Grafting room lemon, mandarin and other citrus fruits

Hello dear gardeners, gardeners and flower growers! While on the street in the garden, in the garden we have nothing special to do, we, of course, pay great attention to our indoor plants. And very often it happens that it is just by chance in which pot with a houseplant that we grow a lemon, an orange, or a tangerine. And we already talked about this once, about the fact that we accidentally drink tea, throw a bone, it sprouts, slowly something grows, pretty, elegant. Suddenly such a plant grows. And when we taste this plant, what is it, we smell a lemon, or an orange, or maybe a tangerine. All this is quite suitable in order to grow a pretty wonderful varietal plant as a rootstock using this plant. It is important that the intended vaccination site is at least 4 mm in diameter.

Nikolay Petrovich Fursov, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, about grafting indoor citrus plants

Look, we take, remove from this – this is what we call a stock – the upper part. We don’t need it. If we had left this plant as it was, we would have formed a crown, looked after properly, watered, fed, earlier than 10-12, or even 15 years later, we would not have received a single fruit from such a plant. Therefore, in order to accelerate fruiting, we must graft a varietal plant to our wild boar. What does varietal plant mean? A plant that produces certain fruits, say, lemons or tangerines, kumquats are different. Someone with friends, for example, grow and bear fruit well. And it is from the fruiting plants that we must cut the stalk. We cut the stalk from the part that is not very nice for us.

Lemon seedling, which will be inoculatedLemon seedling, which will be inoculated
Removing the top of the lemon seedlingRemoving the top of the lemon seedling
Lemon seedling with the top removed for grafting - rootstockLemon seedling with the top removed for grafting – rootstock

For example, look at this twig. The angle of departure of each branch is unsuccessful, and we can correct this situation by removing one of these branches.

Choosing a branch suitable for graftingChoosing a branch suitable for grafting
Cut it off from the trunk with a sharp pruning shearsCut it off from the trunk with a sharp pruning shears

The stalk is thin in size. But what to do? We will now give you a vaccine called “cleft”. We will make two cuttings from this cutting. Let’s cut it into approximately two identical parts, but take it so that the lower one is shorter, the upper one is longer. In this case, our slice, the same, will be larger. Cut off some of the leaves. You can cut off the leaves entirely, you can only cut off a part of the leaf blades, so that evaporation is much less in the plant. Thus, we prepared one stalk, prepared the second stalk. There are two leaves here. It is enough if we remove only half of the leaf blade. In this way. Here we have two cuttings ready.

Cut the separated branch into several cuttingsCut the separated branch into several cuttings
Cut the leaves in halfCut the leaves in half

Here on the rootstock we make a smooth cut, an even horizontal cut.

Align the rootstockAlign the rootstock

Now we cut it in half along our rootstock, about two centimeters deep. Insofar as we have thin scions, two centimeters is quite enough. So we made such a cut.

On the rootstock we make an incision into a splitOn the rootstock we make an incision into a split

Now from these cuttings we make cuttings, the slices of which look like spatulas. Look, on the one hand – one, and on the other – two. Also somewhere around 1,5-2 centimeters. And we insert it into this split, which we got on the rootstock: one part, and the second stalk, you can remove the leaf, and the same thing, making a spatula 1,5-2 centimeters in length, on one side and on the other side, then we insert the same thing, only on the other side of this notch of ours. Please do not touch the cuts with your hands, do not bring in any dirt.

We prepare the scion cuttingsWe prepare the scion cuttings
We insert the stalk into the vaccination siteWe insert the stalk into the vaccination site
Next we insert the second stalkNext we insert the second stalk

Here we have inserted two cuttings, which we must fix with a ribbon. Either this is a special ribbon, or just take plastic wrap. And we wrap it properly so that the rootstock bark is in contact with the scion bark.

Wrap the place of inoculation on the lemon with foilWrap the place of inoculation on the lemon with foil

And, my dears, in about two months or so, the grafts grow together, and during this period you just have to spray the plant more often, take care of it, feed it. So, my dears, you saw that it is not difficult to do this, but if you do this, then a varietal good plant will grow in your house called either a lemon of some sort, Meyer, for example, or an orange or a tangerine.

Nikolay Fursov. PhD in Agricultural Sciences

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Anna Evans

Author ✓ Farmer

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