Orchid roots should be checked regularly for damage or other problems. Improper care or other causes can affect the onset and development of diseases at the roots of the orchid.
- What you need to know about the roots of the orchid
- The air root
- has broken down. Drying of the air roots
- Causes of root damage
- Resuscitation of the root system
- Greenhouse <
- In water
- In the substrate
- On the cortex
- Growth promoters
- Green root
- The stem
- Growing new roots
you need to know about the roots of the orchid
The appearance of aerial roots is an indicator of the state of the phalaenopsis.
The air root has broken down
to understand what the dead roots look like in orchids, their structure and features should be studied.Epiphytic orchids have the peculiarity according to which they consist of 3 parts:
- root – thin, strong, light green;
- velamen – the layer covering the roots;
- the growing tip – up to 1 cm long, translucent.
They are not bare and completely open, resemble a wire, break them not easy. With the disappearance of moisture from velamena, the roots of the orchid outwardly dry out and wrinkle. Healthy are elastic, they are solid, smooth, gray and green.If they are wrinkled, this does not mean that they are lost or die. They should not be watered for several days, and should be sprinkled with charcoal for damage or damage. As a result, they are restored and the plant continues to grow.
Drying of the air roots
If the air roots of an orchid begin to dry, there are bad consequences for the root system, which causes pupping, it rots, the flower dies and requires prolonged resuscitation.
At the same time, some leaves wither, others harden, turn yellow, children on plants fall off, the plant does not bloom, flowers fall off. If their tips become reddish, active root growth is observed. If the roots got out of the pot, the flower with their help receives moisture from the air and participates in the processes of photosynthesis.
Causes of root damage
- hard watering leads to the accumulation of salts in the root system, because of this they are pupated and salted; velamen undergoes rupture, stops accumulating moisture if the roots are crowded, they acquire a brown coating and begin to dry out;
- low temperature – leads to the appearance of frozen parts of the plant;
- poor lighting;
- poor-quality substrate – plants grow comfortably in a special substrate at home, not in ordinary soil;
- burns from fertilizers are dangerous for the plant, from an overdose it can lose both healthy aerial roots and roots inside substrate.
Temperature differences, dryness of su stratum – all affect the condition of the roots of a flower. If the treatment methods are determined and measures taken in time, the flower must be saved.
Resuscitation of the root system
If the phalaenopsis still has several small roots, it must be planted in a different container with consolidation, so you can stimulate its restoration.
If 95-98% of the roots are absent, there are few living, other attempts to restore the flower remain. The plant can be saved, its root system will look stronger over time, and it will bloom.
Before resuscitation, preparatory work should be carried out:
- prepare the cutting tool, it is treated with alcohol to disinfect;
- scraps remove parts of the root system that have died, remains alive root;
- places of slices are treated with powdered fungicide, powdered charcoal, or cinnamon.
It makes it possible to save living roots in a home environment, to create greenhouse conditions The following are used:
- cut-off plastic bottle for 5 or 10 l;
For a flower, natural conditions are created: heat, diffused lighting optimal humidity. The greenhouse is put on a lighted place, sun exposure is avoided, the temperature is observed 22,280 С.
Expanded clay is poured into the container, sphagnum is added and phalaenopsis from above. A place for the growth of epiphytic roots in moss. Every day the greenhouse is ventilated, and in order to maintain a stable level of humidity, a glass of hot water is placed inside the bottle or aquarium.
This method has a positive effect on the appearance of new roots in phalaenopsis after 14 days, with proper care it will have strong the roots. The transplant is carried out in a pot after reaching the roots of 4-5 cm in length.
The roots of a damaged or diseased flower grow in water. But here it is also important to know the rules for preparing the liquid and the method of soaking the roots.
Alternating soaking and drying
- lighted place for an orchid, without direct rays sun;
- air temperature 25-26ºC.
Phalaenopsis is installed in a transparent container with water, the root base is located above the bottom. Daily in the morning water is poured to the bottom, the roots should be in it. After 6-10 hours, the water drains, the flower has the ability to dry the roots until morning. In the morning, the procedure is repeated.
Always in water
The flower is in the water constantly, the fluid changes after 5-6 days. The method occupies one of the last positions, and is not suitable for this species, it should be expected for a long time when the flower takes root, they are constantly wet, come off, meanwhile they begin to rot, poorly adapt to substrates after transplantation.
This way of building is similar to drying and soaking, but in a slightly different form. The plant is placed in a container of water, the base of the roots is located above the water and does not touch it. The container closes.
Every day, the plant must be removed in the morning, rinsed with roots in sugar water for an hour, allowed to dry and transplanted back into the container above the water.
Up with roots
A method is applied when leaves are immersed in water, not the base of the phalaenopsis roots. A plant is placed in a container of water, the leaves are immersed in a third of the water. The root base is located in the air.
Daily, the upper part of the plant is sprayed with warm water. After 30-40 days, the first roots will grow.
The appearance of the first roots allows you to transplant the orchid in a transparent pot, in which there is sphagnum moss for further growth. The root system is actively growing in phalaenopsis, new living leaves are preserved and appear.
In the substrate
The method of restoration in the substrate is suitable for plants with small roots (2-3 cm), but without them at all.
Features of the method:
- humidity of the substrate, without excess moisture;
- spraying the leaves with a solution of vitamin B1.
Ordinary land is not suitable for growing phalaenopsis roots; substrate types are used :
- tree bark;
- a mixture of expanded clay fine fraction, crushed bark, sphagnum;
- densely packed sphagnum.
If the plant had no roots, regrowth will last up to a year. In phalaenopsis with roots, new ones grow faster.
On the cortex
Phalaenopsis is fixed on a piece of the cortex, it is treated with a special solution with vitamin B1 to stimulate growth. Watering, spraying the flower is not necessary.
The plant can be cured, the roots begin to appear after 90 or more days, it begins to grow again.
An orchid will develop a root system if growth preparations are used:
Solutions of preparations are prepared with the addition of water.
A dry leaf came off the flower, its beautiful ones fell away leaves or she dropped them, while the processes of photosynthesis and evaporation of moisture do not They should be used, the rescue function should be applied. If the rhizome is in a healthy state, the orchid can absorb all the necessary nutrients for recovery. A young flower with a weak old root system and a small aerial part is more susceptible to death than a flower with a massive stem and shoots.
The stem died
If all the leaves fell off, the stem died , check the root system for damage. If the root neck has green buds, you should try to restore the aerial part and begin to treat the flower. For this, top dressing with a high nitrogen content is introduced, a growth stimulant is added, and the roots that have reappeared in the orchid and the resumption of other parts are expected.
Growing new roots
Flower takes root if you use growth preparations.As additives to the water used to build the roots, use drugs and substances:
- any B vitamins.
To improve the condition of the flowers, the leaves are wiped with a solution of succinic acid. It affects immunity, restoration of vital processes, activates root growth, stimulates the growth of green shoots.
Orchid roots are demanding and capricious in care. They should pay a lot of attention, create optimal conditions for their development: temperature, humidity, proper watering, top dressing, and protect them from damage. With a combination of all factors and rules of care, the root system will be strong, the flower will delight in flowering and beauty.