Propagation of the Phalaenopsis orchid – A process that requires knowledge of agricultural technology, compliance with a number of rules and utmost care. Before starting to propagate epiphytes, seedlings should be obtained. The transplanted phalaenopsis needs to create natural conditions and ensure proper care.
- Basic methods of propagation
- Challenge by children
- Division of bushes
- Cutting <
- Special requirements
Basic methods of propagation
Phalaenopsis orchid propagates:
- roots (dividing the bush);
- lateral processes (children).
Phalaenopsis orchid propagation at home, they begin by choosing the method of obtaining planting material.The longest and most laborious process is propagation of phalaenopsis by seeds, and the most productive is cuttings. In the latter case, after a short time, the epiphyte will please with a flower stalk.
Elimination by children
It is easiest to propagate a phalaenopsis orchid by children. They are given by epiphytes that have reached the age of 3 years. Kids appear on a flowering branch. They look like a thickening of the stem. A leaf emerges from this bulge as soon as the orchid finishes flowering.
Epiphytes to be transplanted must have one adult leaf and an embryo of the second. These seedlings are the strongest, so pruning does not harm them or the mother’s bush.
A step-by-step guide to the propagation of Phalaenopsis orchids by children looks like this:
- fill the container with a high-quality substrate;
- prepare sifted charcoal or grind several tablets of activated carbon into powder;
- sanitize scissors or a scalpel with medical alcohol or warm over a fire and cool;
- make an incision at a distance of 5 cm below the bud with the leaf and 3 cm below the peduncle;
- risypat place ash or coal cut.
clipping plants are transplanted into soil and abundantly watered from a watering can with warm water. After that, the flower is covered with a glass jar or a glass. This allows you to save moisture and prevent a decrease in air temperature. The glass jar also scatters the sun’s rays.
Subsequent care of the phalaenopsis is to ensure regular watering and to protect the seedling from direct sunlight. Evidence that the shoot has taken root is the appearance of an air root.
Division of the bushes
Similarly to the previous method, the phalaenopsis orchid is propagated by division of the mother plant. Separate should be fused leaf rosettes or 2 (or more) processes.Caring for a seedling consists of the following actions:
- timely watering;
- protection against drafts and pests;
- ensuring a comfortable temperature regime.
Separated bushes take root quickly. After a year, they delight owners with abundant flowering, after which they must be propagated by cuttings.
Propagation of phalaenopsis orchids by cuttings is the most difficult of all methods of propagation of epiphytes and requires skills in working with flowers, however, this particular method provides the best planting material. Using cuttings, the maximum number of shoots is obtained from one donor epiphyte.
Cuttings do not have roots before planting in the substrate layers are germinated. It turns out:
- Mini-greenhouses. These devices allow you to recreate natural conditions, therefore, reproduction in this way has the greatest effectiveness. As a substrate, sawdust of conifers or moss-sphagnum is used. You can get the first sprouts after 15 days.
- In water. A stalk for a similar method is taken from the peduncle. Germination water is poured into a transparent plastic bottle without a neck.To disinfect water and activate growth in a liquid, dissolve a tablet of activated carbon or a pinch of cinnamon powder. A branch is taken about 10 cm long and with one kidney. The cuttings are immersed in water by a third. The liquid and bottle are changed every 3 days.
- Dry. The method consists in dissecting the cuttings and subsequent processing of the cut with hormonal cytokinin paste. In this place, the kidney is born after 10 days. The use of this drug is strictly dosed, because the excess amount wakes up the flower bud.
It is easy to propagate phalaenopsis at home if certain rules.
- The best time for breeding is the end of winter.
- For better growth, plant illumination and high temperature in the greenhouse (27 ° C) are required. The optimal daylight hours for seedlings is 14 hours.
- Young seedlings and the epiphytic donor should be protected from drafts. Orchids provide greenhouse conditions until the roots appear.
- A prerequisite for picking cuttings is the cessation of flowering and the absolute health of the epiphyte. Otherwise, the mother plant weakens and dies.
Feeding of plants transplanted to a permanent place is carried out no earlier than 30 days later, regardless of the method of obtaining planting material. The main watering is done as the substrate dries.
Propagation of Phalaenopsis orchids at home is a difficult process.Not everyone can reproduce by seeds, because you need to not only pollinate the flower, but also be able to collect the seeds. It is easy to propagate the orchid by children from the buds, but the latter appear only after flowering.
Propagating the phalaenopsis with cuttings is troublesome, but This method guarantees an excellent result, so flower growers most often use the method of propagation of cuttings. An orchid grown from cuttings pleases with flowering after 3 years. div>