Species belonging to the genus Dremlik exceed 250 representatives, which grow mainly in temperate latitudes in the Eurasian, African and North American territories. The Russian flora has about 10 main species, among which the most common are the Swamp Dremlik.
- Botanical characteristic
- Royle Dremlik
- Thunberg Flower
Dremlik flower belongs to perennial herbaceous plants belonging to the orchid family.
The foliage is numerous, green in color, has an oval or lanceolate shape. The inflorescences are attached to the stem on twisted pedicels. The flowers are collected in racemose inflorescences. Depending on the species, they have different colors.
The name of the plant for a unique appearance. During flowering, the lower inflorescences are the first to bloom, and in the upper part of the Dremlik, many “dormant” buds are lowered downward.
Among the main species:
- Royle’s flower,
- Thunberg’s flower,
Growing environment – forests and mountain forest slopes. Most varieties are winter-resistant.
Dremlik swamp is one of the most commonly used decorative plants. The growth environment is marshy forests, meadows and glades. Often found in limestones near water springs. It prefers good illumination, withstanding excess and stagnation of moisture.
On the territory of Russia, marsh marshland is found in the Siberian, Central Asian, Transcaucasian regions and in the Crimea.
Height to 0, 7m Oblong foliage, length up to 25cm. Inflorescences are formed by flowers of 6-20 pieces. The outer layer of leaflets is greenish with purple stripes, the inner layer is white with pink stripes.
The description of the swamp dremel contains information about its narcotic properties, due to the presence of yeast in it.
Flowering period June-August. Swamp Dremlik is widely used in ornamental garden plantings in plant groups, on banks and in shallow water.
Giant species grows near streams in mountainous areas. It grows in height at 0.3m-1.2m. The stalk is strong. The foliage is numerous, plentiful. Inflorescences are formed of 3-15 flowers, in which the outer petals are light yellow, the inner orange-purple color. The length of the flower petals is up to 25cm. The flowering period is the first half of the summer season.Found its application in Dutch gardening.
One of the rare varieties. It grows in the shade of beech forests, in the middle of shrubby plantations, on clearings. Stem height from 17cm to 40cm. Inflorescences are formed by a one-sided brush of 4-15 flowers with a length of about 0.7 cm, with a light aroma of cloves. The outer petals are oval in shape, reddish in color, the inner are white-green. On the territory of Russia it is found in the Crimea and the Caucasus.
The flowering period falls in July. It begins to bloom actively when creating good illumination, in particular as a result of deforestation.
Locations – forests and forest-steppes, including shaded hornbeam , oak groves. In most cases, it occurs singly, with 3-8 representatives, which is explained by a weak process of reproduction.
The purple representative is dependent on symbiotic fungi, which consumes a significant part of the food.
Foliage oblong or lanceolate, on the inside of a red tint. The stem is purple. Inflorescences are formed by long tassels of yellow with green flowers of large sizes – up to 1.4 cm in length. Due to the low chlorophyll content, the surface of leaf blades is often significantly reduced.There are representatives that are completely pink-purple in color.
Rusty, or dark red, the species is found among deciduous and coniferous trees, in shrubby areas, on stony slopes and sea dunes. Prefers limestone soils. The flowering period falls in August.
On the Russian territory grows in the European part, Siberian and Caucasian regions.
Height up to 0.6 m. The stem is green or purple-lilac. The foliage is stiff, oval, tapering at the ends, length from 4 cm to 8 cm, dark green on the outside, and blue-violet on the inside. The length of the inflorescences is up to 0.2 m, formed by one-sided tassels of dark purple flowers with a vanilla aroma. It is included in the Red Book.
Royle’s flower grows among broad-leaved forests, in willows and birch forests, reeds, in moist wetlands, near streams, on rocky slopes .
It is found in Central Asia and the Russian Altai.
It grows in height from 0.3 to 0.9 m. The foliage is plentiful, large, up to 12-18 cm long and 3-7 cm wide. Inflorescences are formed by rare small-flowered tassels from the outer brown-green color and the inner pinkish shade.
The papillary species prefers shaded conifers, mixed and broad-leaved forests.
Stem up to 0.75m tall.The foliage is plentiful, elliptical in shape, tapering at the ends, length 7-12cm, width 2-4cm. The stem, leaves and bracts are covered with small white papillae.
Grows in the Russian Primorye and Amur regions, Kamchatka and Sakhalin.
8-11 flowers with green outer petals and pink internal form a rare inflorescence. The flowering period is July-August.
The second most popular decorative flower of Thunberg is found in meadow areas with high humidity.
The furrowed stem is high, up to 0.9m tall. Foliage of a lanceolate-ovoid shape, pointed at the ends, up to 16 cm long. inflorescences are formed by rare flowers, 2-10 pieces 3.3 cm long. The outer layer of flowers is brownish-green, the inner one is yellow with a purple midrib.
It grows in Russia in the Far East.
It is more common in small groups, but in in some cases it is possible to observe large clusters. The flowering period falls in July.
Chemerizelistny variety grows near the mountainous Caucasian rivers. Height reaches 1.0m. The foliage is large, up to 20cm long and up to 4cm wide. The inflorescence is straight and one-sided, formed by 6-20 green-purple flowers.
The flowering period is the first half to mid-summer.
Drelica broadleaf belong to the most common.It grows in illuminated beech, birch or oak forests. It is found among pine trees and in glades of mixed forests.
Broadleaf Dremlik grows in the Crimea, Siberia, and the Caucasus.
The stem is light green, up to 1.0 m high. Inflorescences are formed by 12-50 flowers with a honey aroma. The outer layer of flowers is greenish, turning down to a pink-purple hue. It blooms from July to September.
The herbaceous plant Dremlik has many species in its family, some of which are found in Russia. It is used for decorative purposes.