Chamomile, Calories, benefits and harms, Useful properties

Even in the dream book, the chamomile field symbolizes imminent healing.
In phyto-practice, the appearance of chamomile preparations in medicinal compositions
helps to get rid of dozens of different diseases. Chamomile restores
liver cells, dilates blood vessels, normalizes sleep, activates the central nervous system,
relieves skin inflammation and can potentially be included in anti-cancer

Useful properties of chamomile officinalis

Composition and nutrients

Basic substances:


mg Water 236 Potassium 21,33 Vitamin


Vitamin B5


B1 0.02 Fats – Iron 0.19 Vitamin
B2 0.01 Manganese 0.1 Vitamin
1 kcal



What exactly is used and in what form

Medicinal value are chamomile inflorescences.
Widespread both indoor and outdoor use
infusion from flower baskets. Prescribe inhalations over hot
in pairs of infusion. For medicinal purposes, use chamomile tea, a decoction.
An infusion is applied externally or chamomile decoction в
in the form of rinses, lotions, poultices, enemas, rinses, baths
procedures. Gained recognition in homeopathy chamomile tincture.
Alternative and mainstream medicine are also used ethereal
chamomile oil

Chamomile oil

Medicinal properties

Chamomile flowers contain (as part of
volatile oil) matricin and matricarin, derivatives of chamazulene,
sesquiterpene alcohols, bisabolol, bisabololoxide, keto alcohol,
coumarin derivatives, flavonoids, sitosterol, choline, farnesene
and cadinene, beta-carotene, inositol, bitterness, acids (ascorbic,
valerian, salicylic), phytosterols, vitamins..

Infusion from flower baskets is used as an antiseptic, a remedy
with choleretic, sedative, anticonvulsant, astringent, hemostatic
effect. Camomile tea administered internally
with intestinal spasms, inflammation in the liver, gallbladder, kidneys
and urinary tract, with scanty menstruation, hysterical reactions,
with convulsions and a state of neurosis,
with trigeminal neuralgia.

Chamomile essential oil intensifies activities
central nervous system, accelerates reflex functions, expands
cerebral vessels, increases the frequency of cardio and respiratory

Prescribe chamomile preparations in the complex therapy of gastritis
allergic origin, colitis,
with a delay in the menstrual cycle, pain in the area
uterus, at
rheumatism, bronchial
asthma, sore throat.

Chamomile preparations stimulate secretory processes in the digestive
tract, accelerate the outflow of bile, eliminate itching,
promote intense sweating, act as an anti-allergen..

In official medicine

Chamomile is a component of many drugs recognized by the official

  • Chamomile flowers, in packages;
  • Romazulancontaining chamomile oil,
    cumin and antiseptic. Prescribed for gastritis, duodenitis, disorders
    digestion and bloating (half a teaspoon per 200 ml of boiling water).
    To prepare a compress, enemas and rinses, prepare a liquid
    at the rate of 1,5 teaspoon of romazulan per liter of water. Apply
    drug externally for stomatitis, otitis media, gingivitis, urethritis and cystitis,
    trophic ulcerative lesions. The remedy is antipruritic,
    deodorant and antimicrobial action;.
  • Alorom (ointment with chamomile extract) – prescribed
    in the treatment of bedsores and myositis, with plexitis, radiculitis, arthritis.
    The product contains extracts of chamomile, aloe and calendula, medicinal
    oils. Possesses local anti-inflammatory and analgesic
  • Arphazetine – herbal collection with chamomile inflorescences.
    Used in diabetes as a drug that lowers sugar levels
    in blood. Among the components, in addition to chamomile, blueberries, rose hips,
    field horsetail, St. John’s wort, Manchurian aralia. Prescribe a remedy
    in the treatment of mild to moderate diabetes;
  • Rotokan – a drug that contains
    extracts of chamomile, marigold and yarrow. Provides anti-inflammatory
    impact, used for aphthous stomatitis, gingivostomatitis,
    ulcerative gum disease. Restores damaged mucous membranes
    and is characterized by hemostatic properties..

In folk medicine

Dried chamomile

  • With intestinal cramps, bloating and increased gas production,
    painful menstruation, with colds as
    antiseptic drink chamomile tea: a tablespoon of inflorescence-baskets
    brewed in 200 ml of boiling water. Outwardly chamomile broth is used
    for rinsing the mouth and throat, when applying lotions, when
    taking medicinal baths..
  • With gastritis and ulcerative
    hearths prepare tea from chamomile and lemon balm
    (take herbal material in proportions 1: 1). A tablespoon
    steamed herbal raw materials in a glass of boiling water. Drink tea hot
    up to 3 glasses a day, for 2 months.
  • With gastritis or enteritis, brew two boiling water in a glass of boiling water
    teaspoons of a mixture of herbs, taken in equal amounts (flowers
    chamomile, yarrow,
    bitter, mint leaves
    cold and sage).
    Drink infusion strained hot twice a day for 100
    ml, for half an hour of food.
  • When bloated after poor-quality food, use a decoction: in equal
    parts of chamomile, juniper berries,
    cold mint herb, St. John’s wort
    and centaury are boiled for 10 minutes (take a canteen for a glass of water
    spoonful of herbal raw materials). The cooled broth is drunk (after taking
    laxative) 3 glasses per day..
  • With ascariasis, an infusion of tongueless chamomile is prescribed. Dining room
    a spoonful of inflorescences-baskets insist in 1,5 cups of boiling water for
    60 minutes in a bowl under the lid. Drink 150 ml strained in the morning
    and in the evening. With pinworms, enemas are made from 50-100 ml at the same time
    the same infusion..
  • RџSЂRё
    insomnia, as a sleeping pill, take inflorescences infusion:
    a teaspoon of flower baskets in a glass of boiling water. Drink a glass
    at night one hour before bedtime.
  • RџSЂRё
    flatulence is useful tea drink, which is prepared from chamomile,
    valerian root
    and caraway seeds. Mix chamomile flowers, valerian root and
    caraway seeds in proportions 6: 4: 1. One tablespoon mixed
    steamed herbs with boiling water and withstand the infusion for about 20 minutes. Strain
    and take 100 ml in the morning and in the evening with increased gas production..
  • For chronic hepatitis
    and cirrhosis
    liver, the following collection is recommended: take two tablespoons
    inflorescences of chamomile officinalis, tansy, burdock root, elecampane,
    herbal raw materials St. John’s wort, yarrow, knotweed, string,
    rose hips.
    Pour one tablespoon of the herbal mixture with a glass of boiling water,
    keep in a water bath for half an hour, then cool at room
    temperature for a quarter of an hour, strain, add
    boiled water so that the broth increases to a volume of 200 ml. Drink
    a third of a glass three times a day, before meals for
    2-3 weeks. You can take such a decoction with breaks, courses,
    once every 2-3 months..
  • How to prepare chamomile tincture? For cooking
    tinctures use not only inflorescences, but also all aerial parts
    plants. The grass is plucked during the flowering period and crushed, combining
    and rubbing in equal proportions with alcohol of strength 35
    %. After insisting, the tincture is filtered. The resulting liquid
    is a strong concentrate and is called primary, “maternal»
    tincture. The primary tincture is re-diluted and applied
    in homeopathic treatment courses..
  • On the recommendation of a doctor, it is prescribed chamomile for children
    from two months for use in diets for the purpose
    improving digestion (in the form of baby chamomile herbal tea):
    pour one bag of herbal tea with a glass of boiling water and let it brew
    5-7 minutes. Give the child warm 2-3 times a day, starting
    from one teaspoon, gradually increasing the volume to the recommended
    norms. Duration and Dosage 86+ Uses Needed
    agree with the pediatrician.

External use:

  • For colds or rheumatism, take decoction baths
    (200 g of chamomile flowers per 8 liters
  • Chamomile inflorescence gruel treat skin
    cancer by applying poultices to the affected area.
  • Infusion of chamomile flowers vegetable oil
    used in a heated form for rubbing with gout and rheumatic
    diseases, for compresses on the neck with hoarseness and loss of voice.
  • Found a chamomile application in gynecology: dining room
    a spoonful of inflorescences-baskets must be insisted in a liter of boiling water.
    Then strain and use warm for douching
    twice a day..
  • Chamomile Napar used for processing
    festering wounds, for washing ulcerative foci, with conjunctivitis,
    with eczema, boils, panaritium, itching. With ear discharge
    ears are washed with chamomile steam in combination with 5% peroxide
  • With weeping eczema,
    skin rashes, wounds and ulcers are prescribed a bath:
    4 tablespoons of inflorescences-baskets are boiled in a liter of water for 10 minutes
    and the resulting broth is added to a full bath.
  • Pounded fresh chamomile inflorescences invest
    in the nose to cure a cold..
  • RџSЂRё
    rinses will help sore throat chamomile infusion:
    Pour 20 g of chamomile leaves and flowers with a glass of boiling water. Withstand
    infusion for about 20 minutes, strain later and use as liquid
    for rinsing several times a day.
  • Bath with a tonic and calming effect.
    Prepare a collection of chamomile, oregano, thyme,
    string, nettle leaves
    dioecious and black currant, taking raw materials in proportions of 3: 1: 5: 2: 5: 2.
    150 g of herbal mixture pour 2-5 liters of boiling water (depending on
    the desired concentration of broth), boil for 10 minutes on a small
    heat, strain and add the broth to a bath filled with water
    (water temperature is not more than 37 degrees). Take a bath in
    within a quarter of an hour, 2-3 times a week for two
    weeks. It is important to remember that in this case, the area of ​​the heart should be located
    above the water level..

Collection of chamomile and other herbs

In oriental medicine

Avicenna attributed its anti-inflammatory effect to chamomile. In his
«Canon of Medicine»He characterized the plant
as a remedy that softens and removes foci of inflammation. Chamomile,
according to Avicenna, relieves tension, while strengthening the muscles
and is the most effective natural remedy for getting rid of
from fatigue, weakness and exhaustion..

In scientific research

One of the most valuable medicinal plants, chamomile is a natural
Thus, it has constantly attracted the interest of researchers in the field of medicine.

Healing properties of chamomile have been studied since
Hippocrates, Pliny, Dioscorides, Galen and Asclepius. Hippocrates described
chamomile as a medicinal plant, and Galen and Asclepius recommended
chamomile tea… In a herbalist written in Latin
in the 16th century, the Italian physician and botanist Mattioli attributed the ethereal
chamomile oil is an antispasmodic.

In 1500, Jerome Brunschwig, physician and pharmacist, first described the process
distillation of chamomile essential oil..

American botanist James Duke wrote about the role of chamomile in anti-allergic
therapy. In Green Pharmacy (1992), Duke emphasizes
that chamomile contains seven different antihistamines
components, which explains the role of the plant in eliminating symptoms
(at the same time, there are cases of individual intolerance
chamomile itself).

John Heinerman in The Encyclopedia of Fruits, Vegetables and Herbs states,
that chamomile tea, one of the few herbal teas in herbal
kingdom, promotes the restoration of liver tissue and its renewal..

The broadest range of therapeutic properties of chamomile is subject to
research by a group of Indian scientists (J. Srivastava, E. Shankar,
S. Gupta)..

The effect of using chamomile extract in the treatment of aphthous stomatitis
investigated by A. Tadbir, S. Purshahidib, H. Ebrahimik, Z. Hadjipurd
and etc..

The possibility of using chamomile as an antidepressant and positive
its effects on depressed patients were
analyzed by foreign representatives of science: J. Schultz, K.
Rockwell, A. Newberg..

Does it work chamomile against cancer? You can say
that a significant place is given to chamomile in the future fight against cancer

In the scientific work of T. Goncharova and S. Lukashuk, the possibilities of
using a multicomponent herbal collection (which includes
chamomile) in anti-cancer therapy..

The biological activity of chamomile substances, mineral elements contained
in the essential oil of the plant, investigated Pervyshina G., Efremov A.,
Gordienko G., Agafonova E..

In dietetics

Chamomile increases appetite and improves nutrient absorption.

Chamomile tea

In cooking

Chamomile has long been a component of a variety of drinks. Original,
somewhat spicy taste and specific “apple” aroma explain
the popularity of chamomile on the vegetarian menu.

  • Chamomile tea. For the preparation of aromatic
    chamomile tea will need the following ingredients: 2 tablespoons
    fresh chamomile inflorescences, 2 cups boiling water, two apple slices,
    honey. Rinse the chamomile flowers with running water. Pour over the infuser
    kettle with boiling water. Mash the apple slices with a wooden spoon. Flowers
    Pour chamomile and apple into a teapot with two cups of boiling water.
    Infuse tea for 5 minutes. Pour into cups. Add honey to taste..
  • Soup with chamomile and cauliflower. That
    to prepare such an original vegetarian dish, you will need:
    6 chamomile tea bags, 3 cups of water, 500 g colored
    cabbage, a quarter of an onion, 2 stalks of celery,
    a tablespoon of olive
    oils, salt, pepper. In a deep saucepan, cook from
    water and chamomile tea bags broth, boiling it for 5 minutes.
    Remove the bags from the broth. Divide the cauliflower into inflorescences
    and simmer in chamomile tea with the lid closed for 15 minutes. In a frying pan
    fry the onions and celery in oil. Purée boiled colored
    cabbage, onion with celery, salt, pepper and chamomile broth in
    blender. Depending on the amount of chamomile added
    tea, you can make the puree soup thicker or thinner..

In cosmetology

Chamomile extract is part of various funds
care cosmetics. Floral has an excellent cosmetic effect.
ice made from chamomile decoction. Such ice cubes can be
use as a tonic, rubbing them over the face. Take off
swelling, chamomile will help eliminate bags and bruises under the eyes
tea. Poured with a small amount of boiling water and chilled sachets
chamomile tea is applied to the eyelids for a few minutes.

Camomile tea used as a rinse
for hair: it has a slight toning effect and gives a golden

Use in perfumery

Chamomile essential oil has proven its worth in the perfume industry as well.
The scent of chamomile brings variety to the so-called floral and
woody compositions.

Other uses

Chamomile oil used in aromatherapy. Some
drops of oil in an aroma lamp, on a handkerchief, or a small piece
tissues relieve tension, have a relaxing and soothing effect.
Breathe slowly and steadily during an aromatherapy session.

Massage treatments also include heavy use of chamomile
essential oil. For massage, it is better to combine chamomile oil with olive oil.
or lavender..

Chamomile heals not only people but also plants. Spraying over beds
with young shoots of chamomile tea protects many garden and vegetable gardens
cultures from fungal infection and mold disease..

Girl on chamomile field

Interesting Facts

A humble chamomile flower called “small sun on the palm of your hand»
in his poem A. Fet. This plant is dedicated to the sad
and a poetic tale by Hans-Christian Andersen and poetry by Agnia Barto.

In the interpretation of dreams, chamomile symbolizes the general state of health.
person. To see yourself walking through a chamomile field in a dream is to find
in the near future, healing from a mental or physical illness.

The ancient Egyptians considered the plant sacred and believed that chamomile
is a gift presented to people by the sun god.

Dangerous properties of chamomile and contraindications

Does it chamomile contraindications? Wrong
calculated, exceeded doses of chamomile essential oil can provoke
headache and a state of general weakness, weakness. When consumed
chamomile during the recommended time does not mark specific
side effects, but large doses cause hoarseness, cough,
inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eyes, painful and heavy menstruation,
mental disorders (irritability, fear, obsessive
and delusional ideas, hallucinations). It is also important to remember about the possible individual
intolerance to the components of chamomile as part of any drug,
which can lead to the development of an allergic reaction..

Chamomile during pregnancy is not contraindicated, but its use should
be limited and strictly on the recommendation of a doctor.

A contraindication to treatment with chamomile preparations is also:

  • anacid gastritis, which develops as a result of a decrease / absence in the gastric content of hydrochloric acid;
  • ulcerative lesions of the stomach or duodenum arising in connection with this type of gastritis..

We have collected the most important points about the benefits and possible dangers of chamomile.
in this illustration and we will be very grateful if you share
a picture on social networks, with a link to our page:

Botanical description

It is an annual herb of the family Astrovich (Compositae).

Origin of the name

People call camomile meadow grass, uterine grass, kamilka,
novel grass, novelist, novel color
… Origin
the name comes down to two versions: the use of a Latin word,
used in ancient herbalists, the adjective “Romanian»
(chamaemelon romana – «chamomile roman“); borrowing
from the Polish language. Latin name – Feverfew
(from “matrix” – “uterus”) – due to the widespread use of
plants in the treatment of gynecological diseases. Term
was introduced into scientific use by Karl Linnaeus.


There are 25 plant species. The most common ones are:

  1. 1 Chamomile officinalis (pharmacy,
    ). Growth area – North America, Eurasia.
    Pharmacy chamomile is one of the most cultivated species. Valuable
    a medicinal plant whose essential oil contains a substance
    chamazulene, successfully used in medicine.
  2. 2 Tongue chamomile (green,
    American, fragrant
    ) – originally endemic to North America.
    The growing area in the modern world is unusually extensive. Plant
    with a strong and persistent aroma, successfully used in medical
    the purposes..

Chamomile officinalis – grass up to 40-50
see The root system is taproot, the root is weakly branched. Stems
ribbed, have many branches, leaves are sessile, bipinnate,
with threadlike segments. Inflorescences are numerous baskets. IN
the middle of the flowers are tubular, bright yellow, at the edges – ligulate, white.
The fruit is an oblong achene that ripens in early summer. Period
chamomile bloom begins in May and lasts until August, sometimes until
early autumn.

Chamomile grows on roadsides, meadows, glades, on light sandy
soils, between crops. The plant is cultivated as a medicinal[2,4].

Growing conditions

The history of chamomile cultivation goes back centuries. Growing season
not long – about 2 months, and the life cycle of the plant fits
in the interval from 3 to 4 months. Chamomile seed germinates
at a positive temperature of 3 degrees. At temperature conditions
from 20 degrees in about a week, full shoots appear.
For sowing, fertile soils of average mechanical composition are chosen.
Chamomile takes root well on the site after growing clean on it
steam, winter crops, pure fallow, row crops.
If chamomile is sown in the soil from under a winter crop, they are first husked
stubble, and with the onset of autumn they plow the plow to a depth of 0,2 meters
and apply organic fertilizers.

Breeding method for chamomile seed. Sowing is carried out in the fall for
a month or a couple of days before the onset of frost. More successful
winter crops. Autumn seeding rates range from 20 to
25 g of seeds per 1 hectare (sprinkled with a layer of soil up to 1 cm). Winter
the norm is 10 g more. The distance between the rows is 0,4 meters.
After sowing, the soil is wrapped in order to retain moisture, prevent
blowing seeds with the wind. For the preservation of small seedlings, the initial
the row spacing is marked manually, later for plowing
use a cultivator and weed the rows..

Adult bushes are planted in early autumn, when transplanting, be sure
keep clods of earth on the roots.

The plant needs moderate watering and is light-requiring. Excellent yields
chamomile gives in an open area, lit by a lot
direct sunlight. Chamomile tolerates wintering well in conditions
large snow drifts..

Chamomile flowers close up

Flower chamomile inflorescences are harvested in summer, if the weather
without precipitation. Flower baskets are harvested without a stem, long
peduncle residues should not exceed 3 cm. Raw materials are dried
in the shade, in places with good ventilation, spreading inflorescences thin
a layer on a cloth or paper, shaking occasionally. The collection is made
in several stages, as new flowers open. Procurement of raw materials
coincides precisely with that period of chamomile flowering when the tubular
flowers in a basket inflorescence have opened by ½, and the outer ones have not yet
descend from top to bottom (i.e. when ligulate flowers are placed along the edge
horizontally). Failure to comply with this rule leads to the fact that
when dried, the inflorescences crumble. Accelerates the collection process of special
device, stroke. Externally similar to chamomile medicinal chamomile
odorless and common daisy can be harvested by mistake.
Along with medicinal chamomile, chamomile baskets are also harvested

On an industrial scale, chamomile raw materials are stored in dense paper
bags. At home, it is best to store chamomile in a securely closing
porcelain containers..

Power circuit

Chamomile is part of green forage in pastures and is eaten
cattle and small ruminants along with other grasses. but
due to the presence of tannins in parts of the plant and the specificity of the chemical
composition, after the inclusion of chamomile in the feed of a goat or cow, milk
acquires a special, rather unpleasant odor.

Useful and dangerous properties of other herbs:

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Anna Evans

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