Beekeeping is famous for its variety of products and richness of taste. Wild honey is rare. Its second name is airborne. The Urals, Bashkiria and the Carpathians are places where the extraction of this sweet product is developed to a greater extent than in other regions. In this mountainous area, it is easy to find bee houses in rock compartments or in trees.
Features and differences of wild honey
The peculiarity lies in the way it appears and gets. Uncultivated bees live in extreme conditions. Nobody equips the hive, does not clean, does not save from diseases, does not protect the bee family. This is a feature of the side view. Wild bees live in large families. Only in this way are they able to protect themselves from the attacks of animals that come to feast on. Such a habitat has brought up aggression and endurance. It is in these conditions that this type of nutritious and healthy honey is obtained.
Product extraction conditions
This product began to be mined in antiquity. At that time, food was obtained in all possible ways. Bortnichestvo emerged as one of the first human occupations. Its purpose was to find a place where wild bees live and build their nests. They destroyed bee houses and got food out of them. After that, the insects moved to build shelters in more secluded places. Bortniki had to look for them again.
Later, people learned to make boards themselves, choosing a place suitable for the bees’ life.
More often the nests were located in the holes of the rocks. It was important to create a comfortable environment with the expectation of expanding the family. This made the work of the bees much easier. A year later, these boards were already inhabited by insect families.
Such bees are hardy and able to work without stopping. Insects are engaged in this around the clock, regardless of weather conditions. This efficiency allows you to collect 5 – 15 kg of nutritious product. But the season is short, lasts during the flowering of linden, and this is less than a month. With the development of civilization, extraction was gradually replaced by organized beekeeping activities.
You need to be able to distinguish between wild and domestic bees. It’s easy. Their color is dark gray.
Collecting wild honey
Border honey is collected once a year at the end of summer. Naturally, during this time, honey infuses and loses moisture. Therefore, his concentration becomes higher. Insects are able to work throughout the season without stopping. They take pollen from wild plants. These are hawthorn, thyme, sage and other plants. In other words, while the flowering is in progress, the bee is working.
The process of obtaining wild honey by humans developed gradually. The demand for this product increased. Accordingly, the requests also increased. Those who are doing this to this day try to make boards in accessible places. For example, making a hive in a trunk is much easier. Finding the right environment is equally important. A source of clean water and melliferous plants are needed nearby. It is advisable to choose those places where there is a lot of linden and aromatic herbs. The exit from the makeshift hive should face south.
Having created such “living conditions”, one can be sure that within two years the place will be occupied by a swarm. It is better to place it at a distance from the ground. It should be such that bears and other animals wishing to feast on the sweet product cannot get to it.
The beekeeper, when collecting wild honey, always leaves some of the sweetness inside in order to support the life of insects until the next season.
Differences of the variety
Obviously, this honey has many differences. Extracted in such a complex way cannot have a low price. Therefore, you do not need to chase cheapness, it is most likely a fake.
Features of wild honey that will help you not to run into a fake:
- The color of this type of honey is dark brown, saturated;
- Strong aroma;
- Bright tart taste;
- The structure of the product is viscous.
Bortevoy honey is a mixture of plant nectar, but it is impossible to determine the individual components.
Learn to distinguish varieties by taste, smell and color.
Composition of honey and calorie content
The composition of this honey is unique. It is unlike any other. The level of usefulness for the body of such a product is so very high. These are both hormonal components and organic acids. Wild honey is rich in natural elements. This is wax, propolis. It contains vitamins E, B, K and others.
Attention! The very composition of the bead variety of honey is not found in any other. These are the elements:
Useful properties of bead honey
Wild honey is produced far from the hustle and bustle of the city in an almost ecologically clean environment. Therefore, it is full of beneficial properties. Especially for school children. By increasing efficiency and activating mental activity, it helps to cope with the stresses of the training program.
Honey has become a must-have product for astronauts in flight. They always take it with them. Nutrients solve the problem of vitamin deficiency during a long journey.
This product helps pregnant women during toxicosis. And for the fetus, it is useful for the presence of uterine milk, which has a beneficial effect on the development of its hormonal system. For men, this beekeeping product helps to recover from intense physical exertion. To a greater extent, this applies to athletes after the competition.
Regularly include bee products in the menu should become a rule. This will improve the overall health and health of your family. Each component of honey makes its own contribution. Pollen actively fights inflammation. And also it is used in the treatment of the genitourinary system. The poison is great for fighting germs.
Wild honey is not inferior in quality to other types. More often, he helps out with the following diseases:
- Colds infections;
- Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
- Problems with the urinary system.
Like other types of honey, this wild nectar does not bring pleasure to everyone. He has contraindications:
Individual intolerance. Children under two years old. Allergic reactions. Breastfeeding period.
Wild honey is not recommended for people with obesity and diabetes.
How to choose the right wild honey
This sweetness, donated by bees, is not often found on the market. Therefore, buyers are not familiar with the distinctive qualities of wild honey. Often, frequent sellers slip customers a similar in color, but a different variety. Knowing the characteristics, you can easily recognize a fake.
No honey is ever so thick. This viscous mass tastes oversweetened. After it, it is slightly sore throat. It is more difficult to recognize by color, it does not have a constant shade. It depends on the plants from which the workers collect pollen: from light to dark brown. The Bashkir product is so fragrant that, inhaling, thoughts are carried over to a flowering meadow. There should not be a homogeneous mass in a container with honey. Pollen and wax often get there.
Keeping these qualities in mind, it will be easier to recognize a natural product among counterfeits. But it is better to buy not on the market, but from trusted beekeepers. To confirm natural honey, they receive certificates.
Wild honey is more nutritious than other types. It contains more vitamins than others. If eaten within 10 days, then you can feel lightness. Therefore, it is better to stock up on sweets for the winter, because in winter diseases overtake more often. It’s time to get ready for the cold!