Plant up to 60 cm high with branched stems, elliptical
leaves, large white or grayish with purple
spotted flowers. These fruits are berries
with a small juicy pericarp from globular to proboscis
shapes, from yellow and red to black-olive.
Hot (red) pepper has a strong spicy aroma
and taste from spicy to spicy and even very hot
(due to the content of the phenolic compound capsaicin,
which is not found in sweet bell peppers). Some
the hot red pepper varieties are so hot
that one touch is enough to cause
Hot red peppers are obtained from the mature fruits of the plant.
Capsicum frutescens. These red peppers are smaller
regular red bell pepper. They differ between
itself, depending on the variety. After drying the pods
become dark red or orange-red. Dry
peppers in vivo, after which they shrivel,
then they are separated from the calyx and ground.
Currently, about 2000 varieties of pepper have been bred,
which differ in shape, color, pungency.
The most famous chili is cayenne pepper, named
in honor of the city of Cayenne in South America.
Useful properties of hot peppers
Their fruits contain a large amount of oils (essential,
fatty), wax, dyes, vitamins P,
Hot peppers contain hot capsaicin, and
its content is 20 times higher than the amount of capsaicin
pepper. When touching the skin, it may even appear
burn. Traditionally, Europeans use hot peppers.
to a lesser extent than the inhabitants of the tropics.
Hot peppers are good for arousal.
appetite. For this, it is most appropriate to use alcohol
tincture of fruits. It should be taken 10-15 drops before
food. But there is one “but” here: this tincture should be used
only those who have healthy esophagus, stomach, kidneys and
normal heart activity.
Pepper is an irreplaceable remedy for those who
suffer from intestinal disorders, as it possesses
a sufficiently high bactericidal effect. Accepted
pepper externally and with myositis, rheumatism, polyarthritis,
gout, with catarrh of the upper respiratory tract in the form
rubbing tinctures or ointments that can be prepared
by ourselves. For example, to prepare an ointment, you will need
one part tincture and 3 parts vegetable oil. BUT
you can use a pepper patch as an irritant
skin and distraction. Ointment is good to use
and with mild frostbite.
Hot peppers are added when canning vegetables,
ground fruits are included in the mixture of spices “curi”. One of
the hottest Tabasco sauces are made from canned
crushed fruits, based on salt or acetic
solution. In South American cuisine, hot peppers are very
popular: it is used in the preparation of meat, fish,
soups, eggs and vegetables.
Dangerous properties of hot peppers
The pungency, which may be good for some people, sometimes seems
harm to others. So, hot peppers can harm patients with angina pectoris,
as well as unhealthy liver and kidneys. People with ulcers and gastritis, with
problems of the intestinal tract can get bleeding, burns
and even end up in the hospital. Therefore, add this spice to food
dangerous in large quantities.
In addition, there are varieties that can easily cause irritation.
skin just from touching them. Therefore, if you cook some
dish with pepper, then try not to touch your eyes. Wash thoroughly
dishes and hands. Hot peppers eaten by negligence are useless
drink water, it is advised to “cool the heat with yogurt” or milk, although
you can easily overpower the pungency with sour – for example, lemon.
This video will tell you how to cook hot peppers for the winter. The author describes the whole process in detail. The video will be especially interesting for culinary specialists.