Among the variety of indoor plants, the Mukalla orchid will become a real decoration of the room. The presence of this plant will bring elegance and chic to any interior.
- Variety description
- Cultivation of the cultivar
- Planting <
- Nursing <
- Diseases and pests
- Pest control
- Pest control
- Prevention <
Phalaenopsis Mukalla is a hybrid variety. This is one of the most common types of ornamental orchids. benevolence:
- massive roots up to 8 mm thick, having a gray-green color;
- oval leaves of an asymmetric shape with a flat and smooth structure;
- leaf color unusually spotted, elegantly looks in a compact outlet;
- up to 5 flowers on the stem have a bilateral symmetrical arrangement;
- in diameter, the buds open up to 5 cm;
- the color varies from purple to bright purple;
- each flower is highlighted with a white border around the edge and a cherry inner petal.
This orchid variety is odorless. The flowering period lasts from 4 to 7 months.
Cultivation of the variety
Orchid belongs to the subspecies dwarf, because the place on the windowsill will take a little.
The orchid is not high, but for good growth it requires a medium-sized vessel for planting. For this variety, it is worth choosing a pot with a diameter of 8–9 cm and about 10 cm in height. Too low capacity will not allow the root system of the plant to fully develop.
Phalaenopsis Mukalla is grown using seeds. The correctness of sowing consists in observing a number of rules:
- Seeds are disinfected before planting. To do this, use a solution of chloride of lime, which is soaked for 15 minutes.
- Using a pressure cooker will prevent the microbe and spores of fungi from getting onto the planting material.
- Seed containers are kept at a temperature of 18–20 ° C until the first leaves appear.
- The substrate for planting is pre-steamed.
The process of growing seedlings is long and laborious. A flowering plant is expected no earlier than 5 years after planting.
Reproduction by division of the peduncle is also acceptable for the species of Mukall phalaenopsis. The optimal time for holding falls at the beginning of summer. Cuttings are carried out according to this scheme:
- Remove the leaves on the stem from the bottom.
- Disinfect the cut sites with activated charcoal.
- Use the complex of fertilizers in the maximum proportion.
- Wait for the emergence of young roots and plant them in the prepared soil.
- Moisten the soil 2-3 days after planting.
- Provide optimal lighting and moderate watering.
A young plant will appear in a few months with proper care.
This method Orchid propagation is performed only when the baby has more than 2 full root processes. Pine bark cleansing or coconut chips are well suited for planting. Dilute the soil by adding peat or moss of the sphagnum subspecies in small doses. Such an additive will reduce the alkalization of the substrate.
Care for such an indoor plant should be comprehensive. It includes:
- Watering. In the warm period, watering should be done only once a week. During dormancy, the plant needs an extremely rare introduction of fluid – 1-2 times a month and a half. The best time for watering is the morning hours, because in the period before sunrise, the roots are saturated with moisture for the whole day. Irrigation of the soil is carried out with water heated up to 25 ° C from above onto a container with phalaenopsis. Do not allow water to accumulate in the pot. Watering is carried out when the roots are covered with a silver-gray film. This is a clear sign of need for moisture.
- Lighting. To stimulate plant growth, you need to organize a bright, but diffused light.Do not leave the window open to prevent direct sunlight. Optimal placement slightly away from the window opening in the southern part of the room. The western side is a bad place for these flowers.
- Top dressing. For Phalaenopsis Mukkala, all fertilizers with a mark for orchids are allowed. They should be made with a frequency of at least a month. With frequent feeding, the plant will grow, but flowering is unlikely. In order for the orchid to please the lush buds, wait for the intervals between the application of various fertilizers. If you decide to change the drug – extend the interval to a month and a half.
- Transplant. The plant must be transplanted into another container only in the case of a comprehensive dense filling of the pot with root processes. Transplanting is carried out similar to propagation by sprouts, indicated above.
Diseases and pests
Mukalla orchid variety is not resistant to diseases and parasites, like all types phalaenopsis.
Phalaenopsis diseases can be caused by improper care. Such problems include burns, hypothermia and rotting of the roots. In resuscitation, the selection of the optimal temperature, the removal of damaged areas and the normalization of irrigation will help.
Among the diseases caused by microorganisms, there are:
- powdery mildew;
- fusarium rot.
When a disease is detected, treatment is started as soon as possible. For the fight, a solution of callloid sulfur or copper-containing preparations is used. Having previously disposed of the plant from damaged parts.
The parasites that damage the plant include:
To control pests, chemicals are used specifically for each species. Among the most effective are Raid, Raptor, Bazudin, Actellik, Fitoverm, Hexachloran, Aktara.
Folk remedies are also widespread. Good results include: garlic infusion, potassium permanganate solution, laundry soap, vegetable oil, ash, sticky flytraps.
You must adhere to the rights to prevent silt:
- Let the soil dry between watering.
- Water should not accumulate in the pot.
- The substrate is frozen and disinfected before planting.
- Damaged and drying parts of the orchid must be removed.
- Loosening the soil periodically.
- Using a soap solution to wipe the leaves 2 times a year.
Mukalla orchid variety has gained popularity among gardeners due to its unpretentiousness in cultivation, beautiful appearance and long flowering.