Before choosing a kind of culture, we need to take a look around: each has its own qualities, positive and negative sides. A variety of cucumbers Khutorok fell in love with everyone, due to its early maturity, and who would refuse to pick up a fresh one as soon as possible? Some craftsmen grow it in warm loggias and on glazed balconies, pampering themselves with crisp cucumbers in the middle of winter.
- Variety characteristic
- Planting cultivars
- Soil preparation
- Caring for the bush
- Watering <
- Pest treatment
- Ants <
- Conclusion <
Characteristics of the variety
Khutorok cucumber is a hybrid pollinated by bees, the flowering is mainly female.
However, if you like experimenting and want to grow it at home, you can pollinate it manually.The fruits are cylindrical in shape, barely tapered to the base, their length varies around 9-11 cm, and their weight is from 90 to 100 g. , color green, with white stripes and black spikes, tubercles large with a clear shape. The crop of cucumbers from one plant can reach 4.5-5 kg. But these are just the characteristics that a cucumber f1 has, a description of the advantages we will consider further.
This variety has a lot of advantages that make it so popular among gardeners around the world:
- the cucumber has no bitterness, fragrant, crunchy, tasty, this makes it a great option for salads;
- quick ripening. Harvest can be harvested after 30 days from the moment the seeds come up;
- disease resistance: root rot, powdery mildew, real and false;
- tolerates stressful conditions;
- The Khutorok variety of cucumbers is universal, it is well suited not only for raw dishes, wonderful pickles and marinades come out of it.
- aesthetic appearance, small and neat green vegetables of the correct form decorate the table well, are suitable for figured slices and complex carbs.
Like many other cucumbers, it remains ulcerative for diseases:
- Gray rot;
- Ascochitosis and others.
Prevention of diseases
Here are some recommendations for their prevention: it will be correct to observe the rotation of cucumbers, do not plant the plant in the same place sooner than after 4 years. There is no need to plant seeds too thickly, the result may not please you. Cucumbers can get sick from cold watering, so it is better to defend it in the sun. Regular cleaning of plant debris will only benefit, do not allow the spread of infections.
Planting a variety
Seeds are sown in late May – early June, in open ground, or in a greenhouse to a depth of 2-4 cm.
Before this, it will be useful to soak them for a day in water, so the culture will take root more easily. The distance between the holes should be 40 cm. Evenly, as between the rows. Before the first shoots, the crops are covered with a film at night to protect them. It’s important to remember that this is not a self-pollinating variety, and if you use a greenhouse, get ready to pollinate the flowers by hand.
Prepare the soil
Before planting, it is recommended that you prepare the soil. A good crop of cucumbers contributes to the drained soil, fertilized and rich in nitrogen. High acidity soils are calcified to avoid crop disease. For fertilizer, you can use 20 kg. manure, 30 g of superphosphate and 10 g of potassium chloride, all this is well mixed and used per 1 sq. m. m. of land.
Care for the bush
As soon as three leaves appear on the cucumbers, the soil is loosened to feed the plants. Potassium chloride and saltpeter are added, at this stage fertilizers will be enough, and before the first color they are fed again.In the future, the addition of mulch will accelerate the appearance of the crop, it will fulfill a protective function and retain moisture. In addition to mulching, there are other, modern ways to cover the culture, they will be able to let in the sun’s rays and will not let the weeds grab the garden so easily, they will keep the soil moist for a long time. When the cucumber has five leaves, it is necessary to pinch their tops, do this to increase the number of female inflorescences.
Cucumber is a moisture-loving vegetable, and loves daily watering, they are made in the evening, warm water, every two to three weeks combining with top dressing. So that the cucumbers taste sweet, and watered abundantly during the setting and active growth. An important point will be timely harvesting, otherwise cucumbers begin to overripe and pull on the juices, preventing new ovaries from developing.
The real nightmare of the cucumber garden is the melon aphid, this insect clings to the plant in whole colonies and feeds on its juices, multiplying until it dies.
Tinctures from tobacco products will fit: tobacco , wood ash with laundry soap, onions and garlic. But in addition to the active struggle, there is one trick that prevents the appearance of a pest: ladybugs significantly reduce their population, in order to attract these beneficial insects, it is enough to plant leaf mustard, or dill, these plants attract enemies of melon aphids.
The spider mite causes great inconvenience in greenhouses, as in the case of aphids, the mite eats juices and is excreted in a similar way.
But besides this, digging the soil for the winter helps a lot, in which case the insects die. The gall nematode can affect the roots, this pest is removed by replacing the infected soil with a healthy one, 50 cm deep, in the greenhouses the soil can be steamed, or the ground can be frozen in winter by removing the snow layer. Clean tools are used in the process so that the infection does not recur.
Another an adversary of cucumbers can be ants digging countless tunnels and bringing aphids with them. They get rid of them by regular digging of the soil, placing a special trap with syrup, anthills dig and fill with kerosene. In addition, you can dust the earth with slaked lime or pour boiling water into the ant nest.
Khutorok is a fast-growing and sustainable hybrid variety, good for growing in greenhouses and on open ground. It has a beautiful presentation, this is a very good option for pickles from which the neat gherkins come out, but Khutorok will approach the salads no worse, he is not bitter at all. If desired, it can be grown at home by placing it on a loggia or balcony. Observing the necessary, simple care of this crop, you will get delicious and beautiful cucumbers that complement the aesthetics of your table.