Pelargonium is a favorite and very popular houseplant. Pelargonium (Pelargonium) Is a genus of plants of the geranium family. Often in everyday life, pelargonium is called geranium. South Africa is considered the homeland of pelargonium, from where it came from the wild savannas to Europe and then to Russia several centuries ago. Pelargonium (geranium) immediately took root in the homes of nobles and other nobility, and then spread among the people. The plant has established itself as unpretentious, cold-resistant and, most importantly, blooming most of the time with beautiful lush inflorescences. Since that time, this plant has taken its rightful place on the windowsill.
Pelargonium. Farmer Burea-Uinsurance.com André Mouraux
However, pelargonium grows not only behind glass, but also decorates balconies and even garden beds. Growing on the windowsill, it pleases the human eye with its beautiful flowers, and also releases bactericidal substances into the air that destroy harmful microorganisms that are so actively multiplying in our apartments. The essential oils contained in the leaves of pelargonium have a beneficial effect on human health, soothe his psyche, reduce blood pressure and normalize the heart rate, and support depression and menopause. Pelargonium leaves help well as a compress for sciatica, otitis media, osteochondrosis, migraine.
The varieties of some pelargonium have a pleasant aroma, carrying apple, orange, lemon and other pleasant fragrant motives, which makes it even more beloved, and there is no need to talk about the splendor of the inflorescences and the variety of their colors. It is impossible to list all the colors, it is only worth noting that there is no real yellow and blue pelargonium.
Reproduction of pelargonium
Any person can grow pelargonium. It propagates by stem cuttings, which can be harvested all year round, but pelargonium takes root best of all in spring and summer. Cuttings are cut from the tops or from the lateral shoots, and the latter give roots much faster. The stalk should have at least three leaves and be about 5-10 cm. Pelargonium cuttings are placed in water a few hours after cutting or stuck in wet sand, and after a week and a half the first roots appear.
You can plant the stalk immediately after cutting to a permanent location in a convenient pot. The soil for pelargonium is suitable from a mixture of turf, sand, humus and leafy earth. Everything is taken in equal parts, with the exception of sand, it is taken in half. Large and small pebbles are placed at the bottom of the pot. This will act as ballast and prevent water from stagnating in the bottom of the pot.
Which pot to choose for pelargonium?
The pot for pelargonium should be chosen small, this is what will contribute to the rapid flowering. On the contrary, a large pot will lead to the fact that pelargonium begins to intensively develop shoots with large leaves, but it will practically not bloom. Pelargonium does not like transplants and can grow in the same pot for many years.
Caring for pelargonium
Pelargonium care is not difficult. It must be watered systematically and abundantly, but at the same time, the soil must not be waterlogged.
In winter, pelargonium is watered much less frequently and kept in a cool place. The optimum temperature at this time of the year for pelargonium is about + 15 degrees. Coolness, diffused light and calm stimulate pelargonium to flourish all spring, summer and autumn.
With the arrival of spring, pelargonium is transferred to a warm, sunny place, where it begins its intensive growth. Usually the pelargonium bush reaches a height of 50-60 cm. The tops of the pelargonium must be pinched. This will give the growth of side shoots, which will allow the plant to be bushy. In addition, inflorescences with very large flowers will immediately begin to form on the side shoots.
In summer, it is recommended to take pelargonium out to the balcony, in the fresh air. It is worth noting that you should not spray the leaves of pelargonium with water. This plant does not like such wet care. Systematically, yellowing leaves and wilted inflorescences need to be removed from pelargonium. Pelargonium is responsive to loosening the soil, while the root system is strengthened.
Diseases of pelargonium
Pelargonium is rarely sick, diseases usually develop due to abundant watering and lack of fresh air. In this case, a dark spot is formed near the rhizome, which softens the tissue of the stem. In this case, the plant is destroyed. To prevent the development of gray rot, blackfoot and other fungal diseases, pelargonium should be treated with a fungicide once a year.
Pelargonium is good for everyone! And she will never go out of fashion, no matter how newfangled indoor plants try to force her out of the window sill. Pelargonium can even be called an old-timer among indoor flowers. And if you don’t have this interesting plant at home, then it’s time to start one. Will not disappoint! That’s for sure!