An ordinary guinea fowl is considered a relative of quail and turkey. Nowadays, it can often be found in domestic chicken coops. Guinea fowl is also called a parasite exterminator. This bird is also very nimble and quite friendly.
- History of the breed
- Characteristics and lifestyle of a guinea fowl
- Eggs of a guinea fowl ordinary
- Bird life
Many farmers are not happy with the activity and perseverance of an ordinary guinea fowl, it is not serious about hatching eggs. This bird has the habit of nesting anywhere. these small flaws can easily be turned into polo perfect qualities. If it happened that the guinea fowl threw a nest and did not hatch eggs, you can put a hen in its place. If there is no chicken, you can replace the heat of her body with an incubator lamp.
History of the breed
In the first, the guinea fowl breed fell on the lands of Europe in the fifteenth century. Due to its excellent ability to quickly adapt to the climate, this type soon ends up in all poultry yards. At the beginning of the eighteenth century, this species was brought to the territory of the Russian Empire under the guise of a decorative bird.
However, already in the nineteenth century the decorative bird began to be used for household purposes. Soon, the guinea fowl begins to grow on the same level with other pets.Guinea fowl stands out among the crowd of its feathered relatives. It has a unique appearance:
- This common bird is called royal, thanks to its unique scallop, which looks like a crown.
- The head of a feathered bird has a multicolor color, but does not have feathers.
- Under the chin of a feathered, baggy growths are spread above the neck. The neck itself is unusually long.
- The feathered beak has an interesting hook shape.
- Guinea fowl has a disproportionate head to an elongated, rounded-shaped body. Its length is approximately 50cm. ordinary guinea fowl has a motley color, dark shade.
- She does not have large wings.
- At the end of the body there is a voluminous, lowered tail.
- Eye color may be gray or blue.
There is also an ordinary albino guinea fowl. There is no pigment in the skin and feathers of this beautiful bird. Against the background of other individuals, they have a more salable appearance. The male is a little larger and a couple of tones lighter themselves.
The breed lives not only in bird yards, but also on the outside.
Wild birds get into small flocks, choosing the leader of a mature, strong male. The wild representative of this species is absolutely not afraid of people. But these birds cannot be called bold either, because they don’t make contact with humans, trying in every possible way to avoid contact with them. From the attacks of predators, guinea fowl reads in the bushes or takes off into the sky.
Characteristics and lifestyle of a guinea fowl
What are the advantages of the breed in agriculture? This bird does not require special attention, it does not need special care. The feathered one does not need a bright, ventilated room; it does not need excessive cleanliness. The bird does not actually get sick, thanks to its strong immunity. But, in spite of all this, the feeder and drinking bowl should always be full.
Another plus of this species is that you can not protect the territory for walking, but let the bird walk freely wherever it wants. You don’t have to worry about the bird getting lost. She very quickly becomes attached to her habitat and after her walk she will always return home. In addition to all this, the breed can be useful in the household:
- This type is an excellent guard. If uninvited guests enter the chicken coop, the bird begins to make noise and rush.
- Beetles, worms, parasites, and pests are included in the diet of the bird. This species can be accustomed to eating a certain type of parasite. It will be enough for the feathered bird to eat these bugs a couple of times.
- The meat of an ordinary guinea fowl is considered dietary, it does not actually contain fats.
The carcass is not likely tender, and does not have a specific smell. Mint of this breed is considered a delicacy, it is rich in vitamin B and protein.Guinea fowl meat contains a large amount of amino acids.
Doctors and nutritionists recommend introducing guinea fowl meat into the diet for children, pregnant women, and people suffering from malnutrition. It is not advisable to eat meat for that person who has an individual intolerance to this product. In general, there are many excellent dishes of guinea fowl meat.
Guinea fowl eggs
Guinea fowl egg is hypoallergenic, cholesterol-free, rich in calcium and phosphorus. Therefore, they are often used by dieters. The eggshell is stronger and denser than that of a chicken. Due to its density, the egg can be called sterile, the threat of salmonella infection is several times less than that of a chicken egg. It also allows you to transport them to any distance.
But the price for guinea fowl is quite high, and you can not find them in every store. The cost of a dozen eggs is about $ 3. The reason for this is the uniqueness and saturation of eggs with useful substances. It is better and safer for health to buy guinea fowl eggs in trusted places or from friends.
It is worth noting the beneficial benefits of shells. For bone diseases and allergies, doctors recommend grinding the shell into powder and use it as a dietary supplement, because it contains a large amount of calcium, which is easily absorbed. The contents of the egg also does not go unnoticed. It is always part of the most popular cosmetic masks.The feather of a bird has also found its place in human life, it is used in decorative jewelry and heap pottery.
As mentioned earlier due to its quick acclimatization, an ordinary guinea fowl in our time is a common bird in rural yards. This breed farmers appreciate high-quality meat and eggs. These birds bring additional benefits when they destroy parasites from plants. Therefore, many farmers bring them with pleasure. Moreover, you can also get a good profit from them.
Breeding guinea fowl is not a difficult process, because these birds are not picky and can easily get along with all the inhabitants of the house. Even wild ordinary guinea fowl can live in the same chicken coop with other chickens because they do not come into conflict, but rather show indifference to others. Feeling danger guinea fowls are trying to fly up. Therefore, if you decide to acquire such birds, the birds recommend trimming the main wings by about 5 cm.
Guinea fowl is one of the best birds for agriculture . It does not require special care and almost never gets sick.
The bird remembers the place where she lives well and therefore their owners can not worry about what they get lost. Even if the guinea fowl has also gone outside the yard, then it will definitely come back. Guinea fowls always return home.
You do not need to have any special conditions for their maintenance. These birds easily and very quickly adapt to a new habitat. That is why the percentage of their survival is about 80%. Also, the birds are absolutely not conflicting, they are indifferent to others, they don’t make contact, with any threat they immediately fly up into the sky, or hide in bushes. Wild guinea fowls form into small flocks, choosing the largest male as leader.