Care and conditions affect how many eggs a chicken carries per day. Maintaining the necessary climate, a well-formed diet is the most important conditions on which egg production depends. If the feeding does not meet the standards, the temperature in the chicken coop is insufficient, this leads not only to a decrease in productivity, but also to its complete stop.
- Daily and weekly productivity
- Monthly and annual productivity
- Comparative egg production of breeds
- Optimization of egg productivity
- To summarize
The season also affects how many eggs a laying hen carries per year. In summer, egg laying has better rates than in winter. All of the above is the reason why you can’t exactly name the number of eggs given, but you can derive the average number and build on it later.
Daily and weekly productivity
Each day, a chicken can bring one egg, provided that In the cold season, the laying hen gives less: hens of egg productivity give one egg in two days, other hens may not be carried at all in winter.
Depends on the conditions of detention and time of year, how many eggs per week are hens. The minimum quantity is 3 eggs (every other day in winter) per week. Maximum – 7 eggs (every day in the summer). These data are calculated on average.
Monthly and annual productivity
It is easy to determine how many eggs a laying chicken carries per month, knowing how much it gives per day, week . The daily rate is required to be multiplied by the number of days of the calculated month, and the weekly rate by 4. The result is the average egg production per month. Usually this figure is not less than 15, but rarely when it exceeds 30.
One of the factors, in addition to the content, is the breed of chickens , because representatives of different varieties carry not the same amount.
To calculate how many eggs a chicken carries per year, it is necessary to calculate the quarter egg production for each period. The amount received usually starts counting from 200 and ends somewhere within 350 pieces. These indicators are based on statistics, which means there are exceptions. There are cases when the chicken was able to give more than 370 pieces in 1 year. These approximate figures are the basis from which you can build on, but not despair, if there are any deviations.
Comparative egg laying of breeds
The breed is an important factor from which it depends on how many eggs a hen lays per day. It is necessary to be guided by how many months the bird begins to rush. There is also a classification according to productivity, according to which there are three types of chickens: egg , egg-meat, meat. Egg-type birds will carry the maximum amount of product, egg-meat ones are carried less frequently, and meat chicken will give a minimum number.
Egg production of some breeds will be discussed below.
- Leghorn . A popular breed in Russia, takes root in almost any environment. It is carried from about 6 months. The egg has a white shell. Annual egg production ranges from 230 to 310 pieces.
- Russian white chicken . This is an early bird, which begins to rush from 4 months. The average figure is 220 pieces annually.
- High Line breed. It gives very high rates of egg production. The minimum average is 330 pieces, the maximum is 350.
- Broken Brown. The eggs are large, beige or brown. Chickens can carry more than 310 pieces per year.
- Highsex White. These white hens give eggs in a white shell. The number per year is about 310.
Optimization of egg productivity
Any poultry farmer, amateur or professional, wants to get as many eggs as possible from his hens . And this can be achieved even at home. How many eggs broilers will produce depends on many reasons, the main of which, in addition to those already mentioned, are age, stress, and possible diseases.
In summer, broilers show better egg production. In winter, if you do not maintain heat, light and good nutrition, the indicators decrease, and sometimes are equal to zero. poultry farms can provide the conditions under which broilers produce the same amount of produce in both winter and summer.At home, if desired, you can also achieve a decent result. Certain rules must be observed.
- Feeding . A well-designed diet is the main component of good egg production. It should be observed not only the ratio of products, vitamins, trace elements, etc. It is also important to comply with the regime and not deviate from it. You can not overfeed or underfeed chickens. Phosphorus, calcium, greens must be present in the diet of laying hens.
- Temperature. It is necessary to maintain the temperature in both cold and hot times. In summer, you need to ventilate the room as often as possible. In winter, it is advisable to ensure that the birds do not freeze. For this, it is important to install a heater. It is impossible for the chicken coop to be below 0 ° C, because under such conditions not only will productivity drop, but health as a whole will deteriorate.
- Light . With a lack of light, chickens are carried less frequently. The best light mode is no more than 15 hours a day. Lamps should not be bright, because this can lead to overheating of the room. If you adhere to this norm, you can ensure that the chicken gave an egg daily in winter.
- The humidity of the room should not exceed 75%, but at the same time be at least 55%.
- Density. It is necessary to ensure free movement of chickens around the house. 1 sq. m is calculated on 5 birds. At higher densities, the chickens rush worse.
- Walked in the winter.In cold weather, you must try to provide the chickens with conditions that are as similar as possible to those that they have in the summer. In addition to temperature, ensuring proper eating, you need to arrange a daily walk, thanks to which the hens are physically activated.
- Swimming in ash and sand is an important step on the way to the goal. With the help of bathing, chickens get rid of possible ticks, germs and lay eggs more often. At home, it will not be difficult to make a bath for birds: make a depression in the ground by about 10 cm, with a diameter of about 1 m, fill it with sand, ash. Every few weeks you need to change the mixture.
High productivity lasts up to 2 years. When this age is reached, farmers usually let the bird go for meat. After 2 years, productivity decreases, and support in the form of feed is becoming more expensive and unprofitable. The older the chicken, the worse the meat, and the value of the egg becomes lower.
The average egg productivity over a lifetime, provided that after 2 years they’ll let the winged one slaughter, ranges from 450 to 700 pieces. But do not forget that the chicken is not a robot, and racing for high egg production can be fraught with consequences.