The queen of bulbous lilies is a true favorite of gardeners and florists. At least one type of lily is found in almost every garden and in every flower stand. But potted and indoor lilies are just beginning to come into fashion, despite the fact that other garden bulbous have long been used as interior decoration. Meanwhile, lilies are no less adapted to the potted form of growing lilies than tulips, hyacinths and daffodils. They just require large containers and attention. How to grow lilies in rooms, I will tell you in the article.
Garden lilies – how to grow in rooms? Farmer Burea-Uinsurance.com bt
Choosing lilies for indoor growing
In rooms, you can successfully grow either varieties specially bred for indoor culture or compact varieties that almost do not form children. Lilies that grow well in rooms include:
- special “pot” varieties royal lily (Lilium regalum);
- grade beautiful lily (lily fair);
- grade long-flowered lily (lily longiftorum);
- grade lilies golden (gilded lily);
- pot varieties Mid-century groups oriental and Asian hybrids.
It is worth giving preference to dwarf or undersized (40-60 cm – optimal height) and the most unpretentious, early varieties. The color scheme is chosen according to taste.
For room culture, large (from 40 g), healthy bulbs are used – the best, selected specimens.
Containers and substrate
It is not worth planting lilies in separate containers: lilies are placed in a group of 3-6 bulbs, which allows you to quickly fill the substrate with roots and achieve greater decorativeness.
For indoor lilies, choose very large deep containers with a good drainage hole. Pots with a height of 30 cm or more are suitable (the optimal depth is 40 cm or more). The volume of the desired group is calculated by diameter: for each lily, you need to leave 16-20 cm. Cube. soil. In a container with a diameter of about 40 cm, 3-4 bulbs can be planted.
Lilies will be able to develop normally only in loose, neutral soil from among the super-nutritious substrates. You can look for a special substrate for lilies, or choose a soil for flowering plants, or mix turf soil with compost (or humus) and a portion of complete mineral fertilizers.
To prevent problems with compaction, even in the finished substrate, it is better to additionally add a handful of coarse sand and other loosening additives, for example, perlite. Drainage for lilies is required, with a layer of 5 cm.
If there is no opportunity to supplement the illumination of the plants, it is possible to plant lilies for indoor culture only from the first decade of March. When planting by a certain date and shifting the flowering period, it should be borne in mind that approximately 2,5-3 months will pass from planting to flowering. For winter holidays, lilies are planted in the second half of September, for flowering in May – in the first half of March.
Planting indoor lilies
It is simple to prepare lilies for planting: garden bulbs need to be kept for 14-20 days at a temperature of 2 to 5 degrees (a refrigerator is perfect) in wet sawdust or peat. As a rule, special varieties and bulbs purchased from nurseries do not require refrigeration. Before planting, soak in a weak solution of potassium permanganate or fungicides in warm water with growth stimulants.
Lilies are planted in a special way, in two stages. After the main planting, the soil will have to be filled up. But there is nothing complicated in this procedure:
- A drainage layer is poured onto the bottom of the container.
- The pot is filled with a layer of soil up to 10 cm high, so that the bulb placed on it is deepened to three of its heights (from 15 to 20 cm from the top of the container).
- The bulb is filled with soil strictly horizontally, top up, leaving a distance of 2-3 cm between the plants and to the walls. There should be 15 to 20 cm to the top of the pot.
- The containers are filled with the substrate, slightly squeezing the bulbs, but trying not to tamp it too much. Half to a third of the bulb should remain above the soil line, and about half of the pot should be empty. If, when buying potted varieties, it was recommended to fill them completely, follow the instructions, but still leave about 7 cm to the top of the pot to fill in the soil.
- Planting is completed with light watering with warm water.
Read also our article Eucharis – a snow-white indoor lily.
Cool distillation after planting
After planting, the bulbs are kept at a temperature of 10 to 15 degrees, in soft diffused lighting or partial shade. Watering is carried out very carefully, slightly moistening the soil and preventing it from completely drying out or high humidity. Only after signs of growth appear, the lilies are transferred to warm rooms. Lighting should be increased to the brightest possible.
The first feeding is carried out a week after the start of growth. Watering is gradually increased, switching to plentiful, when the lily shoots exceed the height of the edge of the pot. At this stage, the sprouts can be sprayed with growth stimulants.
Only after the arrows of the lily rise above the edge of the container (to a height of 8-10 cm) can the planting of the lilies be completed. The pots are filled with the substrate without tamping, leaving 1-2 cm for easy watering.
Conditions for indoor lilies
Bright lighting is a basic requirement for unique indoor lilies. Even eastern or western window sills are not always sufficient for this bulbous. The ideal place for indoor lilies is a south window or balcony. In cloudy weather, especially at the beginning of growth, supplementary lighting can be organized. When landing for distillation at atypical times, supplementary lighting should be constant from the first day of planting.
When choosing a place for lilies, it is worth remembering that they do not tolerate crowding. They are not exhibited in groups with other indoor crops, allowing them to show off in splendid isolation or placing them so that the leaves do not touch either neighboring plants or surfaces.
Lilies grow best at temperatures between 21 and 25 degrees during the active growing season. The most difficult and controversial moment in growing lilies in a room is their love of coolness. Many large-flowered varieties will prefer cool nights down to 8-12 degrees, while special potted lilies will thrive in warmth. If possible, cool nights are organized constantly or at least during the growth of peduncles, lowering the temperature by 4-6 degrees with the arrival of dusk.
You can’t grow lilies without fresh air. Ideally, take them out to the balconies or garden as soon as the weather permits. But even in the rooms it is necessary to carry out frequent neat ventilation.
Read also our article 5 non-boring alternatives to hippeastrum.
Indoor lily care
Indoor lilies are watered abundantly, draining water from the trays and drying only the top centimeter of the soil, but avoiding excessive dampness. The water should not be hard or cold. Lilies love spraying. They are carried out over the leaves without soaking the buds in summer.
Indoor lilies are fed weekly with a halved fertilizer concentration or every 2 weeks with a full dose. For these bulbs, fertilizer is used for lilies or flowering plants. Every 2 weeks before the formation of buds, it is better to carry out foliar dressing with growth stimulants.
The rest of the care comes down to maintaining the cleanliness of the foliage, loosening the soil surface and installing supports for the stems, which do not always cope with the mass of flowers.
Potted lilies can be affected by soil and ground pests. For any signs of infestation with spider mites, aphids, nematodes and other pests, it is worthwhile to immediately start treatment with insecticides. With waterlogged soil, there is a risk of rapid spread of rot, requiring drying of the soil and, most often, emergency digging with the removal of the affected parts.
Read also our article 10 of the best flowering indoor plants.
Indoor lilies after flowering
As the flowering begins and the shoots begin to die off, it is necessary to proportionally reduce watering and stop feeding. Lilies are not left to winter in the substrate. You can remove the bulb from the soil only after the aboveground parts dry out on their own. Children must be separated.
For the dormant period, lilies are kept in wet sand, peat or sawdust in a cool room (2-5 degrees Celsius), planted in pots for the next flowering at the desired time. But if the varieties want to alternate or plan to replace, the bulbs, if desired, can be transferred to open soil in compliance with the rules of open ground agrotechnics.