Mango - juicy fruit - care

Mango – juicy fruit – care

Mango – tropical fruit of the plant mangifera indian, or mango indian (Mangifera indicates). Fruits are ovoid, green-yellow, apricot, bright red in color, depending on the degree of ripeness. The fruit has a sweet taste and a filamentous structure. Often the plant itself is called the word “mango”. Indian mangifera is one of the national symbols in India and Pakistan.

Mango, or Mangifera (Mangifera) Is a genus of tropical plants of the Sumach family. The genus includes about 70 species, including the Indian mangifera (Mangifera indicates).

The homeland of mango is the tropical rainforests of the Indian state of Assam and the state of Myanmar.

Mango – juicy fruit


Useful properties of mango

Mango fruits are often used in home medicine in India and other Asian countries. For example, in India, mangoes are used to stop bleeding, to strengthen the heart muscle and to improve brain function.

Green (unripe) mango fruits contain a large amount of pectin, citric, oxalic, malic and succinic acids. Also, green mango is rich in vitamin C, it also contains other vitamins: B1, B2, niacin.

In ripe fruits, mango also contains many vitamins and sugars, but significantly less acids.

Vitamin A, contained in a ripe fruit in large quantities, has a beneficial effect on the organs of vision: it helps with “night blindness”, dry cornea and other eye diseases. In addition, regular consumption of ripe mango fruits in food improves immunity and protects against colds, such as acute respiratory infections, rhinitis, etc.

Ripe mango fruits are also used for weight loss, as the fruits contain a lot of vitamins and carbohydrates – the so-called mango-milk diet.

Mango, or Mangifera (Mangifera)Mango, or Mangifera (Mangifera). Farmer Joel Ignacio

Nutritional value of mango

100 g of mango contains approximately:

  • Energy value: 270 kJ / 70 kcal
  • Proteins: 0,51 g
  • Fats: 0,27 g
  • Carbohydrates
  • Sahara: 14,8 g
  • Fiber: 1,8 g

Vitamins and minerals (in% of the recommended daily allowance):

  • Thiamine (V1): 0,058 mg (4%)
  • Riboflavin (B2): 0,057 mg (4%)
  • Niacin (B3): 0,584 mg (4%)
  • Pantothenic acid (B5): 0,160 mg (3%)
  • Vitamin B6: 0,134 mg (10%)
  • Folic acid ((B9): 14 mcg (4%)
  • Vitamin C: 27,7 mg (46%)
  • Calcium: 10 mg (1%)
  • Iron: 0,13 mg (1%)
  • Magnesium: 9 mg (2%)
  • Phosphorus: 11 mg (2%)
  • Potassium: 156 mg (3% DV)
  • Zinc: 0,04 mg (0%)

Seedling of mango, or mangifera (Mangifera)Mango seedling, or mangifera (Mangifera). Farmer Joel Ignacio

Growing mango from seed

If you are going to grow mangoes, keep in mind that this is a large, fast-growing tropical tree that must be provided with appropriate conditions.

To grow a mango, it is necessary to take the most ripe fruit (preferably even overripe, in it you can sometimes find an already burst bone with a sprout that has appeared).

The fruits are cut lengthwise, and then the halves are turned in opposite directions, thus freeing the bone from the pulp. Thoroughly rinse the mango seed under running water and immediately plant it in a small 9-centimeter pot with a mixture of turf and humus soil. From above you can organize a greenhouse.

The mango bone cannot be stored for a long time, since its germination is quickly lost.

At +22 .. + 24 ° C, mango sprouts appear in 2-4 weeks. The pot with mango sprouts is kept warm at the same (+22 .. + 24 ° C) temperature. Every year, the bush is transplanted into a larger container with the same soil composition as when planting a seed. When the mango tree has lived with you for five years, the transplant can be done after three years, not forgetting to pour a mixture of coarse river sand and small pebbles on the bottom of the container.

The mango will grow well and beautify the room if you place it in a sunny spot. In winter, a mango seedling will not die from the hot dry air near the radiators, if you do not forget to regularly spray it with settled water at room temperature.

In spring and summer, plants are fed with organic and mineral fertilizers, which are used for indoor palms and oleanders. Mango loves abundant watering all year round; in winter, the moisture for irrigation should be warm.

Mango grows quickly, tolerates forming pruning well. The bush can be shaped like a ball, cube, pyramid. Flowering will have to wait for several years. The patient lover of exoticism will receive an award in the gloomiest and darkest time – mango blooms in November or December.

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Anna Evans

Author ✓ Farmer

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