world. Much like rangpur, but lusciously sweet. Looks like that:

Отахайт (Otaheite)Отахайт (Otaheite)

And then there is a lemon, which is not a lemon. Called rough lemon or citronella… It looks like this:

Rough lemonRough lemon

It comes from North India and is a hybrid of mandarin and citron. This is if you believe the geneticists, who, of course, did not stand there with a candle. Over time, the rough lemon ran wild, got to Southeast Africa, where it was picked up by the Portuguese in 1498, who carried it all over the world. A very hardy tree, it is also often used as a rootstock.

So … Damn, all these citrus fruits are so crossed with everyone that you just don’t know which way to move in order to preserve the appearance of a systematic approach. And nafik. I’m talking about the pomelo. The accent is on the second syllable, or you get a broom. So, witch’s broom. It is Citrus maxima, Citrus grandis, pummela и шеддок – in honor of Captain Shaddock, who brought pomelo seeds to the West Indies (to Barbados) from the Malay Archipelago in the XNUMXth century. Huge round or pear-shaped fruits with a rather thick rind, a lot of juicy pulp, and coarse, easily detachable membranes. One of the original citrus fruits from which all their variety has gone. The zest of the pomelo is yellow, green, and the pulp is yellow, green, red. Slides:

Помело (Grapefruit)Помело (Grapefruit)
Honey pomeloHoney pomelo

When in the 1980s appeared in the USSR grapefruit, I kept trying to figure out what the hybrid of what with what this wonderful thing. And everyone told me that this is a fruit in itself, and not a hybrid at all. It is noteworthy, however, that grapefruit was first discovered by Comrade Father Hughes in 1750 not just anywhere, but in Barbados. And the devil knows how much after that it was considered an independent plant, and then they suddenly found out that it was a hybrid of a pomelo and an orange. Grapefruits are quite large (smaller, however, than a pomelo), their skin is green, yellow (thinner than that of a pomelo), and the flesh is yellow and red. The membranes are usually bitter. Grapefruit juice is very good, although many people do not understand its taste. I remember that in 1996 I was looking for grapefruit juice all over Stavropol, and the saleswomen in the shops, as one, were surprised to say: “Why do you need grapefruit? It’s not tasty. Take the orange one! “

The already mentioned father and mother of numerous hybrids – grapefruit duncan, the variety was bred in Florida, in 1830:

Duncan Grapefruit (Duncan Grapefruit)Duncan Grapefruit (Duncan Grapefruit)

Hudson Grapefruit:

Hudson GrapefruitHudson Grapefruit

Grapefruit, as a hybrid of an orange and a pomelo, turned out, apparently, in a natural way, but now again with a pomelo they began to cross it on purpose. There is, for example, a famous hybrid oroblanko – the result of crossing Siamese sweet pomelo and Marsh grapefruit. Received 1958 from the University of California Research Center, released 1980.


Since oroblanco was the first specially bred hybrid of grapefruit and pomelo, other hybrids of this type are often called this way (in stores, however, they are all called simply grapefruits or just pomelo), although they also have their own names. For example retinue – the result of crossing the same varieties, but done in Israel (release 1984):


It doesn’t even look like Oroblanko.

Another mystery of nature – New Zealand grapefruit:

New Zealand GrapefruitNew Zealand Grapefruit

It is called grapefruit, but it is believed to be either natural tangelo or a hybrid of pomelo and grapefruit. The place of origin is also unclear – either China or Australia. Considerably sweeter than most grapefruits.

Grapefruit and orange hybrids are called orange… Among the orange stands out chironya – citrus, the fruit of which is the size of grapefruit, and tastes more like an orange. Chironya is also a natural hybrid. They found it in 1956 in Puerto Rico, scratched a turnip, stuck it somehow into the classification and began to cultivate it. Here is the chironya:


But this thing is called sunkat, shocks or sour tangerine, Citrus heavy:

Сункат (Sunki)Сункат (Sunki)

By themselves, its fruits are not eaten, but interesting hybrids were obtained with his participation – yuzu и calamondine. Yuzu (ichandrine, youthful) – the result of crossing Sunka and Ichang-papeda (Ichang lime). About papeds a little later, and yuzu looks almost like a real lemon, only a little rounder. And the same sour. Although the lemon did not spend the night there. This hybrid is already two and a half thousand years old. Here is:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leavingThere was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

The second hybrid of Sunka – calamondine (Aka golden lime, Panamanian orange), the result of crossing sour mandarin and kumquat (about kumquat also later). This hybrid is of Chinese origin, but it got to Europe through the Philippines. He inherited more from sour mandarin than from kumquat, but he has an edible kumquat-like crust. Calamondin crosses well and became the parent of many hybrids on this occasion. It is eaten in a variety of ways – by itself, raw, dried, dried, added to the marinade for fish, salted like cucumbers, marinated with spices and served with meat, make jam, marmalade, candied fruits. It looks like this:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving


Well, God himself ordered after that to go to kumquatam… These are such small, with the extreme phalanx of the thumb of an adult man’s hand, yellow or orange fruits, similar in shape to reduced lemons. They are usually sold in large grocery stores, in laminated foam trays. They appeared in Russia relatively recently, just a few years ago. At first they were hellishly expensive, but today they have fallen in price. Here, if you haven’t tried them yet, then you’ve probably seen them:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

The kumquats were attributed to citrus relatively recently – when Swingle suggested isolating the subgenus Fortunella in the genus Citrus (actually for kumquats). That is, pomelo, mandarin, citron are both the Citrus genus and the Citrus subgenus, and the kumquats are the Citrus genus, the Fortunella subgenus.

The homeland of the kumquats is most likely China. That is, they are mentioned for the first time (in 1646) by a European author, but as a fruit grown in China. And in 1178 they are already described in Chinese literature. In 1712, kumquats were included in the list of crops grown in Japan. Actually, until now, the main regions of kumquat cultivation are China, Southeast Asia, Japan. In Europe, they are cultivated on the Greek island of Corfu. Also kumquats are grown in Egypt, Israel, Florida.

By the way, small sweet and sour things that are sold in stalls with dried fruits under the names “dried lemon” and “dried tangerine” (or even worse – “dried lemon”, “dried tangerine”) are actually dried kumquats. Well, as a last resort – limequats or mandarinquats… As you might guess, limequat is a hybrid of lime and kumquat, while mandarinquat is a hybrid of mandarin and kumquat.

Limequat Justis (hybrid of Mexican lime and round kumquat):

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

Mandarinkvat Indio:


There are still lemonquats (lemon + kumquat) and oranges (orange or tripolyata + kumquat). But, attention, fasttime – hybrid of Youstis limequat and Australian finger lime:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

Hmm. And the waters are infernal fruit:


It citranzhkvat – hybrid citranža (which, in turn, is a hybrid of orange and trifoliates, she is a ponzirus, I will tell you if I have enough strength) and kumquat.

By the way, before moving on to the very exotic, let’s stop for a while at oranges… Oranges are sweet (that, in fact, what we are used to understanding by the word “orange”) and bitter or souralso known as oranges… At the same time, sweet orange is more closely related to tangerine (which is most likely an ancient hybrid with pomelo) than to orange, i.e. bitter orange, which, although, probably, also originates from pomelo and mandarin, but in some other way.

The birthplace of bitter oranges is China and North Burma. In the XNUMXth century, they were brought to Spain through Morocco and cultivated in Seville. Here it is – seviano, Seville bitter orange:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

In Seville, they are now produced 17 thousand tons per year. Bitter oranges are not eaten fresh, they do not make juices (well, because they are bitter), but they are used in the hybridization of citrus fruits, they are used to make orange bitters, to give orange flavor to liqueurs, and also as a seasoning for fish and how raw material for the production of aromatic oils. In the latter capacity, he was especially famous bergamot (bergamot lemon, bergamo sour orange) – a kind of bitter orange with a very bright recognizable smell:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

It has been established that bergamot is an ancient Mediterranean hybrid of bitter orange and lemon. It is the bergamot oil (and not the bergamot pear, as some think) that the popular Earl Gray black tea is flavored.

Bitter orange like a squirrel (japanese citrus, the canalicle) Is a purely ornamental plant. In Japan, it is grown to admire:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

And here is a completely edible hybrid of sour orange and pomelo – natsudai or nacumikan:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

True, although it is edible, it is still much sour than any pomelo or grapefruit. Natsudaidai is a natural hybrid. His tree was accidentally found in a garden in Yamaguchi Prefecture in the XNUMXth century.

We are better known and accustomed to sweet oranges… Their homeland is also China. They became known to Western Europeans significantly, almost 300 years later than the bitter ones, only in the XNUMXth century. But in the XNUMXth they were already cultivated in Sicily, Seville and Portugal. The fruits of the first harvests were so unfortunate that they, like the fruits of sour oranges, were first used only as a seasoning for fish. Actually, by the way, only sour oranges were called oranges for a long time, and the definition of “Portuguese” was first added to the name of sweet oranges. Considering that the word “orange” itself means “Chinese apple” sounded probably funny. After all, in many European languages ​​the word with the root “orange” stuck behind the sweet orange. By the way, it is to oranges that we owe the word “greenhouse”: originally a greenhouse was a building designed to protect capricious orange (orange) trees from European weather. The scientific name for sweet orange has become Citrus – Chinese citrus.

Well, everyone has seen ordinary orange oranges (no matter how strange this phrase may sound), I will not talk about them. But just a couple of hours ago we bought (again in a stall next to the house) such miracles:

Blood orangeBlood orange

Next to the one on the left was written “orange Washington”, and about the one on the right, the saleswoman said that it was hybrid of orange and plum… Tweedledee, as they say. When I bought such an orange for the first time, the saleswoman assured me that it was hybrid of orange and pomegranate… Tweedledee too. I’ll explain now. Take a look at how these oranges look inside. This is the smaller one (about the size of a small tangerine):

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

And this is the one that is bigger:

Blood orangeBlood orange

So, about trullya. Our science has not yet matured to the industrial commercial cultivation of interfamilial hybrids. Most citrus hybrids are intrageneric, intertribal, in extreme cases intergeneric intrafamily – within the rue family, to which all citrus fruits belong. And hybrids between rue (orange) and rosaceous (plum) or rue and loosestrife (pomegranate) simply do not exist yet. On the shelves of shops, anyway. Yes, cross-family hybrids already exist. The Chinese, for example, said in the second half of last year that in the coming years they hope to bring agricultural production of wheat-flax and soy-corn hybrids to a commercial scale, but so far all this is growing only on research plots. And these are not citruses.

So what is red oranges then? And here are the red oranges. Their Russian name is kinglets… Americans call them blood oranges bloody oranges… They are divided into slightly pigmented (light red), red (bloody) and highly pigmented (dark red, deeply bloody). The fruits of the beetles are smaller than those of regular oranges. There are quite a few varieties. The most famous ones were bred several centuries ago in the Mediterranean (mainly, probably in Malta). Surely it was not without mutations, but there could be no question of any interfamily crossing several centuries ago. So it goes.

The deepest bloody kings – sanguinelli и moro:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leavingThere was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

Yeah. Here we are with you and got to the ponziruses. Ponciruses – an independent genus of the subfamily of the orange family of the Rutaceae family, including one single species – trifoliate or ponzirus three-leafed… Fantastically beautiful tree:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

The fruit is round, yellow:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

So, tripoliata is not citrus. And hybrids of different citrus fruits with her are intergeneric. I already told you about citrange. There is nothing to show there, it looks like an orange. And here is an interesting picture of orange leaves (left), trifoliates (right) and their citrange hybrid (middle):

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

Rђ RІRѕS, citremon – a hybrid of tripolyates and lemon:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

So, they exhaled, got up, walked around, moved their ears, drank tea – there was not much left. Moving on to papedam… This is not the word “victory” in the Prevedmedvedski dialect – it is a subgenus of the genus Citrus. In short, papeds are the most primitive citrus fruits. According to recent research, they contributed their genes to many of the true citrus and kumquat species. There is also a version that papeds are the direct ancestors of lime. Kaffir lime and winged lime are sometimes even referred to as papeds. Paped fruits are small, their pulp is often saturated with numerous droplets of aromatic oils, which makes the fruit inedible. Of all citrus fruits, paped trees are the most hardy and cold-hardy, therefore they are often used as rootstocks for oranges, limes, lemons and especially kumquats, whose root system is very weak.

Fetus drink papeda:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leavingThere was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

Well, as you already understood, papeds are used for hybridization. For example, nightmare (kabosu) – Chinese, but especially popular in Japan, a hybrid of papeda and orange:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

Cabosa is used to make marmalade and aromatic vinegar.

Papeds are also called eremocytrus or australian dessert limes… This is also a separate subgenus of citrus fruits. Eremocytrus has a drop dead shaggy tree and small green fruits:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leavingThere was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

Here. There are many more, in fact, different interesting citrus fruits, but enough about them already. Let’s talk a little about their family brothers. There are a hell of a lot of rookies and they are incredibly diverse. But there are genera, apparently, more and less close to each other. For example, murray – a separate genus of the Rutaceae family, not citruses. But their fruits are similar to citrus fruits, and therefore everyone who is engaged in the cultivation, study and hybridization of citrus fruits is also interested in murrayas. Murray is also called orange jasmine… Murray looks like this:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leavingThere was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leavingThere was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

Murrayas are grown in tubs, from which bonsai are made. Murraya fruits are edible. Murraya flowers smell like jasmine. It can bloom for six months in a row. On the same tree there can be flowers, buds, and fruits at the same time. Murrayu Koniga also called curry tree… Its dried crushed leaves are added to the seasoning of the same name. The leaves of murraya könig are also fried in oil, which then becomes fragrant and used for cooking meat.

Still close to citrus severinia… Here is a tree:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

It is also called the Chinese indoor (box, tub) orange. Bonsai are raised from it, as well as from the murraya. In general, it is bred as an ornamental plant. The fruits of severinia are as follows:


Severinia was successfully crossed with the sweet orange of the Hamlin variety and from Sunka. But I did not find any pictures or a popular explanation of what came of it.

There are still Afrocitruses or citropsis… They are – african cherry oranges… These are trees with small edible fruits that vaguely resemble citrus fruits. Here is Gabonese citropsis:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

But citropsis from the homeland of the Orthodox people-battleship – from Uganda:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

Feronia lemon, sour lemongrass or indian wood apple:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

A wild Indian rue with very sour (although they say there are also sweet) edible fruits with an almost wooden skin.

But a good name sounds great in my opinion – ceylon orange:

There was citrus in the thickets of the south ... - leaving

Orange fruits are very bitter, but the leaves, if rubbed or broken, have a strong lemon aroma.

Just in case, I looked for information about interfamilial hybrids of ruts. It seems like they tried to introduce some apple genes into some citrus with the help of some viruses. A lot of theory, a lot of technical terms. What happened is not clear. If later some infa on this topic flies into my head, I will gladly share it.

Links to materials:

  • “In the thickets of the south, there lived a citrus …” on the website hrenovina

You can bookmark this page

Anna Evans

Author ✓ Farmer

View all posts by Anna Evans →