In the fall, gardeners will get a planting calendar for next year. They know that different species need an individual hike. This applies to both crops for the garden and flowers. Using the lunar calendar at times facilitates the work. In order for the planting of flower seedlings to be successful in 2019, you need to know the favorable days for it.
- General recommendations
- Outdoor transplant
The calendar shows the optimal timing of sowing seedlings, the phases of the moon, their influence on the growth and development of seedlings, describes the timing for all kinds of actions of gardeners, such as watering, transplanting, fertilizing and picking.
X The phase of the growing moon is considered a good time for gardening. During this period, the juice in the stems moves directly from the roots to the leaves. This is the phase of the fastest and strongest growth.
The roots become soft, lose their characteristic elasticity. Unfortunately, during this period they are much easier to damage, but due to the regenerative properties they are quickly restored. At this time, the culture is much easier to plant in prepared soil or containers, and the likelihood that the plant will take root increases several times.
On days not recommended for transplantation, the movement of the juice is directed to the roots. They are gaining strength. Amateur gardeners know that if sowing flowers during this period, volume shoots should not be expected.Even the highest quality seeds are unlikely to take root and begin active growth.
In different phases of the moon, it is recommended to carry out such garden work:
- during the growing moon, it is customary to plant tall species and varieties that blooming magnificently. Plants with a high stem are prepared for planting. It is worth taking a while to transplant indoor flowers;
- the phase of the waning moon is suitable for cutting, because active root growth begins. Planting tuberous and bulbous crops will be successful. These days they can be dug up for storage from the soil;
- at the new moon, experienced flower growers do not recommend any land work. It is better to transfer them to other days. At the full moon, they begin to collect seeds and prepare the ground for growing other crops;
- lunar eclipses are a rare occurrence. On such days, it is not recommended to transplant or land, as they are considered the worst for gardening.
It is important to remember that sowing on the lunar calendar does not preclude soaking the seeds. This process contributes to the faster emergence of seedlings. In winter, growth stimulants should be used. The safest drug is Epin-Extra.
A solution is used for soaking (4 drops per 100 ml of water). The procedure is performed for 5-6 hours. After that, the seeds are dried and sown in the prepared fertilized soil.
Gardeners and summer residents in January prefer long-term crops and plants that need a low temperature in the first stage for further active development. For flowers, there are only two most successful days – the 15th and the 16th.
If you start their preparation on the marked dates, the culture will have time to gain strength and stock up with the necessary elements. For annual crops, the optimal dates for sowing seeds are January 11, 14, 17 and 18. The worst days (the phases of the new moon and full moon) are on the 6th and 21st.
The first half of the month will be good for cloves Shabo and begonia. Such early preparation will provide quick shoots. Their flowering will occur in late May – early June. They plant the seeds of clematis, perennial delphinium, primrose, perennial violet, iris, lavender and backache.
These crops require significant growth stimulation at low temperatures. Perennials are the most common plants for planting this month. They quickly take root and retain their qualities for a long time.
In the second half of the month it is better to engage in lobelia, zonal pelargonium. Continuation of primrose cultivation is possible.
February is “available” for a wider variety of crops. Daylight hours are growing. This has a positive effect on photophilous plants.This month they begin to sow seeds in greenhouses. There are more successful days than in January – February 11, 16, 17 and 23. For annual crops, 7, 8, 12, 13, 15, 22-25 numbers are suitable. Adverse days are 5 and 19.
In February, snapdragon, Turkish carnation, tobacco, passiflora, narrow-leaved lavender, daisies begin to germinate. Petunia and verbena are sown in hanging containers. They begin to bloom by mid-May – early June.
Continue to grow Shabo cloves and begonias. Fuchsia, cyclamen, balsam are best cultivated at home as indoor plants. These flowers need more heat than the rest.
In the second half of February, it is advised to engage in container crops. The containers are prepared in advance and acquire special soil so that plants can quickly ascend and grow strong. Marigolds, Nemesia and Gatzania are perfect.
This month, sap flow begins in the stems of indoor plants and seedlings. In addition, the month is very busy: it is ideal for planting other (non-flower) crops. Good days will be March 2, 11, 15, 16, 19 and 29. It is better to engage in annual crops on the 2nd, 15th and 23rd. The worst days for work are marked on March 6 and 21.
This month, sowing of flowering plants is limited. Annuals are planted – asters, left-handed, gelichrysum. All varieties of petunias (ampelous, terry annual, etc.) can easily take root in the ground.Bells, phlox, Iberis, verbena, lobularia will begin to bloom by mid-May, if they are sown at the indicated time.
Continue to germinate salvia, snapdragon and fragrant tobacco.
Growers begin to switch from seedlings to picks to a pre-prepared soil mixture this month. The earth is getting warmer. Lighting and heat will be enough for the necessary development. Before placing the seeds in the prepared soil, they are soaked and waiting for germination.
There are three most favorable days for planting seedlings of flowers in 2019 – April 7, 12 and 16. For annual plants, 6, 8, 9, 11, 12, 16, 17 and 25 are suitable. There will be no sprouts if you plant flowers on April 5 and 19.
This month, gardeners prefer fast-growing crops such as peas, marigolds, annual phlox, clarkia and zinnia. April is suitable for landing a dolphinium and aquilegia, if this was not done in January. However, the appearance of flowers must be expected much later – by mid-June.
In May, flower growers completely move away from sowing seeds for seedlings. The whole landing goes right into the prepared soil. However, the month is considered quite “moody.” The temperature can be either suitable for active processes of plants, or low.
An ideal solution for preserving crops is to cover the holes with a film to warm the earth. At the end of the month, unpretentious plants can be planted.
Gardeners and summer residents conduct land work on May 9, 13, 14, 15 and 16. Annual crops are practically not planted. But if you decide to sow such crops, for this purpose the 8th, 12th, 15-18th will go. Adverse days remain unchanged – May 5 and 19.
In the prepared soil immediately sow annual crops, which are characterized by a short growing season. More attention is paid to perennials – asters, marigolds, daisies and cornflowers. Tuberous and bulbous plants — tulips, gladioli, crocuses, hyacinths, and dahlias — will grow ideally. gardeners and beginners. They determine the optimal time for all planned activities:
- soaking and sowing seeds;
- picking and fertilizing seedlings;
- planting grown plants at a permanent place in open ground
- fertilizers of crops, etc.
Florists, having studied the information from the calendar, can accurately calculate the periods of engraftment, further development and active growth of the crop.
Until February 7, it is strongly recommended that no land work be carried out. Do not touch indoor plants. 7th – the day when it is worth starting to soak the seeds and prepare the place. You can plant seedlings in closed ground in a greenhouse. The rest of the days are not favorable for working with flower crops.