One of the most popular types of ducks among poultry houses is the Indochka. In their own farms, meat and meat-poultry birds are of particular value. The name of the breed is associated with the people who raised these birds. The Indians were the first to breed them, hence the prefix Indo. A similar name was given to an Indian chicken – turkey.
- A bit of history
- General characteristics
- Existing varieties
- Comparative analysis of domesticated and non-domesticated ducks
- Selection work
- Conditions of detention
- Features of feeding
- How to keep
- What can hurt
A little history
Karl Linney gave the name to the species – musky. a muscular beak outgrowth on the beak that produces musk. If you click on it, a greasy secretion with a sharp aroma will come out. This property was taken as the basis for the scientific name.
There are individuals in the southern states of the USA, in Florida and Texas Birds are undemanding to food and care. They are successfully bred by farmers all over the world.
There are many breeds of indochoke, but the same external data are common to all. The appearance is as follows:
- large body on low strong legs;
- wide rib cage;
- on the small head of the drakes and ducks above the beak there are red growths having the appearance of corals.
Indo-species are divided into breeds and differ in the colors of feathers, eyes, paws and beak.The wings of all representatives are large, tightly adjacent to the body. The feathered birds feel great in the water, but in the absence of a pond they adapt to the water tank set by the breeder.
The nature of the indowe is calm, balanced. They get along well with other varieties of poultry. Sensing danger, they do not quack, but emit a hiss, which serves to intimidate the enemy. All breeds of indolets are approximately the same weight. The mass of the male is 6 kg, the average weight of the female varies in the region of 3 kg.
In the egg laying of a musky female, from 8 to 14 eggs. Females carry 120 eggs per year. Indians gain 1.5 to 4 kg by 1.5 months of age. The bird manifests itself as an excellent brood hen, so very often breeders lay eggs and other poultry under it. The diet consists of both plant and animal food.
The different species of indochka differ not only in shade of fluff, but also in tone of eyes and beak. Snow-white individuals have gray-blue eyes, yellow legs, and a beak of a light pink hue. In the black breed of ducks, the color of the feathers is not just black, but with a purple tint, and in the area of the back and wings it is predominantly black-green. The eyes are light brown. The paws are dark, and the beak is most often colored red, sometimes black.
In black and white turkeys, the cover is black with distinct violet and green blotches.The head is covered with white plumage, smoothly passing to the chest and diluting the black feathers on the wings. Brown eyes, yellow paws, red beak with a darkened tip.
The feathers of a brown-white duck are notable for their chocolate-green hue. On the head and chest jewelry made of white feathers. The wings are a shade darker. Brown eyes and paws. At the end of the red beak there is a dark speck.
The plumage of red brown indians with a dark chocolate tint with a tint of green and black on the tip of the tail, feathers and wings. Eye color is dark brown. Bill is reddish with a darkened tip. This breed of ducks is in great demand due to its wonderful unusual color.
White ducks with an abstract pattern are characterized by black spots on the entire surface of the body, arranged in random order. Eyes are light brown, legs are yellow, sometimes with dark spots. The nose is reddish-bluish in color with dark spots, the eyes are gray-blue or light brown.
Comparative analysis of domesticated and non-domesticated ducks
Tamed meat-breeding turkeys differ from their wild relatives in the following way:
- a domestic animal gains mass much faster than a wild relative;
- in a clutch, a wild bird can have a maximum of 10 eggs, a domestic one – 14, the hatching time is the same – 35 days;
- wild individuals are more enduring than domestic ones although this does not prevent them from adapting to any conditions as easily.
As a result of breeding and A precocious hybrid mulard was bred. The result was a breed from the crossing of indigenous and Peking individuals. These are purely meat ducks, they are not capable of having offspring.
This species has several advantages. Mute swarms grow very quickly. They have increased meat and egg productivity. Their fatty liver is considered a delicacy, used by chefs of the best world restaurants for foie gras.
There is no more suitable breed for home breeding than indochka. They are completely unpretentious in food. For the newly acquired chicks, it is necessary to install collapsible structures in the form of canopies, under which you can hide from the heat. The only thing these birds do not like is too high temperatures.On the Internet, you can find a large number of video clips and step-by-step instructions on the photo on how to properly construct a house
In order to winter, the birds will need more serious buildings. These ducks came to us from warm places, so their body is not provided with the release of such an amount of fat that may be needed for warming. The house should be well strengthened and protected from sudden changes in temperature and wind. Other animals are not allowed to enter the house.
It is very simple to keep these birds in iron cages standing in tiers. To make it more convenient to clean the cages, the top of the lower tier is used as pallets, lowering the height of the rear by 15-20 cm. If the area is not very large, they make floors from the mesh at the far edge of the barn. The width of the rods should not be less than 2 mm, the cell size – 20 x 24 mm. The floor must be raised by 20-30 cm and covered with a rough litter. There is no need to change the litter. Biochemical processes create an additional source of heat. Each time the stained layer should be sprinkled with shavings, and to prevent moisture from rising, put lime under the bottom.
There should be no dogs or other animals on the territory for walking birds. The area is best protected with a grid. Such a move will protect the herd and allow the birds to breathe fresh air freely and enjoy the sun. For the successful breeding of indochka their housing must be equipped with all the necessary equipment.The barn should have feeders, drinking bowls, nests.
Features of feeding
For adult ducks and ducklings, feeding is done in different ways. Ducklings in the first three days give a chopped boiled egg, then gradually begin to introduce bread, soaked in milk, cottage cheese, herbs, millet. At the age of 14 days, root crops, boiled wheat grains are put in the feeders. Sand and gravel are poured into different, separate boxes.
If you do regular feeding with Jerusalem artichoke, weight will be gained much faster. Ducks to taste its shoots and tubers. This food makes the plumage brilliant, increases egg production. In the winter months, hay, dried branches, vegetables are used for feeding. You can give a mixed silage. Rubbed and slightly salted, it is put into jars, one tablet of aspirin is placed on top and stored in the cellar.
In order to accelerate the growth of birds, boiled corn, well flavored with fat, is introduced into the diet. It is also useful to give dry feed. Such mixtures saturate the body of birds with vitamins and minerals necessary for I have full-fledged growth and formation of bones and muscle mass. Indoor women consume large amounts of liquid, this is the main feature of the species. From birth, they should have free access to clean water.
How to contain
Bird nests must not be placed on the floor. A great option is a wooden house. It should be kept dry, periodically changing dirty straw. For breeding success, it is important to consider the population density in the house. For 1 square. m should be no more than 20 ducks in the first 2-3 weeks. Upon reaching the ducklings three weeks of age, the area is calculated as follows: per 1 sq. Km. m there should be 6 males.
Four weeks before the start of laying, the families are transferred to a separate habitat.Females at this time are especially sensitive, and nervous tension can reduce their fertility. Indochka rush in the afternoon from 10 to 15 hours. The most egg-laying period lasts about 5 months, then activity gradually begins to decrease by about three months.
What they can get sick
Indians are endowed with nature with quite strong immunity, therefore they are very rarely affected general infection by diseases. The best preventive measures for diseases are compliance with the rules of maintenance:
- clean vessels for feed and water, always full;
- dry rooms;
- good lighting;
- walking in the fresh air.
An insufficiently careful approach to the cultivation of ducks leads to a delay in development and disease. It can lead to diseases such as pasteurellosis, viral hepatitis, aspergillosis, salmonellosis. Birds may develop inflammation of the cloaca or develop pathological eating habits, such as eating fluff.
Large meat turkey chickens are especially popular among poultry farmers. The breeds of these beautiful birds vary in the colors of their feathers, beak and legs. The individuals of the species gain weight very quickly, and quite large. The peculiarity of these ducks is that they do not know how to quack, and when they see the enemy they emit a malicious hiss, trying to scare him off in this way.
The external data for all breeds is the same. These are individuals of short stature, with strong legs. The wings are tightly pressed to the body.They love to splash in the water, but at the same time they can easily adapt to live without an open reservoir.
Poultry meat is very tasty, practically without fat at very high levels of muscle mass, which is appreciated by breeders. Indoor egg is great for eating. Of all the breeds, these ducks are the most unpretentious in care and in food. If you are interested in beef indo ducks, but you have no idea about their characteristics, you can always look at the photos on the Internet and study the description.