Nubian goats are rarely found in Russia, but are quite popular in their African homeland.
- About the Nubian breed
- Appearance and character
- Productive advantages
- Advantages and disadvantages for breeding
- Content Principles
About the Nubian breed
The breed got its name from a small homeland – Namibia, from where animals were taken by British breeders for experimental breeding. Although the mountain goat has the same homeland, it has nothing to do with livestock. The Nubian goats, related to the meat and dairy genotype, have established family ties with Swiss and Indian representatives. American scientists helped the Nubian breed become more productive and productive by linear and closely related crosses.
The studbook recorded the new breed as Anglo-Nubian.
in domestic agriculture Nubian goats came from American farmers in the early 21st century. The stock of breeding Nubian goats in Russia totaled only no more than a dozen. Often, when selling Nubian goats, farmers’ demand for this breed is constrained by its high cost. The cost of the Nubian goat is rather high, and the price at which it is available to buy a goat and purebred goats often reaches 120 thousand rubles.
Appearance and character
The description of the breed is certainly connected with her drooping ears dropping a level lower than the animal’s face than some are reminiscent of basset hounds. Yes, and the character of many note in them similar to the dog.They treat their owner as the leader of the herd, will certainly respond to the nickname given to them and, when they see strangers, like a guard dog, will rush to protect their loved ones.
The Anglo-Nubians have a memorable Greek profile. The nose of animals with a small hump. For some breeders, the Nubian nose is more similar in appearance to the Roman oval.
The woolen color of Nubian goats can be varied, but most of the shades come down to brown, but there are Nubian goats with a shade of white gold. Nubians can be:
- chocolate and black,
- with leopard spots and white-brown,
- cream and piebald.
The coat of the Nubian goat breed is short and feels smooth and silky. Videos with Nubian goats and their photos demonstrate the beauty of these exotic animals.
Most nubian goats are hornless, but this does not apply to the dominant pedigree trait. Goats were originally horned.
A general descriptive characteristic refers these animals to rather large livestock. So, females gain weight up to 80 kilograms, and some males are able to reach body assy of about 100 kilograms. Goat growth is also rather big – up to 0.9 centimeters high at the withers.
The meat and dairy Nubian goat breed gives good milk yield.After the first lambing, a goat can daily bring dairy products from 3 or more liters. Their lactation period lasts almost all year round and is approximately 300 days. Thus, farmers who own a Nubian breed can boast annual milk volumes of up to 1 tonne.
Nubian goat’s milk has qualitative characteristics:
- the average fat content is 4, percent ,
- the protein component of milk – from 3.7 percent or more,
- the lack of smell and the specific nutty taste of milk.
The volume of milk yields from nubiek grows with subsequent lambing.
The Nubian goat breed is characterized by intensive growth, therefore, in African countries, nubi skie goats bred often, not only for the subsequent production of milk from them, but also for meat.
Nubians Sexual maturity begins with seven months of age, but in the process of mating farmers allow animals when they reach the age of at least one year. The gestational age does not differ from the duration in other breeds and is 150 days.
Advantages and disadvantages of breeding
In addition to its good looks, the Nubian goat breed for breeding and keeping has a number of other advantages that allow farmers to opt for these animals regardless of their high price:
- the potential possibility of increasing the productivity of Nubians after the second and third lactation periods can reach up to five kilograms of milk per day,
- a long lactation period ensures stable production dairy products,
- milk received from Nubians is competitive in the agricultural market and goes to the production of high-quality cheeses,
- the intensive growth rate of young animals makes it possible to quickly get meat when breeding animals,
- rather high fertility (2-3 kid per lamb) and the vitality of young animals makes it possible to quickly increase the number of livestock.
Among the shortcomings of the breed, some breeders note their pickiness in the feed ration and more thorough care than others require e breed. In addition, Nubian goats are very selfish in nature and are not ready to coexist peacefully in contact with other domestic animals. The presence of foreign livestock is annoying and leads to a decrease in productivity.
It should be noted right away that the heat-loving exotic goat is not ready to endure Russian harsh climatic conditions, therefore it is not recommended to bring these animals in all regions.
It is certainly worth choosing the necessary insulated room for keeping Nubian goats, they drafts and excessive humidity are detrimental, since animals are prone to pneumonia.
The room where the Nubian goat will live should be light, warm, clean and dry.
For picky Nubians, owners should arrange wooden loungers covered with fresh straw . An unchanged straw litter will become an occasion for the animal to start showing its African burrows.
The feed ration of the Nubian goat breed must include tree branches – willow, maple, linden, mountain ash. In addition to this, the menu is varied due to concentrated feeds, which account for up to 300 grams per individual to maintain its viability, and up to 250 grams plus in order to maintain milk yield, how many are required per 1 kilogram of production.
milk yields in Nubian goats can be done using barley and oat crops, which are added to the feed ration in milled or steamed form.
The amount of hay given per winter in the winter season is up to 5 kilograms, grain concentrates st It gives about 2 kilograms, vegetables and silage – up to a kilogram. In summertime, licks are laid out at walking places, in winter salt is added directly to drinking water.
The peculiarity of goat nutrition during the mating season is the addition of the main diet of legumes and cereals.