Orchid is considered the most beautiful indoor flower, but it is very moody. Planting an orchid has many subtleties and nuances, so you should carefully study the recommendations and tips.
- Preparing the soil for planting
- Planting the bulb
- Planting the seedling
- Propagation by cuttings
- Planting the peduncle
- Propagation by shoots
- Propagation of aerial roots
- Conclusion <
Preparing the soil for planting
There are persistent varieties of street orchids for flower beds easier to plant them. If difficulties do not frighten, try Do not plant the orchid bulb at home.
Orchids need to be planted in the ground with sphagnum moss, pine bark, fern roots and charcoal. Such soil is sold in specialty stores, although it is possible to prepare it yourself with effort It is noted that phalaenopsis loves only soil from pine bark.
Expanded clay or hydrogel are other options, but plants often do not take root in these substrates. There is an opportunity to plant a plant in a block – the material to which the flower is attached from pine bark, cork oak or tree fern. The disadvantage of this material is the rapid evaporation of moisture from the roots of the plant, so there is a risk of drying out.
The vessels are clay, glass, ceramic and plastic.However, they must have drainage and ventilation systems.
There are several options for planting an orchid at home. Remember that the methods of propagation of flowers directly depend on their type. Some species cannot reproduce by air layers.
Planting a bulb
Planting an orchid from a bulb is one of the easiest and safest ways.
To plant, for example, Vietnamese tubers at home, you need a transparent pot, a substrate. Step-by-step planting instructions:
- The bulb is planted in the ground with the lower part, which will let the roots. You do not need to plant deep, to the middle of the vessel.
- The first watering is when it starts the roots. Try not to overfill, because this leads to decay and death of the bulb.
- After a while, the adventitious buds (future stems of the new flower) will become visible through the transparent walls
Planting a seedling
You can plant an orchid at home with seedlings.
They are usually sold in flasks (such flasks are also called flask). This is how Tetraspis Phalaenopsis grows.
The method is as follows:
- Remove the flask, remove the seedlings without damaging them.
- Rinse with water.
- Soak for a few minutes in a weak solution of manganese.
- Dry them (on a paper towel or dry napkins).
- Plant the seedlings in the prepared substrate without touching a leaf of earth.
Remember that the sprouts were sterile in the bank, so it is important to monitor the microclimate. For a certain period, the sprouts will undergo adaptation, a suitable temperature will be from 20 ° C to 24 ° C and high humidity.
Propagation by cuttings
Another way of planting is propagation by cuttings. The top should be cut off from the purchased plant (with live aerial roots). Be sure to treat the branch with the cuts and top with coal powder, fungicide or garden var.
Next, take the stalk and plant it in a suitable substrate (focus on the size of the outlet).
Planting the flower stalk
Orchid planting at home with a peduncle is carried out when the plant completely fades.
- Cut the peduncle at the base divided by cuttings. Each should have a knot with a sleeping kidney.
- Treat with fungicide and spread on the surface of the moss. The kidney should not touch the moss.
- Spray regularly to prevent mold and rot.
- Leave under the film until rosettes with the root system appear on the cuttings.
If the daughter rosettes on the plant form slowly, they are treated with hormonal pastes or solutions of plant hormones. After the root system appears, other plants are planted in pots.
Propagation by shoots
Under favorable conditions, a shoot will appear at the base of the flower. Over time, it will turn into another plant.
However, if the group growth of plants in a pot does not fit, they are separated. Planting flowers is dangerous, because at the same time there is a probability of death of both the old plant and the new one.
Propagation of aerial roots
Aerial roots are formed not in all types of flowers, only in Epidendrum and Dendrobiums. And phalaenopsis propagates only by cuttings. This method of growing is one of the most difficult, because it needs sphagnum moss and a mini-greenhouse. Orchid planting rules:
- the emerging plant is cut from the flower (it must have at least 3-5 cm aerial roots)
- with roots laid in a mini-greenhouse on the moss;
- Maintain a high level of moisture and temperature, while airing.
To plant an orchid correctly is a whole art. There is a set of rules to get healthy and flowering plants in your home. The correct methods are selected based on the type of plant and the availability of conditions and devices.