home brings a lot of positive emotions to its owner. This is a beautiful and sophisticated plant that pleases the eye with a color palette and a delicate, barely noticeable aroma. All is well until pests appear. A tick on orchids can kill a plant.
Methods of struggle
Fight against spider mites
Fighting the shells of ticks
How to get rid of cobwebs and carapace of ticks on orchids
To learn how to help orchids fight pests, you need to know the types of parasites. Applying the right actions and drugs saves a flower from death.
There are 2 types of pests that can be found in phalaenopsis. The first is a mite shell, and the second is a spider mite or flat body. because they feed on the substrate.
The spider mites are so small that it is difficult to replace the way they appeared among the leaves. Adults have a length of 0.1-0.3 mm and look microscopic. Among the signs, white and gray, yellow with brown spots or pure white are also distinguished.
The main habitat of pests is the back of the leaf, on which it is easier for them to gain a foothold and not fall when watering. They lay eggs on green leaves, although they move throughout the plant. Masonry is done along the veins on the leaf, from the inside. White paths form from masonry. Spider mites slowly creep along a flower, basically spend time on immobilization.
The first signs of the appearance of ticks on the phalaenopsis are white dots and a small web. A white coating forms on the inside of the sheet. Often an orchid is infected with other flower pots, flowers or pests that penetrate through the window. It multiplies rapidly, because the period of full development is from 4 to 6 days.
Spider mites pose a threat to the life of the flower, and shell mites feed on the substrate.
Panther ticks on orchids are not uncommon, they urgently need to be combated: a beetle quickly destroys the plant.
The body of the shell is painted red, brown, sometimes almost black. Its length is 0.7–0.9 mm. The pest moves fast, does not like bright light. He runs throughout the plant, but lays eggs on the dead parts of orchids, rotten roots and branches.
Bedbugs prefer moist, moist soil. They grow to full maturity over a period of 3-4 weeks to several months.
They do not feed on living tissue of flowers, but feed on a substrate, fallen leaves and petals.
In the shell, the tick carries helminth eggs and nematodes, a fungus and bacteria.
The approach to combating tick species is unique. The plant will have to be treated not only for pests, but also for the diseases that they carry: bacteria, fungi.
Fight against spider mites
To get rid of the spider mite on an orchid, put a flower pot on the balcony or loggia: you need good access to fresh air. The stem, foliage and buds are treated with an acaricidal or insectoacaricidal agent from a spray. To enhance the action of the solution, the stem with leaves is wrapped in a package for several days, reducing the flow of oxygen to insects. You can not overheat the pot: this is fraught with the appearance of root rot.
Control measures also include getting rid of larvae. The drug for adults does not harm eggs and hatching individuals; therefore, the control procedure is repeated at least 3 times with an interval of 4-5 days. Then they treat the orchid with a fungicidal solution in case the pest has managed to infect the plant with a fungus.
Methods of dealing with different types of ticks
To cure a flower from a tick on a shell, the first thing to do is to remove the old substrate: the root tick lives on the orchid. Then the orchid roots are cleaned of the remaining ticks. Using chemicals, they treat the roots, stem and leaves, soaking them in a solution of acaricide. To uncheck a shell on a blooming orchid, apply:
After that, a fresh substrate is poured and a flower is transplanted.
The application procedure is repeated after 2 weeks, alternating preparations: therefore, the tick does not have time to adapt. When replacing the substrate, treatment with antifungal agents is not required.
You can not be afraid of pests with phalaenopsis if you take preventive measures.
To prevent the appearance of shell mites, periodically dry the soil in a pot: the pest prefers a moist, moist substrate.
When spraying orchids, monitor the amount of moisture on the leaves. Excess water collected between the stem and leaflets in the sinuses is wiped with paper towels or cotton pads. By controlling the moisture of the substrate within the optimal norm, exclude the presence of root rot, and the carapace of the tick on the orchid eats exactly dead particles of the plant. Maintaining cleanliness in the pot, timely removal of fallen leaves and petals, eliminates the possibility of the appearance of oribatids. In apartments with central heating, the air is often dry