Sesame (from lat. Sesamum – oil plant) – one-
and a perennial plant, in the pods of which sesame seeds ripen
seeds. There are several types of sesame seeds: white, yellow,
brown and black. But most often there are two main types:
white and black. Whites are used in cooking for dishes exposed to
heat treatment, and black – vice versa. It is this species that is more
Humanity began to use sesame seeds a very long time ago. His
used for medicinal purposes even in Ancient Greece, Rome, Babylon
and China. The mention of sesame oil is reflected in the ancient cultural
heritage of many countries, as well as in Holy Scripture. The first to describe
the maximum amount of beneficial properties of sesame and sesame oil
was Avicenn, who created a huge work on healing in the 11th century.
Now sesame seeds are grown for export in Transcaucasia, Middle
Asia, the Far East and India.
Selection and storage
When buying sesame seeds, you need to choose those that do not stick together.
among themselves and as dry as possible.
The most beneficial are raw sesame seeds because with thermal
processing the bulk of the nutrients evaporate. but
do not store raw seeds for a long time. Within 1-2
months they start to turn rancid. Sesame seeds can be stored for the longest
cold pressed oil. It retains its useful
properties for 9 years without significant changes in vitamin and mineral
and chemical composition. The oil tastes like olive oil
oil, but is more aromatic and without olive oil
bitterness. You cannot fry in sesame oil, because it starts right away
burn and at high temperatures carcinogenic
substances. It is used exclusively for dressing vegetable, meat
and cheese salads. Sesame oil is also used in cosmetic
for massage, make-up removal and as a base for moisturizing
Use and application
Sesame seeds are used in cooking to make kazinaks,
sweets, halva and other sweets, in baked goods and how
seasoning for meat.
Useful properties of sesame
Composition and presence of nutrients
Raw sesame seeds contain (in 100 g):
Calories 573 Kcal
B4 25,6 Calcium, Ca 975 Vitamin
B3 4,515 Phosphorus,
P 629 Vitamin
B1 0,791 Potassium, K 468 Vitamin
B6 0,79 Magnesium, Mg 351 Vitamin E 0,25 Iron,
Sesame seeds are classified as oil products. They contain
almost 60% of the seed volume of vegetable fats, including linoleic,
oleic, palmitic, myristic, arachidic, stearic
and lignoceric acid. These substances are indispensable for
the human body and take part in all vital processes.
Also sesame seeds have a rich vitamin and mineral composition.
It contains vitamins A,
group B; minerals – magnesium, zinc, phosphorus, iron, but most of all
For 100 g of sesame, it accounts for as much as 783 mg, which represents
a daily dose of an adult. In addition, the seeds contain
organic acids: beta-sitosterol, phytin and lecithin.
Useful and healing properties
Raw food people
or diets sesame seeds should be consumed no more than 25-30
g per day or replace them with a tablespoon of sesame oil.
Nutritionists recommend using sesame and its oil for
normalization of lipid and fat metabolism, lowering cholesterol levels
in the blood and resorption of fatty plaques on the walls of blood vessels,
what is the main cause of atherosclerosis, blood clots,
as well as vascular blockage. Sesame oil when taken internally
affects the composition of the blood. Its properties to coagulate are enhanced,
therefore, take oil for hemorrhagic diathesis.
Also raw sesame seeds are used for treatment and prevention
diseases such as hypertension, pneumonia, diseases
thyroid and pancreas.
If mastitis occurs in women during lactation, it is necessary
to the formed seals, apply gauze soaked in sesame
butter or grind raw seeds in a coffee grinder, and from the resulting
make a compress of gruel by mixing it with vegetable oil.
Sesame has a double effect on the reproductive system. One side
it promotes blood flow into the small pelvis, reduces the risk of
mastopathy and other neoplasms of the mammary glands, and on the other hand
– combined with flax and poppy seeds is the strongest
an aphrodisiac that enhances sexual desire, both in men and
and in women.
The antioxidant properties of sesame are used to relieve coughs
for colds, flu
and asthma. To do this, sesame oil is heated in a water bath to
36-38 ° C and rubbed into the skin of the neck and chest. Then cover
polyethylene and woolen cloth.
Dangerous properties of sesame seeds
Sesame seeds should be taken with caution by pregnant women, because excessive
its use can lead to miscarriage or childbirth
with hypocalcemia. For people with gastrointestinal diseases, accompanied by
increased acidity, sesame should not be taken, because he’s enough
strongly irritates the mucous membrane of the internal epithelium. And taking them on an empty stomach
may cause thirst and nausea. Reduce such negative impact
possible when taking roasted seeds with honey.
Sesame is contraindicated for people with increased clotting
blood and kidney disease.
It is not recommended to use sesame seeds for urolithiasis, so that
do not aggravate the situation due to the high calcium content in sesame seeds.
Sesame oil should not be used with aspirin and oxalic acid, as,
combining with them, calcium forms deposits in the kidneys.
There are known cases of individual intolerance to sesame seeds.